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Nishanth T.,Sree Krishna College Guruvayur | Praseed K.M.,Sir Syed College | Satheesh Kumar M.K.,Government Brennen College | Valsaraj K.T.,Louisiana State University
Aerosol and Air Quality Research | Year: 2014

This paper presents the results of measurements of the surface ozone (O3), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), methane (CH4) and total non-methane hydrocarbons (TNMHCs) in a rural coastal location at Kannur (11.9°N, 75.4°E, 5 m asl), India from November 2009 to December 2011. The diurnal cycle for surface O3 had a peak in the afternoon and declined during nighttime. The maximum and minimum mixing ratio of surface O3 was observed in winter and monsoon seasons respectively. NOx concentration was high during mid-night to early morning and low during noontime. The diurnal variations of mixing ratios for NOx and O3 were anti-correlated. Monthly average maximum (2.26 ± 0.44 ppmv) and minimum (0.43 ± 0.19 ppmv) CH4 concentrations were observed in December and August respectively. The diurnal variations of CH4 were similar to that of NOx. A CH4 buildup was observed during early morning hours throughout the observational period. On an annual basis, the maximum, minimum and average total NMHCs were (25.45 ± 6.58 ppbv), (13.84 ± 4.31 ppbv), and (19.23 ± 5.56 ppbv) respectively at the observational site. Analysis of O3, NO, NO2, CH4 and NMHC have been carried out and the correlation between O3 and its precursors is discussed detailed. Further, the diurnal variation of O3 over a free tropospheric region at Ooty, a hill station lying in the Western Ghats region of south India on clear sky days in February 2011 is also reported for a comparison. © Taiwan Association for Aerosol Research.


Nishanth T.,Sree Krishna College Guruvayur | Praseed K.M.,Sir Syed College | Kumar M.K.S.,Government Brennen College | Valsaraj K.T.,Louisiana State University
Atmospheric Research | Year: 2014

This paper presents the results of the continuous measurements of surface ozone (O3), oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and methane (CH4) in a rural coastal location at Kannur (11.9°N, 75.4°E, 5m AMSL), India from November 2009 to December 2012. The maximum and minimum mixing ratios of surface O3 were observed in winter and monsoon seasons respectively. NOx concentration was high during mid-night to early morning and low during noontime. The diurnal variations of mixing ratios for NOx and O3 were anti-correlated. Monthly average maximum and minimum CH4 concentrations were observed in December and August respectively. The diurnal variations of CH4 were quite similar to that of NOx. A gradual build up of CH4 was observed during early morning hours of all days throughout the observational period. Further, the analyses of O3, NO, NO2 and NOx have been carried out and the correlation between O3 and its precursors is discussed in detail. The chemical analysis of air samples conducted to identify the main inorganic species present in air and their significance is presented. An attempt has been made to investigate the impact of concentration of Particulate Matter (PM10) present in the ambient air on the production of surface O3 at this location to explore the influence of PM10 on surface O3. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

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