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Sibyl S.,SRM University | Bennadi D.,Sree Siddhartha Dental College and Hospital | Kshetrimayum N.,West Health Institute
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences

The concept of Quarantine dates back to A.D.549 during the time of the Epidemics of bubonic plague and recently it was used in the Influenza A(H1N1) pandemic in 2009. Quarantine and other public health practices provide effective and valuable ways to control communicable disease outbreaks and public anxiety. It is done when someone has been exposed to a contagious disease and it is not yet known if they have caught it, they may be quarantined or separated from others who have not been exposed to the disease, disease spread cannot be prevented by other means, such as by post-exposure prophylaxis (e.g., SARS) and or when exposed individuals refuse other disease prevention means, such as vaccination (e.g., smallpox).With the emerging new challenges posed in the twenty-first century by the increasing risk for the emergence and rapid spread of infectious diseases, quarantine and other public health tools remain central to public health preparedness. But these measures, by their nature, require vigilant attention to avoid causing prejudice and intolerance. In the face of a dramatic health crisis, individual rights have often been trampled in the name of public good. The use of segregation or isolation to separate persons suspected of being infected has frequently violated the liberty of outwardly healthy persons, most often from lower classes, and ethnic and marginalized minority groups have been stigmatized and have faced discrimination. Source

Bennadi D.,Sree Siddhartha Dental College and Hospital | Konekeri V.,Navodaya Dental College and Hospital
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences

Quackery is a derogatory term used to describe the fraudulent misinterpretation of the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Quackery is prevalent in dentistry due to lack of awareness about dentistry, high charges or unequal distribution of dentists. A quack could be a self styled expert, making himself out to be the director or president of an important sounding scientific society. But the quack differs from the ethical practitioner in that the quack's basic tools are incompetence and fraud. Many quacks are practicing on roadside as denturists and making money by fixing artificial teeth or extracted teeth as such on edentulous sites. It is high time for the dentists to tackle quackery both for the health of patients and save this prestigious profession. Source

Bennadi D.,Sree Siddhartha Dental College and Hospital | Kashinath K.R.,Sree Siddhartha Dental College and Hospital | Kshetrimayum N.,General Hospital | Reddy V.,West Health Institute
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences

Professional Hazards are becoming an impending health problem in various specialties and dentists are no exception because of the nature of the stressful work they perform. Dentists are constantly exposed to a number of specific occupational hazards, which develop and intensify with years. Relying on relevant literature, the present paper discusses occupational hazards in the following categories like physical, chemical, biological, psychological and legal hazards. Awareness regarding these occupational hazards and implementation of preventive strategies can provide a safe working environment for all the dental personnel. There is also a need for continuing dental education programs in dentistry so that dentists can update themselves with the latest and newer techniques and materials. Source

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