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Kumari K.N.,Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University
Comparative Clinical Pathology | Year: 2014

In the present study, haemato-biochemical changes associated with canine demodicosis are reported. Dogs (n, 16) affected with generalized demodicosis revealed significant reduction in total erythrocyte count and haemoglobin levels. All the dogs had normal packed cell volume. Affected dogs also showed leukocytosis accompanied by neutrophilia, eosinophilia and lymphopenia. Dogs had normal serum protein levels, normal A/G ratio, reduced serum albumin levels, increased serum globulin and cholesterol levels. Dogs with demodicosis did not show any significant difference in total T4 and free T4 levels when compare with health dogs. © 2014 Springer-Verlag London. Source


Rao D.S.T.,Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University
International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences | Year: 2012

Of 320 buffaloes within 60 days after calving, with the history of reduced feed intake and decreased milk yield presented, 90 (28.13%) buffaloes were found suffering with PPI. On detailed clinical examination and urinalysis, it was observed that 43 (47.78%) buffaloes had hepatic insufficiency. Out of 43 buffaloes of hepatic insufficiency, 23 (25.56 %) had hepatic insufficiency alone. Urine samples were positive for bile pigments. Serum samples were analysed for glucose, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, total bilirubin, cholesterol, AST, GGT, total protein and albumin and compared with control buffaloes. Buffaloes with hepatic insufficiency were randomly divided in to two different groups. One group (n=11) animals were given Rintose at the rate of 0.5g/ kg b wt iv for one day and inj. Livadex Forte 10 ml im for 3 days. The second group (n=12) animals were given Rintose at the rate of 0.5g/ kg b wt iv for one day and inj. Toxol 10 ml im for 3 days. There was significant improvement in serum glucose, AST, GGT and calcium levels after the treatments and the therapeutic efficacy was found to be same. Source


Devasena B.,Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University | Adilaxmamma K.,Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University
Buffalo Bulletin | Year: 2016

Present study was undertaken in order to study Delonix elata (L) Gamble for its nutritive value so as to use this particular tree leaves as livestock feed. The findings shown that, Delonix elata (L) Gamble contained, 32.8, 90.9, 25.2, 2.4, 18.2, 9.1, and 45.1% of DM, OM, CP, EE, CF, TA and NFE, respectively. The cell wall constituents (%) were, 46.5 (NDF), 24.3 (ADF), 22.2 (hemicellulose) and 5.3 (ADL). The determination of different fraction of carbohydrates and protein as per CNCPS (Cornell Net Carbohydrate and Protein System) revealed that, carbohydrate fraction A and protein fraction B2 contents were more, indicating the readily available nutrients are more in this forage. The IVDMD and IVOMD were 76.7 and 77.4%, respectively. In sacco DM degradability indicated readily soluble component a-14.3, insoluble but degradable component, b-68.7, rate constant at which ‘b’ is degraded c- 0.0586 and effective degradable dry matter (EDDM) of 55.8%. While the protein degradability study indicated a-18.3, b-60.4, c- 0.0904 and effective degradable protein (EDP) was 60.8%. The total tannin content was 4.1 g%. It can be concluded that, Delonix elata can be used as livestock feed. © 2016, Kasetsart University. All rights reserved. Source


Reddy B.S.,Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University | Sivajothi S.,Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University
Comparative Clinical Pathology | Year: 2016

Canine generalised demodicosis is recognised as a severe skin disease of dogs, and studies on CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in this disease condition have been limited. The aim of the present study was to record the CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in the peripheral blood of dogs affected with generalised demodicosis. Whole blood was collected from dogs with generalised demodicosis for estimation of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells by flow cytometry. The demodicosis-affected dogs had lower number of CD4+ T cells, increased CD8+ T cells, and reduced CD4+/CD8+ ratio compared to healthy controls. Present abnormalities in the study are related to the immunological response of the dogs to the mites in a disease process. © 2015, Springer-Verlag London. Source


Reddy B.S.,Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University | Sivajothi S.,Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University
Comparative Clinical Pathology | Year: 2016

Malassezia pachydermatis is the most common causative organism for development of Malassezia dermatitis in dogs. An adult pug was presented to the clinic with chronic skin abnormalities, rancid odour from the body and pruritus. Lesion distribution was noticed on the ventral chin, neck, abdomen and inner surface of the legs. Skin scrapings, hair plucks and tape impression smears were examined, and footprint-shaped Malassezia organisms were identified in impression smears. Blood was collected to diagnose underlying factor for development of chronic recurrent Malassezia dermatitis. Up on blood tests, lowered total T4 (2.02 μg/dL) and free T4 (0.68 ng/dL) were detected. Treatment was given with oral ketoconazole (5-mg/kg body weight) resulted in improvement of clinical signs within two weeks of therapy. Thyroxine (at 20-μg/kg body weight BID, PO) was administered, and thyroxine levels in blood were in between the normal range after 2 months. No recurrence of dermatitis and pruritus was observed during the observatory period of six months. © 2015, Springer-Verlag London. Source

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