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Katuri J.,Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning | Katuri J.,Intelligent Group
Angewandte Chemie - International Edition | Year: 2015

Chemically powered micro- and nanomotors are small devices that are self-propelled by catalytic reactions in fluids. Taking inspiration from biomotors, scientists are aiming to find the best architecture for self-propulsion, understand the mechanisms of motion, and develop accurate control over the motion. Remotely guided nanomotors can transport cargo to desired targets, drill into biomaterials, sense their environment, mix or pump fluids, and clean polluted water. This Review summarizes the major advances in the growing field of catalytic nanomotors, which started ten years ago. © 2015 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Anand B.,Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning | Kaniyoor A.,Indian Institute of Technology Madras | Sai S.S.S.,Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning | Philip R.,Raman Research Institute | Ramaprabhu S.,Indian Institute of Technology Madras
Journal of Materials Chemistry C | Year: 2013

We present the mechanism and performance of optical limiting (OL) in hydrogen exfoliated graphene (HEG), functionalized HEG (f-HEG) and its metal hybrids. At the wavelengths used, the mechanism of nonlinear absorption (NLA) involves two-photon absorption and excited state absorption in the nanosecond excitation regime, and saturable absorption in combination with two-photon absorption in the femtosecond (ultrafast) excitation regime. The role of defects in the OL performance of HEG and f-HEG is investigated with the help of their Raman spectra. OL efficiency of f-HEG is found to improve with Pt and Pd nanoparticle decoration due to an enhanced NLA, which arises mainly from interband transitions between the d band and the s-p conduction band in the metal NPs, and charge transfer between f-HEG and metal NPs. Thermally induced light scattering is negligible in these water dispersed systems. This journal is © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Sai Siddhardha R.S.,Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning | Lakshminarayanan V.,Raman Research Institute | Ramamurthy S.S.,Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning
Journal of Power Sources | Year: 2015

Hydrogen has been proposed as the green fuel of the future in the wake of depleting fossil fuels. Recently, carbon paste electrodes (CPE) modified with nanomaterials as electrocatalysts have drawn wide attention for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) in acid medium. The CPEs are advantageous owing to their chemical stability and ease of fabrication. Their applications for HER without any modification, however, are hampered on account of large hydrogen overpotential associated with carbon surface. In the present study, CPE has been modified with novel gold composites as electro-catalysts for HER in acid medium. The nanocomposites have shown ∼100 fold increased current density than unmodified CPE at -0.3 V. Most strikingly for the first time, this study has quantitatively brought out the difference in catalysis between surfactant capped and pristine gold nanoparticles in terms of their application as spot-free catalysts towards hydrogen gas production by electrochemical route. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Srinivasan V.,Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning | Ramamurthy S.S.,Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning
Journal of Physical Chemistry C | Year: 2016

We demonstrate an important approach to correlate Purcell factor (PF) and surface plasmon-coupled emission (SPCE) enhancements with the use of finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulations and time-correlated single-photon counting (TCSPC) studies of a radiating dipole in cermet nanocavities. We observed >50-fold fluorescence enhancement with high directionality and polarization of Rhodamine 6G (Rh6G) emission trapped in the nanocavity created between the titanium-based ceramic nanoparticle and metallic silver thin film. Compositional variation with hybrid nanoparticles, TiC0N1 (TiN), TiC0.5N0.5 (TiCN), and TiC1N0 (TiC), brought about enhanced PFs and tunable fluorescence enhancements that were used for mobile-phone-based detection of tryptophan with nanomolar sensitivity. We hope that this study opens the door to next-gen plasmonics with the ability to tune and enhance the hot-spot electromagnetic field intensity of alternative plasmonic materials, as hybrid synergy spacers in the SPCE platform. © 2015 American Chemical Society.

Suresh P.,Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning | Thayaparan T.,Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning | Obulesu T.,McMaster University | Venkataramaniah K.,Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning
IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing | Year: 2014

In this paper, we report the efficiency of the Fourier-Bessel transform (FBT) and time-frequency (TF)-based method in conjunction with the fractional Fourier transform (FrFT), for extracting micro-Doppler (m-D) radar signatures from the rotating targets. This approach comprises mainly of two processes, with the first being the decomposition of the radar return, in order to extract m-D features, and the second being the TF analysis to estimate motion parameters of the target. In order to extract m-D features from the radar signal returns, the time domain radar signal is decomposed into stationary and nonstationary components using the FBT in conjunction with the FrFT. The components are then reconstructed by applying the inverse Fourier-Bessel transform (IFBT). After the extraction of the m-D features from the target's original radar return, TF analysis is used to estimate the target's motion parameters. This proposed method is also an effective tool for detecting maneuvering air targets in strong sea clutter and is also applied to both simulated data and real-world experimental data. © 2013 IEEE.

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