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Sridevi N.S.,Sri Devaraj Urs University | Wilma Delphine Silvia C.R.,Vydehi Institute of Medical science and Research Center | Kulkarni R.,M S Ramaiah Medical College | Seshagiri C.,M S Ramaiah Medical College
Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology | Year: 2010

The present study was planned to assess the relationship of palmar dermatoglyphic patterns of hands in women with breast cancer and or at risk for developing breast cancer. This study was conducted on 100 histopathologically confirmed breast cancer patients in women and their digital dermatoglyphic patterns were studied to assess their association with the type and onset of breast cancer. Simultaneously 100 age-matched controls were also selected with no self or familial history of a diagnosed breast cancer and the observations were recorded. The differences of qualitative (dermatoglyphic patterns) data were tested for their significance using the chi-square test, and Student's t-test was used for quantitative (ridge counts and pattern intensity index) data analysis. The results of the study indicated statistically significant changes in finger ridge count and fingertip pattern in cases of carcinoma breast as compared to the control group. Palmar dermatoglyphics is simple, inexpensive, anatomical and non-invasive and may be used as a reliable indicator for screening of highrisk population in developing country like India, for early detection and early therapy, thus reducing the morbidity and mortality in cases of carcinoma breast. Source

Venkatappa K.G.,AJ Institute of Medical science | Vinutha Shankar M.S.,Sri Devaraj Urs University
Biomedical Research | Year: 2012

The IT capital of India, Bengaluru in 21st century has seen an unprecedented increase in vehicular noise caused by exponential increase in the number of vehicles. With the steady rise of vehicular traffic in the city, policemen manning the traffic are being exposed to all kinds of health hazards. Noise not only affects hearing but also trigger the body's stress response. The objectives were to measure noise levels at major traffic junctions in Bengaluru city and the association between noise levels and stress in traffic policemen. The study included 60 traffic policemen deputed at different junctions of Bengaluru. Informed consent was taken and ethical clearance was obtained. Road traffic noise was measured using sound level meter. Stress questionnaire which consisted of questions like sleep deprivation, tension, headache etc was administered to which the subjects responded on five- point likert scale. The stress levels thus obtained was correlated with noise levels using Pearson Correlation coefficient. Road traffic noise ranged from 71.2 to 91dB. There was a significant positive correlation between stress and noise level (r = +0.578, p =0.00). Present study showed there is a significant positive correlation between noise levels & stress. Higher the noise level more is the stress in traffic policemen. Hence some preventive modalities should be undertaken to prevent psycophysiological problems in long run because of job related stress in traffic policemen. Source

Kalyani R.,Sri Devaraj Urs University | Das S.,Sri Devaraj Urs University | Harendra Kumar M.L.,Sri Devaraj Urs University
Journal of the Indian Medical Association | Year: 2010

Pattern of gastro-intestinal malignancies differ in different geographical areas and depends upon the genetic, cultural, dietary and socio-economic factors. Therefore studying pattern of gastro-intestinal cancers help to identify high risk groups, recommend preventive measures or advise appropriate screening in high risk population. The present study was undertaken to determine the pattern of gastrointestinal malignancies at Kolar, situated in south-eastern part of Karnataka. A ten-year retrospective study from January 1997 to December 2006 was done at the department of pathology at Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Kolar, Karnataka. All the gastro-intestinal malignancies diagnosed were retrieved from pathology department records and socio-epidemiological data regarding each case was collected from hospital record section. The cases were analysed for site of involvement, age distribution, histological types and yearwise distribution by descriptive analysis. Gastro-intestinal malignancies constituted 22.96% of all the malignancies diagnosed. Males were more frequently affected than females, M:F ratio was 1:0.6. Peak incidence was in 7th decade. Stomach was the commonest site (48.4%) followed by oesophagus (27.7%), rectum (6.5%), colon (5.0%) and primary liver cancer (4.76%). Majority of histological type was adenocarcinoma. Yearwise distribution showed gradual increase in incidence of cancer. In the present study gastro-oesophageal malignancies was the most common gastro-intestinal malignancy in this part of Karnataka which in turn reflects on potential lifestyle and environmental factors. Source

Prasad C.S.B.R.,Sri Devaraj Urs University | Aparna N.,Sri Devaraj Urs University | Kumar M.L.H.,Sri Devaraj Urs University
Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion | Year: 2011

In the life cycle of malarial parasite exflagellation of microgametes occur in mosquitoes. Usually this will not occur in the peripheral blood of human beings. However, exflagellation can occur in the collected blood and may create diagnostic dilemma. We report a case of vivax malaria with exflagellated microgametes, which were mistaken for a double infection of vivax malaria and borrelia. © Indian Society of Haematology & Transfusion Medicine 2011. Source

Venkatappa K.G.,Sri Devaraj Urs University | Vinutha Shankar M.S.,Sri Devaraj Urs University | Annamalai N.,Sri Devaraj Urs University
Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology | Year: 2012

The objectives of the present study were to (i) estimate noise levels at major traffic junctions in Bengaluru City, and (ii) assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of traffic policemen deputed at those junctions towards the auditory effects caused by noise pollution. The present questionnaire based study was carried among 60 traffic policemen. Road traffic noise was measured at different places in Bengaluru city using Sound level meter and it ranged from 71.2 to 91 dB. The questionnaire included the questions regarding the self assessment of the policemen about their hearing ability, past and present exposure to loud sound and the use of personal protective devices such as ear plugs and ear muffs. The questionnaire was filled by the subjects and the data was analyzed. The mean age was 42.2±7.4 years and the mean year of exposure was 10.82±8.53 yrs. Only 3.33% of the subjects felt that their hearing ability was below average. Thirteen subjects reported that they usually missed some conversation over phone while 25% reported similar condition while talking to someone in crowd. 16.66% had work related tinnitus (> once a day) and experienced it more during working hours. None of them used ear plugs/ ear muffs and the reason for non-usage was nonavailability (100%). The self assessment of hearing by traffic policemen suggests that most of the traffic policemen have normal hearing. However, a systematic study with Audiometry of these subjects is recommended. Source

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