Sri Devaraj Urs University
Sri Devaraj Urs University
Thalanjeri P.,Mangalore University |
Shankar V.,Sri Devaraj Urs University |
Kutty K.,Sri Devaraj Urs University |
Dutt R.A.,Mangalore University
Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology | Year: 2017
Background: Long term cigarette smoking is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Smoking influences the tone of the autonomic nervous system as reflected by Heart Rate Variability. The present study aimed at studying the effect of cigarette smoking and its cessation for 1 week on HRV. Materials & Methods: 35 smokers and 35 age matched controls (non smokers) working as health science professionals were selected considering the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Information was collected regarding their smoking history and was subjected to HRV analysis. Results: HRV was significantly reduced in study group than controls. Further, HRV among study group after they quit smoking for one week was significantly higher (p<0.009). The increase in HRV was comparable to that of non smokers (p<0.61). Conclusion: There was reduction in HRV among cigarette smokers. Furthermore, there is an immediate and substantial increase in HRV after one week cessation of smoking. © 2017, Association of Physiologists and Pharmacologists of India. All rights reserved.
Sridevi N.S.,Sri Devaraj Urs University |
Wilma Delphine Silvia C.R.,Vydehi Institute of Medical science and Research Center |
Kulkarni R.,M S Ramaiah Medical College |
Seshagiri C.,M S Ramaiah Medical College
Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology | Year: 2010
The present study was planned to assess the relationship of palmar dermatoglyphic patterns of hands in women with breast cancer and or at risk for developing breast cancer. This study was conducted on 100 histopathologically confirmed breast cancer patients in women and their digital dermatoglyphic patterns were studied to assess their association with the type and onset of breast cancer. Simultaneously 100 age-matched controls were also selected with no self or familial history of a diagnosed breast cancer and the observations were recorded. The differences of qualitative (dermatoglyphic patterns) data were tested for their significance using the chi-square test, and Student's t-test was used for quantitative (ridge counts and pattern intensity index) data analysis. The results of the study indicated statistically significant changes in finger ridge count and fingertip pattern in cases of carcinoma breast as compared to the control group. Palmar dermatoglyphics is simple, inexpensive, anatomical and non-invasive and may be used as a reliable indicator for screening of highrisk population in developing country like India, for early detection and early therapy, thus reducing the morbidity and mortality in cases of carcinoma breast.
Venkatappa K.G.,AJ Institute of Medical Science |
Vinutha Shankar M.S.,Sri Devaraj Urs University
Biomedical Research | Year: 2012
The IT capital of India, Bengaluru in 21st century has seen an unprecedented increase in vehicular noise caused by exponential increase in the number of vehicles. With the steady rise of vehicular traffic in the city, policemen manning the traffic are being exposed to all kinds of health hazards. Noise not only affects hearing but also trigger the body's stress response. The objectives were to measure noise levels at major traffic junctions in Bengaluru city and the association between noise levels and stress in traffic policemen. The study included 60 traffic policemen deputed at different junctions of Bengaluru. Informed consent was taken and ethical clearance was obtained. Road traffic noise was measured using sound level meter. Stress questionnaire which consisted of questions like sleep deprivation, tension, headache etc was administered to which the subjects responded on five- point likert scale. The stress levels thus obtained was correlated with noise levels using Pearson Correlation coefficient. Road traffic noise ranged from 71.2 to 91dB. There was a significant positive correlation between stress and noise level (r = +0.578, p =0.00). Present study showed there is a significant positive correlation between noise levels & stress. Higher the noise level more is the stress in traffic policemen. Hence some preventive modalities should be undertaken to prevent psycophysiological problems in long run because of job related stress in traffic policemen.
Kalyani R.,Sri Devaraj Urs University |
Das S.,Sri Devaraj Urs University |
Bindra Singh M.,Sri Devaraj Urs University |
Kumar H.M.L.,Sri Devaraj Urs University
Indian Journal of Cancer | Year: 2010
Context: Cancer profile varies in different regions and depends on race, lifestyle and diet. The study of a cancer profile helps to know the common cancers in a particular population, its probable risk factors and also helps in cancer control programs. AIM: To study the cancer profile at Kolar, based on Pathology Department records. Settings and Design: Retrospective study from January 1997 to December 2006. Materials and Methods: Cancer cases diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and histopathology in the Department of Pathology were included in the study. The relevant history, clinical findings, and sociodemographic information of each case was retrieved from hospital records. Statistical Analysis Used: Descriptive statistics. Results: Out of a total of 19,615 cases reported at the Department of Pathology, 2,744 (13.98%) were cancer cases. The peak incidence was in the fifth decade in females and the seventh decade in males. Male : Female ratio was 0.7 : 1. Overall there was a steady rise in the number of cases from year 1997 to 2006. The top ten cancers in males were of oral cavity, stomach, esophagus, bone, non-Hodgkin′s lymphoma (NHL), prostate, liver, larynx, penis, and Hodgkin′s disease / bladder and those in females were oral cavity, cervix, breast, stomach, esophagus, thyroid, ovary, bone, rectum, and melanoma. Conclusions: Oral cavity and upper gastrointestinal cancers predominated in both genders. In females, cervical cancer predominated over breast cancer. Thyroid cancers were relatively more common in this region especially in females.
Prasad C.S.B.R.,Sri Devaraj Urs University |
Aparna N.,Sri Devaraj Urs University |
Kumar M.L.H.,Sri Devaraj Urs University
Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion | Year: 2011
In the life cycle of malarial parasite exflagellation of microgametes occur in mosquitoes. Usually this will not occur in the peripheral blood of human beings. However, exflagellation can occur in the collected blood and may create diagnostic dilemma. We report a case of vivax malaria with exflagellated microgametes, which were mistaken for a double infection of vivax malaria and borrelia. © Indian Society of Haematology & Transfusion Medicine 2011.
Venkatappa K.G.,Sri Devaraj Urs University |
Vinutha Shankar M.S.,Sri Devaraj Urs University |
Annamalai N.,Sri Devaraj Urs University
Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology | Year: 2012
The objectives of the present study were to (i) estimate noise levels at major traffic junctions in Bengaluru City, and (ii) assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of traffic policemen deputed at those junctions towards the auditory effects caused by noise pollution. The present questionnaire based study was carried among 60 traffic policemen. Road traffic noise was measured at different places in Bengaluru city using Sound level meter and it ranged from 71.2 to 91 dB. The questionnaire included the questions regarding the self assessment of the policemen about their hearing ability, past and present exposure to loud sound and the use of personal protective devices such as ear plugs and ear muffs. The questionnaire was filled by the subjects and the data was analyzed. The mean age was 42.2±7.4 years and the mean year of exposure was 10.82±8.53 yrs. Only 3.33% of the subjects felt that their hearing ability was below average. Thirteen subjects reported that they usually missed some conversation over phone while 25% reported similar condition while talking to someone in crowd. 16.66% had work related tinnitus (> once a day) and experienced it more during working hours. None of them used ear plugs/ ear muffs and the reason for non-usage was nonavailability (100%). The self assessment of hearing by traffic policemen suggests that most of the traffic policemen have normal hearing. However, a systematic study with Audiometry of these subjects is recommended.
Madan M.,Sri Devaraj Urs University |
Naveen T.K.,Sri Devaraj Urs University |
Balachandra M.,Sri Devaraj Urs University
Indian Journal of Surgery | Year: 2012
Surgical complication of diabetes mellitus has been a common clinical problem among the rural population because of illiteracy and poor health education. The present study was undertaken to evaluate patients with respect to age, sex, presentation and to do other specific investigations. The patients were treated by conservative or surgical methods, and the outcome was monitored. The majority of the patients were males with peak age group in the sixth decade. Septic lesions were more than the neuropathic or the ischaemic lesions. © 2011 Association of Surgeons of India.
Vidyavathi K.,Sri Devaraj Urs University |
Prabhakar K.,Sri Devaraj Urs University |
Harendra Kumar M.L.,Sri Devaraj Urs University
Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine | Year: 2013
Primary testicular lymphoma usually presents as a unilateral testicular mass with occasional bilateral involvement. The tumor show contiguous spread to rete testis, epididymis spermatic cord and rarely to tunica albuginea. We report a case of primary testicular lymphoma which showed rupture of tunica albuginea with involvement of inguinal lymph node which is unusual. A 50-year-old male patient presented with right inguinal swelling and right side scrotal swelling of five months′ duration. Fine needle aspiration of the right inguinal lymph node was done and was suggestive for lymphoma/seminoma. Histopathology of right orchiectomy revealed non-Hodgkin′s lymphoma (NHL). Further investigations did not reveal any other organs involved with non-Hodgkin′s lymphoma. Primary testicular lymphoma usually shows spread to extranodal sites like skin, central nervous system and Waldeyer′s ring at presentation and at relapse. Whereas, less common sites are lung, bone, liver, gastrointestinal system and nodal sites, especially the paraaortic lymph nodes. Testicular lymphoma with involvement of the inguinal lymph node is unusual. Clinical presentation of such cases may mimic germ cell tumors.
PubMed | Sri Devaraj Urs University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Indian journal of physiology and pharmacology | Year: 2012
The objectives of the present study were to (i) estimate noise levels at major traffic junctions in Bengaluru City, and (ii) assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of traffic policemen deputed at those junctions towards the auditory effects caused by noise pollution. The present questionnaire based study was carried among 60 traffic policemen. Road traffic noise was measured at different places in Bengaluru city using Sound level meter and it ranged from 71.2 to 91 dB. The questionnaire included the questions regarding the self assessment of the policemen about their hearing ability, past and present exposure to loud sound and the use of personal protective devices such as ear plugs and ear muffs. The questionnaire was filled by the subjects and the data was analyzed. The mean age was 42.2 +/- 7.4 years and the mean year of exposure was 10.82 +/- 8.53 yrs. Only 3.33% of the subjects felt that their hearing ability was below average. Thirteen subjects reported that they usually missed some conversation over phone while 25% reported similar condition while talking to someone in crowd. 16.66% had work related tinnitus (> once a day) and experienced it more during working hours. None of them used ear plugs/ear muffs and the reason for non-usage was nonavailability (100%). The self assessment of hearing by traffic policemen suggests that most of the traffic policemen have normal hearing. However, a systematic study with Audiometry of these subjects is recommended.
PubMed | Sri Devaraj Urs University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of laboratory physicians | Year: 2013
Chronic endometritis is a condition observed in 3-10% of women with abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB). Diagnosis depends upon the histological detection of plasma cells within the inflammatory infiltrate in the endometrium. Plasma cells on H and E may be obscured by a mononuclear infiltrate, plasmacytoid stromal cells, abundant stromal mitosis, a pronounced predecidual reaction, menstrual features or secondary changes due to exogenous progesterone treatment prior to biopsy.The objective of this study was to determine utility of syndecan-1 in diagnosis of chronic endometritis in patients with AUB, and to see if any of the secondary histologic features in endometrial biopsy, correlated with the presence of plasma cells on immunohistochemistry (IHC).Fifty endometrial biopsies with a clinical diagnosis of AUB were taken. Endometrium in proliferative phase, secretory phase, endometrial polyps, and disordered proliferative endometrium were studied for the presence of plasma cells. IHC was done using syndecan-1. The secondary histologic features of chronic endometritis like gland architectural irregularity, spindled stroma, stromal edema and hemorrhage with the presence of plasma cells was statistically analysed. Values of P < 0.05 were considered as significant.Plasma cells were seen in 11 (69%) of DPE, 8 (66%) of PEB, and 1 (7%) of normal proliferative endometrium and in 2 (40%) of secretory endometrium. Presence of stromal breakdown showed a significant association with plasma cells (P = 0.02) whereas gland architecture irregularity (P = 0.28), stromal edema (P = 0.71) and spindled stromal (P = 0.72) did not show a significant association.Plasma cells were significantly present in AUB patients. Syndecan-1 maybe helpful in unusual cases, where chronic endometritis is suspected as the cause of clinically significant ongoing abnormal bleeding.