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Alam M.N.,Sree Balaji Dental College
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2011

Introduction: Local anesthetics have been in use in dental practice for more than 100 years. The advent of local anesthetics with the development of nerve blockade injection techniques heralded a new era of patient comfort while permitting more extensive and invasive dental procedures. Discussion: Today's availability of a variety of local anesthetic agents enables dentists to select an anesthetic that possesses specific properties such as time of onset and duration, hemostatic control and degree of cardiac side effects that are appropriate for each individual patient and for each specific dental procedure. The ease of the technique is its advantage and disadvantage should always be considered before its acceptance. Conclusion: The importance of this review was to bring about awareness among the general clinician who have to use multiple injection for any treatment to be performed in the maxillary arch. The non compliance of the treatment on the maxillary arch is usually due to these factors. Hence introducing this technique can help patient compliance as well ease for the clinician. Also the duration of treatment is reduced. Source

Manikandan S.,Sree Balaji Medical College | Nazish Alam M.D.,Sree Balaji Dental College
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2012

We have described a case in which a fragment of a fractured incisor was embedded in the upper lip. This case report emphasizes the need for a thorough clinical and a radiographic examination in all cases of soft tissue injuries which accompany a dental trauma. An early diagnosis and the surgical removal of these fragments could prevent undesirable foreign body reactions and scarring. Source

Prasanth K.,Tamil University | Ramachandran K.,Tamil University | Dhanavelu P.,Sree Balaji Dental College | Arumugam G.,Tamil University
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health | Year: 2015

Sexually transmitted infections have become a major public health problem in the global scenario. Use of contraceptives such as condoms can prevent exchange of body fluids thereby preventing transmission of certain sexually transmitted infections, however many other sexually transmitted infections gets transmitted through direct body contact. Pediculosis pubis is an uncommon sexually transmitted infection caused by the obligate ectoparasite Phthirus pubisor Crab lice. This case report of a 21 years old male patient who presented with submandibular lymphadenopathy and multiple erythematous macules on his face, chest and pubic region. He gave a history of multiple sexual exposures. Further examination and investigations revealed it to be a case of Pediculosis pubis. This parasite was collected, examined macroscopically, microscopically, and morphologically identified as Phthirus pubis. Source

Suresh S.,Thaimoogambigai Dental College | Mahendra J.,Meenakshiammal Dental College | Singh G.,Sree Balaji Dental College | Pradeep A.R.,Thaimoogambigai Dental College | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2016

Introduction: Resistin is an adipocyte derived hormone that has been shown to play a substantial role in the development of insulin resistance. Resistin acts as a pro-inflammatory molecule and stimulates the synthesis and secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Recent studies have reported the association of Gingival Crevicular Fluid (GCF) resistin levels with periodontal condition. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess and compare the GCF resistin levels in obese subjects with periodontal health and disease and to correlate the disease severity with GCF resistin levels. Materials and Methods: Ninety subjects of both the sexes with age between 20–45 years were selected for the study and were categorized into four groups: 25 obese or overweight subjects with generalized chronic periodontitis (Group-I), 25 obese or overweight subjects with healthy periodontium (Group-II), 25 non-obese subjects with generalized chronic periodontitis (Group-III) and 15 non obese subjects with healthy periodontium (Group-IV). The demographic variables like age, Body Mass Index (BMI), Waist Circumference (WC) were recorded and the clinical periodontal parameters such as Plaque Index (PI), Gingival Index (GI), and Clinical Attachment Level (CAL) were also assessed in all the groups. GCF was collected and assessed for resistin levels. Results: The mean GCF resistin levels in Groups I, II, III & IV were 15.14, 9.06, 12.74 and 5.41 ng/dl respectively and the difference in mean GCF resistin level was statistically significant with the p-value<0.001. The mean GCF resistin levels in Group-I was higher compared to Group II and III and the differences in mean GCF resistin levels were statistically significant. GCF resistin levels were positively correlated with BMI, WC and CAL in Group I and CAL correlated with GCF resistin in Group III and this correlation was statistically significant. Conclusion: From our study we report that obese subjects with periodontitis have more GCF resistin levels compared to non-obese subjects with healthy periodontium. © 2016, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All Rights reserved. Source

Konchada J.,Chhattisgarh Dental College and Research Institute | Karthigeyan S.,Rajah Muthiah Dental College and Hospital | Asharaf Ali S.,Rajah Muthiah Dental College and Hospital | Venkateshwaran R.,Sree Balaji Dental College | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2013

Statement of problem: Disinfection of prostheses with chemical solutions has deleterious effects on dentures. The appropriate power setting of microwave for disinfection, without affecting denture base properties, is a controversy. Purpose: To evaluate and compare the effect of simulated microwave disinfection at a recommended power setting on the mechanical properties of three denture base heat polymerized acrylic resins. Material and Methods: Ninety rectangular specimens of each acrylic resin of 65mm × 10mm × 3 mm dimensions were divided into three groups. Group A (Trevalon), Group B (Trevalon- HI), Group C (Ivocap). In each group, thirty specimens were divided into three subgroups with ten specimens in each and they were submitted to MicroVickers hardness, flexural strength, and impact strength tests. In each subgroup, five specimens were tested before the simulated microwave disinfection and they served as the control group. The remaining five were tested after simulated microwave disinfection and they were considered as the experimental group. Simulated microwave disinfection was done in a domestic microwave oven at 650 W for 5 minutes. Results: The data were analyzed using One-way ANOVA and t-test. The mechanical properties of the three denture base resins were not altered after simulated microwave disinfection, as compared to those of the controls. Conclusion: Microwave irradiation at 650 W for 5 min did not affect the mechanical properties of the three denture base resins. Domestic microwave oven, at the prescribed setting, can be used as an alternative method of disinfection for complete dentures without affecting their properties. Source

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