PubMed | Indira Gandhi Dental College, Sree Balaji Dental College and Kamineni Institute of Medical science
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society | Year: 2016
The primary factor that determines the success of implant is the amount of available bone in the edentulous site. Diagnostic imaging and techniques help to develop and implement a cohesive and comprehensive treatment plan according to the available bone. In the following case report an innovative simplified method (poor man CT) is used to fabricate a three dimensional model to assess the available bone for implant placement in mandible.
PubMed | Vivekanandha Dental College for Women, Tagore Dental College, Sree Balaji Dental College, Madha Dental College and Hospital and Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of pharmacy & bioallied sciences | Year: 2015
Denture markers play an important role in forensic odontology and also in identifying a person. A number of methods are there for identifying dentures from a less expensive technique to a more expensive technique. Out of different denture markers, the bar-coding system is a way of collecting data from the mobile. Even a huge amount of data can be stored in that. It can be easily incorporated during acrylization of the denture and thus could be helpful in identification. This article reviews the strengths of bar-coding and how easily it can be used in the routine procedure.
Mani Sundar N.,Sree Balaji Dental College |
Krishnan V.,Rajah Muthaih Dental College |
Krishnaraj S.,Rajah Muthaih Dental College |
Hemalatha V.T.,Sree Balaji Dental College |
Alam M.N.,Sree Balaji Dental College
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2013
Background and Objectives: Nitric oxide (NO) is a ubiquitous intercellular messenger molecule with important cardiovascular, neurological, and immune functions. In addition, it has been postulated that the pharmacological inhibition of NO or its actions may be therapeutically valuable in the disease management. The levels of nitric oxide may provide clues about the severity and the state of the underlying disease process. It could be an inflammatory biomarker that may enable clinicians to direct the environmentally based prevention or treatment programmes and to establish whether NO plays a role in the pathogenesis of periodontitis or not. Hence, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the salivary and the serum levels of NO in generalized chronic and aggressive periodontitis. The Study Design: Unstimulated whole saliva and serum samples were collected from a total of 60 subjects who were in the age group of 18-45 years, who participated in this study. They were divided into three equal groups with 20 subjects in each group; group A (healthy controls), group B (chronic periodontitis) and group C (aggressive periodontitis). The clinical parameters were assessed, based on the oral hygiene index simplified (OHI-S), the gingival index (GI), the probing pocket depth and the clinical attachment loss (CAL). A biochemical analysis was performed to evaluate and compare the salivary and the serum nitric oxide levels of the above groups. Statistical Analysis and Results: The statistical comparisons were done under the Griess Reaction. There were statistically significant salivary and serum levels of NO in the groups of periodontitis (group B and C) as compared to those in the healthy controls (group A). A significant positive correlation was found between the values of the salivary and the serum NO levels in chronic and aggressive periodontitis. Conclusion: Nitric oxide is a potent modulator of the inflammatory disease processes and under pathological conditions, NO has damaging effects. As there is a paucity in the studies which have compared chronic and aggressive periodontitis, this study paved an interest for combining the serum and the salivary analysis in comparing the levels of nitric oxide in chronic and aggressive periodontitis.
Subbiya A.,Sree Balaji Dental College |
Geethapriya N.,Sree Balaji Dental College |
Rajasekaran Pradeepkumar A.,JKK Nataraja Dental College and Hospital |
Vivekanandhan P.,Sree Balaji Dental College
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2013
Dens invaginatus is a developmental malformation resulting from the invagination of enamel organ into the dental papilla. Management of dens invaginatus is an endodontic challenge. Presence of calcified canals in dens invaginatus makes it even more complicated. Modification of the treatment plan is required to treat such cases. This case report deals with the management of a Type II Dens Invaginatus in a lateral incisor with calcified canals.
Manikandan S.,Sree Balaji Medical College |
Nazish Alam M.D.,Sree Balaji Dental College
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2012
We have described a case in which a fragment of a fractured incisor was embedded in the upper lip. This case report emphasizes the need for a thorough clinical and a radiographic examination in all cases of soft tissue injuries which accompany a dental trauma. An early diagnosis and the surgical removal of these fragments could prevent undesirable foreign body reactions and scarring.
Kumaresan R.,AIMST University |
Ponnusami K.,AIMST University |
Karthikeyan P.,Sree Balaji Dental College
Craniomaxillofacial Trauma and Reconstruction | Year: 2014
The treatment of maxillofacial fractures involves different methods from bandages and splinting to methods of open reduction and internal fixation and usually requires control of the dental occlusion with the help of intermaxillary fixation (IMF). Different wiring techniques have been used to aid in IMF including placement of custom-made arch bars, eyelet etc. However, these wiring techniques are with a constant danger of trauma to the surgeon's fingers by their sharp ends. Though there exist a variety of commercially available barrier products and customized techniques to prevent wire-stick injury, cost factor, touch sensitivity, and comfort aspect restrain their acquirement and exploit. This technical note describes the construction of a simple and economical finger guardmade of soft thermoplastic material that provides an added protection to fingers from wirestick type injuries, and its flexible nature permits a comfortable finger flexion movement and acceptable touch sensitivity. This is a simple, economical, reusable puncture, and cut-resistance figure guard by which we can avoid wire-stick type injury to the operator's fingers during wiring technique. Copyright © 2014 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc.
PubMed | Sree Balaji Dental College and AIMST University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of forensic dental sciences | Year: 2016
Age estimation is of prime importance in forensic science and clinical dentistry. Age estimation based on teeth development is one reliable approach. Many radiographic methods are proposed on the Western population for estimating dental age, and a similar assessment was found to be inadequate in Malaysian population. Hence, this study aims at formulating a regression model for dental age estimation in Malaysian children population using Camerieres method.Orthopantomographs of 421 Malaysian children aged between 5 and 16 years involving all the three ethnic origins were digitalized and analyzed using Camerieres method of age estimation. The subjects age was modeled as a function of the morphological variables, gender (g), ethnicity, sum of normalized open apices (s), number of tooth with completed root formation (N0) and the first-order interaction between s and N0.The variables that contributed significantly to the fit were included in the regression model, yielding the following formula: Age = 11.368-0.345g + 0.553No -1.096s - 0.380s.No, where g is a variable, 1 for males and 2 for females. The equation explained 87.1% of total deviance.The results obtained insist on reframing the original Camerieres formula to suit the population of the nation specifically. Further studies are to be conducted to evaluate the applicability of this formula on a larger sample size.
Alam M.N.,Sree Balaji Dental College
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2011
Introduction: Local anesthetics have been in use in dental practice for more than 100 years. The advent of local anesthetics with the development of nerve blockade injection techniques heralded a new era of patient comfort while permitting more extensive and invasive dental procedures. Discussion: Today's availability of a variety of local anesthetic agents enables dentists to select an anesthetic that possesses specific properties such as time of onset and duration, hemostatic control and degree of cardiac side effects that are appropriate for each individual patient and for each specific dental procedure. The ease of the technique is its advantage and disadvantage should always be considered before its acceptance. Conclusion: The importance of this review was to bring about awareness among the general clinician who have to use multiple injection for any treatment to be performed in the maxillary arch. The non compliance of the treatment on the maxillary arch is usually due to these factors. Hence introducing this technique can help patient compliance as well ease for the clinician. Also the duration of treatment is reduced.
PubMed | Meenakshiammal Dental College, Sree Balaji Dental College and Thaimoogambigai Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Indian journal of dental research : official publication of Indian Society for Dental Research | Year: 2016
Obesity represents the systemic condition capable of influencing the onset and progression of periodontal disease. Obesity is associated with oxidative stress. Plasma level of reactive oxidative metabolites (ROMs) is measured as an indicator of oxidative stress in the body. The aim of this study is to assess and compare the plasma ROM levels in obese subjects with healthy and inflammatory periodontal status.Sixty subjects selected were grouped as 15 obese or overweight subjects with generalized chronic periodontitis, 15 obese or overweight subjects with generalized chronic gingivitis, 15 obese or overweight subjects with healthy periodontium, and 15 nonobese and healthy periodontium. The clinical periodontal parameters such as plaque index, gingival index, probing pocket depth, and clinical attachment level were measured. Blood samples were obtained to measure the plasma levels of ROM.In this study, obese subjects with chronic periodontitis (Group I) had mean plasma ROM levels (442.3 15.65 Carratelli unit [CARR U]) showing 100% subjects with high oxidative stress. Obese subjects with chronic gingivitis (Group II) had mean plasma ROM levels (358.7 20.61 CARR U) indicating 86.7% subjects with oxidative stress. Obese subjects with healthy periodontium (Group III) had 46.7% subjects with slight oxidative stress, and the mean ROM level was 320.2 17.57. Nonobese subjects with healthy periodontium (Group IV) had 80% of subjects with normal oxidative stress and the mean plasma ROM level was 296.9 20.35 CARR U. The intra- and inter-group comparison showed significant difference (P < 0.001). From our study, we report that obese subjects with periodontitis have more oxidative stress compared to obese subjects with healthy periodontium.
PubMed | Sree Balaji Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2014
Orthognathic Le Fort 1 osteotomy, a surgical procedure performed to correct the aesthetics of mid face. Some of the complications of this surgery are hemorrhage, loss of sensation due to facial nerve damage, nasal septum deviation leading to crooked nose and snoring. Nasal septum deviation is the most common complication and one of the most noticeable complications that is developed during the Le Fort 1 osteotomy.To ascertain that Submental Intubation in Orthognathic Le Fort 1 Osteotomy combats Nasal septum Deviation.Medical records and clinical data of 32 patients who underwent orthognathic Le Fort 1 Osteotomy under submental orotracheal intubation were analyzed to understand if nasal septum deviation and other complications of Le Fort 1 Osteotomy occurred in such cases based on 6 parameters.No complications of nasal septum deviation or other complications thats associated with orthognathic Le Fort 1 Osteotomy were found in the 32 cases that were analyzed.The surgeon needs to have a non-obtrusive nasal canal so as to determine the extent to which the nasal septum needs to be reduced so that it does not cause nasal septum deviation post the procedure. Submental oratracheal intubation provides the surgeon with an excellent view of the operating field, enough space for intra oral manipulation of the bone and septum for intra oral operation and control of dental occlusion.Submental intubation is a better method of intubation during Le Fort 1 osteotomy as it does not cause nasal septum deviation or other associated complications.