Entity

Time filter

Source Type


Weight transmitted from the fifth lumbar vertebrae to the sacrum is distributed as three separate components between (a) the vertebral bodies anteriorly, (b) the transverse elements intermediately, and (c) the lumbosacral facet joints, posteriorly. The posterior components of the fifth lumbar vertebra share greater proportion of load in comparison with the posterior elements of the upper lumbar vertebral levels. This study focuses on rudimentary lumbosacral facet articulations and their possible effects on load sharing at this region. Twenty sacra bearing rudimentary articulations were collected for analysis. Sixteen of these sacra presented unilateral rudimentary facets, and the remaining four had facets that were bilaterally rudimentary. Thirteen of the sacra with unilateral rudimentary facets showed an accessory articulating area on the upper surface of the ala on the same side as the rudimentary zygapophyseal facet. The remaining three sacra (out of the 16) showed evidence of strong ligamentous attachments between the L5 and S1 transverse elements on the sides of the rudimentary facets. All the sacra with bilateral rudimentary facets demonstrated bilateral accessory L5-S1 articulations. These observations indicated that load transmission at lumbosacral junctions bearing a rudimentary facet joint is not normal and that their associations with strong L5-S1 lumbosacral ligamentous attachments or accessory articulations at the transverse elements serve a compensatory mechanism for load sharing. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. Source


Khandelwal S.,Sri Aurobindo Institute of Medical science
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2013

High - voltage electric burns are very rare in children. This is a report of a seven years old boy, who presented 20 days after severe burns following a contact with a high - voltage electric line during playing. He was treated for the above at another hospital and was referred for further management. His clinical examination revealed; exposed skull bones, a raw area over the right side of the chest wall and a raw area over the right upper limb, which completely exposed the distal radius and the ulnar bones. After properly explaining the purpose of the operation to his parents and getting their consent, the exposed skull bones were covered with multiple pedicle scalp flaps. A bipedicle abdominal flap was used to cover the exposed right forearm bones and a skin grafting was also provided to the chest wall wound at the same time. The abdominal flap was detached safely after three weeks. He withstood the above operations well and was discharged six weeks after the above operations. The bipedicle abdominal flap helped in saving his right forearm and hand and the reason for the publication of this case is its rarity in children. Source


Bhandari V.,Sri Aurobindo Institute of Medical science
Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology | Year: 2016

Introduction: Head and neck cancer is a leading health problem in India due to the habit of chewing tobacco and bad oral and dental hygiene. Carcinoma buccal mucosa is more common and is 2.5% of all malignancies at our center. Most of the patients present in stage III and IV and the survival in these cases is not very good. Bone metastasis in advanced cases of carcinoma buccal mucosa is rarely reported in the world literature. Materials and Methods: We present here cases developing bone metastasis in carcinoma buccal mucosa in last 5 years. These patients were young with loco-regionally advanced disease where bone metastasis developed within 1-year of definitive treatment. Results: The flat bones and vertebrae were mainly involved and the survival was also short after diagnosis of metastasis despite the treatment with local Radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Conclusion: The exact cause of metastasis cannot be proved, but the probability of subclinical seedling of malignant cells before the eradication of the primary tumor should be considered along with advanced local and nodal disease with high grade of tumor. © 2016 Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology. Source


Mahato N.K.,Sri Aurobindo Institute of Medical science
Neurosurgical Focus | Year: 2010

Object: Although the area at the auricular surface defines the magnitude of weight transmission to the hip bones, this study proposes that the position of the auricular surfaces may also significantly influence load bearing patterns at the sacrum. This study attempts to investigate and classify variable positions of the auricular surfaces that may cause vertical shifts in weight-bearing patterns between the L-5 and S-1 segments, altering weight distribution at the lumbosacral and sacroiliac regions. Methods: Three hundred human sacra were studied to determine the position and extent of their auricular surfaces in relation to the sacral segments. Specimens were grouped as "normal," "high-up," and "low-down" auricular surface-bearing sacra. All bones were also scrutinized for the presence of accessory articulating facets on the ala of the sacrum and sacralization of the L-5 segment or lumbarization of the S-1 segment. Seven dimensions and 5 articular areas were measured in all sacra. Nine indices were calculated to show proportional representation of dimensions and areas in the bones. Obtained data were analyzed for differences in groups of sacra bearing different auricular surface positions. Results: Thirty-nine of the sacra (13%) showed auricular surfaces that occupied a high-up position (from upper S-1 to low S-2 segments). Forty-four of the sacra (15%) exhibited a low-down auricular surface (from the low S-1 to low S-3 sacral segments). The remaining bones demonstrated a normal position of the surface (from the S-1 to the middle of the S-3 segments). Twenty of the high-up sacra demonstrated unilateral or bilateral accessory articulating facets on the alae that articulated with extended transverse processes of the L-5 vertebrae. The low-down sacra transmitted load predominantly via lower (S2-3) segments and exhibited stouter, broader, and efficient weight-bearing lower sacral elements, and a prominent gap between the S-1 segment and the rest of the sacrum. The high-up sacra: 1) were shorter and broader in comparison with the normal sacra; 2) at times presented accessory articular facets on their alae; 3) had a smaller body span and a wider ala; 4) were found to have the plane of the facet joints nearer to the posterior aspect of the S-1 body; and 5) had the smallest of the facet areas. The low-down sacra were longer than they were broad, had a substantially broad body span at S-1, possessed the smallest interauricular distance, and showed considerable depth of the plane of the facet joints. Conclusions: The position of the auricular surface varies in human sacra. These variations are associated with differential load bearing at the sacral joints. Only the high-up sacra demonstrated the presence of accessory articulating facets between L-5 and S-1. The position of the auricular surface can explain or possibly predict low-back pain situations. Source


Mahato N.K.,Sri Aurobindo Institute of Medical science
Neurosurgical focus | Year: 2010

OBJECT: Although the area at the auricular surface defines the magnitude of weight transmission to the hip bones, this study proposes that the position of the auricular surfaces may also significantly influence load bearing patterns at the sacrum. This study attempts to investigate and classify variable positions of the auricular surfaces that may cause vertical shifts in weight-bearing patterns between the L-5 and S-1 segments, altering weight distribution at the lumbosacral and sacroiliac regions. METHODS: Three hundred human sacra were studied to determine the position and extent of their auricular surfaces in relation to the sacral segments. Specimens were grouped as "normal," "high-up," and "low-down" auricular surface-bearing sacra. All bones were also scrutinized for the presence of accessory articulating facets on the ala of the sacrum and sacralization of the L-5 segment or lumbarization of the S-1 segment. Seven dimensions and 5 articular areas were measured in all sacra. Nine indices were calculated to show proportional representation of dimensions and areas in the bones. Obtained data were analyzed for differences in groups of sacra bearing different auricular surface positions. RESULTS: Thirty-nine of the sacra (13%) showed auricular surfaces that occupied a high-up position (from upper S-1 to low S-2 segments). Forty-four of the sacra (15%) exhibited a low-down auricular surface (from the low S-1 to low S-3 sacral segments). The remaining bones demonstrated a normal position of the surface (from the S-1 to the middle of the S-3 segments). Twenty of the high-up sacra demonstrated unilateral or bilateral accessory articulating facets on the alae that articulated with extended transverse processes of the L-5 vertebrae. The low-down sacra transmitted load predominantly via lower (S2-3) segments and exhibited stouter, broader, and efficient weight-bearing lower sacral elements, and a prominent gap between the S-1 segment and the rest of the sacrum. The high-up sacra: 1) were shorter and broader in comparison with the normal sacra; 2) at times presented accessory articular facets on their alae; 3) had a smaller body span and a wider ala; 4) were found to have the plane of the facet joints nearer to the posterior aspect of the S-1 body; and 5) had the smallest of the facet areas. The low-down sacra were longer than they were broad, had a substantially broad body span at S-1, possessed the smallest interauricular distance, and showed considerable depth of the plane of the facet joints. CONCLUSIONS: The position of the auricular surface varies in human sacra. These variations are associated with differential load bearing at the sacral joints. Only the high-up sacra demonstrated the presence of accessory articulating facets between L-5 and S-1. The position of the auricular surface can explain or possibly predict low-back pain situations. Source

Discover hidden collaborations