Jayashankara C.M.,Sri Siddhartha Dental College |
Shivanna A.K.,Sri Siddhartha Dental College |
Kumar P.S.,Sri Siddhartha Dental College
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Year: 2013
Taurodontism is a developmental disturbance of a tooth in which body is enlarged at the expense of the roots. An enlarged pulp chamber, apical displacement of the pulpal floor and lack of constriction at the cementoenamel junction are the characteristic features. It appears most frequently as an isolated anomaly. But its association with several syndromes and abnormalities has also been reported. Endodontic treatment of taurodont teeth is stated to be complex and difficult due to the complexity in the tooth morphology. This case report presents a case of taurodontism in permanent maxillary molars and their successful endodontic treatment.
PubMed | Mahatma Gandhi Medical College, Sri Siddhartha Dental College and Jaipur Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2015
The purpose of the present study was to determine the microbial atmospheric contamination during initial periodontal treatment using a modern piezoelectric scaler and to evaluate the efficacy of two commercially available mouth rinses (0.2% Chlorhexidine mouth rinse and Listerine) in reducing bacterial contamination when used as a pre-procedural rinse, with and without high volume evacuation (Aerosol reduction device).Subjects for the study were selected from the outpatient Department of Periodontics, Sri Siddhartha Dental College and Hospital, Tumkur, India. Total 60 patients were taken for the study and on the basis of inclusion and exclusion criterias they were divided into three groups. The sampling was carried out in two stages before and after implementing a set protocol. Total duration of study was four months.The samples (blood agar plates) were transported immediately to the Department of Microbiology, Sri Siddhartha Medical College, Tumkur for: Identification of microorganisms as per standard procedures (Gram stain, Biochemical Test, Species Identification).Counting the number of colonies formed on blood agar plates using colony counter unit.Out of all the three pre-procedural rinses 0.2% w/v Chlorhexidine is the best in reducing aerobic bacteria (CFU) followed by Listerine and then Water.The following conclusion was drawn that the use of pre-procedural rinses along with the use of high volume suction apparatus significantly reduced the aerosol contamination and hence chances of cross-infection in the dental units.
PubMed | Dental Care and Research Center, Sri Siddhartha Dental College and Government Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of forensic dental sciences | Year: 2016
Identification of humans, especially in mass disaster is a challenging aspect for team members of the disaster victim identification (DVI) unit. Identification is necessary for humanitarian and emotional reasons and for many legal issues, particularly for family members. In the modern day, all possible methods have been applied for establishing the identification of deceased individuals. The DVI team comprises specialists from different disciplines. The forensic dentist plays a major role in the identification of victims in disaster. To establish a simple, faster and time saving procedure for Postmortem dental identification in mass disaster. In this article, we present a simpler and faster method, which helps in gaining access into the oral cavity that helps in the recording of postmortem oral findings where required.
PubMed | Vakkaligara Sanga Dental College, Sri Siddhartha Dental College, Vishnu Dental College and Siddhagiri Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2016
Hemostasis is a fundamental management issue post-operatively in minor oral surgical procedures. To ensure safety and therapeutic efficacy in patients, under oral anti coagulant therapy, is complicated by necessity for frequent determination of prothrombin time or international normalised ratio.The aim of the study was to determine whether early hemostasis achieved by using Hemcon Dental Dressing (HDD) will affect post-operative care and surgical healing outcome in minor oral surgical procedures.A total of 30 patients, aged 18 years to 90 years, except those allergic to seafood, who consented to participate, were enrolled into this study. Patients were required to have two or more surgical sites so that they would have both surgical and control sites. All patients taking Oral Anticoagulation Therapy (OAT) were included for treatment in the study without altering the anticoagulant regimens. Institutional Review Board approval was obtained for the same. The collected data was subjected to statistical analysis using unpaired t-test.All HDD surgically treated sites achieved hemostasis in 1.49 minutes and control wounds in 4.06 minutes (p < 0.001). Post-operative pain at HDD treated sites (1.87,1.27 on 1The HDD has been proven to be a clinically effective hemostatic dressing material that significantly shortens bleeding time following minor oral surgical procedures under local anaesthesia, including those patients taking OAT. Patients receiving the HDD had improved surgical wound healing as compared to controls.
Ananda S.R.,Coorg Institute of Dental science |
Mythri H.,Sri Siddhartha Dental College
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences | Year: 2014
Preventive dentistry is the area of dentistry that focuses on those procedures and life practices that help people to prevent the beginning or progression of oral disease. It includes at-home dental care performed by patients, as well as dental care and education by professional dental staff in the office or clinic. To assess the knowledge & utilization of preventive dentistry procedures among parents. A household survey was conducted on mothers of school children belonging to 6 to 10 year's age. A multistage sampling is used to include 800 in the study. Results: 91.13% of subjects are aware of importance of primary dentition and permanent dentition but not aware about preventive dentistry procedures to maintain the oral health. The information about the self utilizable preventive measures was obtained mainly by the media. Knowledge of preventive dentistry procedures and utilization rate among parents is very less. Less than 30% of the parents know about Preventive dentistry procedures.
Charan Gowda B.K.,Sri Siddhartha Dental College |
Charndrashekar L.,Best Dental Science College and Hospital |
Sharma D.,Sri Siddhartha Dental College
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2015
Oral Cavity within the humans is beginning of digestive system which plays a significant role in communication. Since, of many chromogenic microorganism teeth that are enclosed within the oral cavity is subjected to various means of exogenous and endogenous substances which can stain the teeth. Appearance of pink teeth is commonly noted after death has occurred. This phenomenon is commonly noted by forensic dentists who usually visit for exhumation. Application of pink teeth in forensics as a possible means for evaluating the cause of death is limited. With the recent advancement in science and technique many research have been carried to know the etiology, biochemicals and also mechanism behind the appearance of pink color. These paper review the literature regarding the postmortem “Pink Teeth Phenomenon” and provides an insight into ante mortem staining of teeth which enables the forensic dentists to differentiates between Pink teeth Phenomenon and Antemortem Teeth Staining. © 2015, Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. All rights reserved.
Mythri H.,Sri Siddhartha Dental College |
Arun A.,JKK Nataraja Dental College and Hospital |
Kashinath K.R.,Sri Siddhartha Dental College
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2016
Infection control is the discipline concerned with preventing nosocomial or healthcare-associated infection, a practical sub-discipline of epidemiology. It is an essential, though often under recognized and under supported, part of the infrastructure of health care. Hence the objective of the present study was to assess perception & practice of infection control measures among healthcare workers in district government hospital of Tumkur. Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted among hospital employees using a pretested questionnaire which had four domains. Results: 78.5% of health care workers had knowledge about sterilization procedures for infection control and regarding the sterilization procedures used. When observed for practice had many lacunae's. Conclusion: Knowledge towards infection control procedures was goo but attitude as well as practice was very poor indicating the need for motivation & training. © 2016, Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. All rights reserved.
PubMed | Sri Siddhartha Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of forensic dental sciences | Year: 2015
This article presents images and histological changes in the dentin of two cases involving posmortem pink teeth. Postmortem pink teeth were noted among two deceased male individuals. Pink teeth were noted during autopsy examination after twelve days in one corpse, and eight days following death in the second case. During the examination decomposition and putrefaction of the body was noted. Cause of death was drowning in one case and haemorrhages and shock in another. A central incisor tooth was obtained from each body. Both teeth exhibited a pink appearance and the intensity was more pronounced in the cervical region. Although pink teeth can be noted in death due to asphyxia, carbon monoxide poisoning and so on, it is necessary to study the exact role behind the appearance of pink teeth and try to incorporate the finding medico legally.
PubMed | Senior Lecturer, Sri Siddhartha Dental College and Coorg Institute of Dental science
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2015
Dentists may be the first health care professionals to treat patients who have experienced Oro-facial trauma resulting from Domestic violence (DV). Hence, as a national health concern, it challenges the social responsibility of a dentist in bringing down its prevalence.To assess the knowledge of Domestic violence among dentists of Karnataka.A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted among dentists of Karnataka to know their knowledge, its relation to dentistry and measures they practice to bring down the prevalence of DV victims.Overall knowledge about DV was very less among the dentists & out of 64% who said the dentist has a role in bringing down the prevalence, 28% reported the need for training.Based on analysis of the data, dentists were interested and would benefit from additional education opportunities concerning recognizing, referring and managing patients who may be the victim of domestic violence in order to enhance their role.
PubMed | Sri Siddhartha Dental College and Malabar Dental College and Research Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and experimental dentistry | Year: 2015
The introduction of fluoride releasing sealants and glass ionomer cements as fissure sealants adds another dimension to prevention of pit and fissure caries. The ability of resin sealants and glass ionomer cements to release fluoride on a long term basis to the sealed enamel and the adjacent unsealed pit and fissure and cuspal incline enamel may allow for further reduction in pit and fissure caries experience for children. Hence, the study was conducted to compare the amount of fluoride release in the plaque after placing fluoride releasing pit and fissure sealants and glass ionomer fissure sealants used in Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) approach. To compare the fluoride release of both the materials at the different time intervals.A total of 60 school going children were included in this study. Before application of the sealants, baseline plaque fluoride levels were estimated from all the study subjects. After application of sealants again the same was estimated at an interval of 24 hour, 9 days, 2 weeks and 4 weeks.The peak plaque fluoride levels were achieved at 24 hours after application of fissure sealants in all the groups.Within the limitation of the study, the present study indicated that fluoride releasing fissure sealants may act as a source of fluoride in plaque which will help in preventing pit and fissure and smooth surface caries in the tooth sealed with fissure sealants. Key words:Plaque fluoride, pit and fissures sealants, dental caries.