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Denoon R.O.,Spruce Inc. | Kwok K.C.S.,University of Western Sydney
Wind and Structures, An International Journal | Year: 2011

While there are a number of guidelines used throughout the world in the assessment of acceptability of tall building accelerations, none are based on systematically conducted surveys of occupant reaction to wind-induced motion. In this study, occupant response data were gathered by both a self-reporting mechanism and by interviewer-conducted surveys in control tower structures over a period of four years. These two approaches were designed in conjunction with experimental psychologists to ensure unbiased reporting. The data allowed analysis of perception thresholds and tolerability at different building frequencies and in different wind climates. The long-term nature of the studies also allowed an investigation of the causes and effects of adaptation to building motion. As the surveys were designed to allow multiple use during single storms, the effects of exposure duration were investigated. A final exit survey was conducted at the primary survey location to investigate views of the acceptability of windinduced motion and the factors underlying these views. The findings of the field studies indicate that none of the currently used acceleration guidelines address all of the factors that contribute to occupant dissatisfaction. An alternative framework for assessing acceleration acceptability is proposed. Source


Elvebak L.E.,Spruce Inc.
Bioanalysis | Year: 2011

The final product of analytical laboratories performing US FDA-regulated (or GLP) method validation and bioanalysis studies is the final report. Although there are commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) software/instrument systems available to laboratory managers to automate and manage almost every aspect of the instrumental and sample-handling processes of GLP studies, there are few software systems available to fully manage the GLP final report preparation process. This lack of appropriate COTS tools results in the implementation of rather Byzantine and manual processes to cobble together all the information needed to generate a GLP final report. The manual nature of these processes results in the need for several iterative quality control and quality assurance events to ensure data accuracy and report formatting. The industry is in need of a COTS solution that gives laboratory managers and study directors the ability to manage as many portions as possible of the GLP final report writing process and the ability to generate a GLP final report with the click of a button. This article describes the COTS software features needed to give laboratory managers and study directors such a solution. © 2011 Future Science Ltd. Source


Cochran L.,Spruce Inc. | Derickson R.,The Innovation Group
Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics | Year: 2011

A Panel Discussion was held at CWE2010 to promote a conversation on the topic of how Computational Wind Engineering (CWE) can become a commonplace tool in the various subdisciplines of wind engineering (structural loading, dispersion, sediment transport, ventilation and wind power) to complement, and eventually replace, physical modeling. Where may CWE be confidently used currently? What further development and validation, as opposed to calibration, of CWE is needed to result in its viable future? The authors have seen the slow merging of computational and physical modeling in recent years in hybrid practical applications. Physical modeling went through some decades of validation, focusing on full-scale pressures, loads and top-floor accelerations, to gain increased confidence in the small-scale modeling of buildings and structures in a boundary-layer wind tunnel. Such studies in the wind tunnel have their well-known and quantified discrepancies, but at least the practitioners know what is reasonably doable and what is not (some good examples may be found in Surry Ho and Kopp, 2003). Perhaps it is time for CWE to move down a similar path, using the experience of the physical modelers as a guide in its evolution. As with any advancement in technology, the economics and analytical rigor of CWE are what will determine its ultimate success. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Trademark
Spruce Inc. | Date: 2016-02-12

Software for use on computers and mobile devices by solar energy, energy efficiency and management professionals such as distributors, retailers, builders, installers and sales professional to manage their businesses in the areas of analyzing, quoting, financing and installing alternative energy systems, energy efficiency improvements, home improvements, water efficient landscaping and home maintenance; computer software for use in customer relationship management (CRM) in the field of alternative energy systems, energy efficiency improvements, home improvements and water efficient landscaping and home maintenance and energy efficiency; computer e-commerce software to allow users to perform electronic business transactions via a global computer network; downloadable webinars in the fields of financing, leasing, design and installation of consumer premises energy-related equipment, home improvement, water efficient landscaping and home maintenance; apparatus for converting electronic radiation to electrical energy, namely, photovoltaic solar hybrid modules; electronic sensors for measuring solar radiation; photovoltaic cells also including a solar thermal collector sold as a unit; electronic devices for energy production and energy use monitoring, control, and automation; computer software for financing clean energy production and energy savings and management systems and for analyzing, quoting, and managing such systems in residential homes, commercial properties, and consumer premises; computer software for use in business management and by installers and sales professionals in the fields of solar energy, energy efficiency improvements, home improvements, water efficient landscaping and home maintenance; computer software for sales management; electronic devices, namely, energy submeters for tracking and monitoring energy usage; electronic apparatus, firmware, and software, all for use in accessing weather information, and in monitoring and controlling irrigation systems; electronic apparatus, firmware, and software, all for use in providing security and monitoring services; electronic apparatus, firmware, and software, all for use in in monitoring and controlling clean energy production systems and energy usage. Solar collectors; solar energy receivers; heating systems for residential and commercial buildings comprised of boilers, valves, pipes, manifolds, solar panels, control panel, switches and electrical wire, all sold as a unit; solar light fixtures, namely, indoor and outdoor solar powered lighting units and fixtures; solar-powered cooling units; photovoltaic solar modules for production of electricity; solar panels for production of electricity; energy storage plants. Installation referral services in the field of clean solar power and other resource efficient or effective equipment; referral services for installers of solar and renewable energy equipment for homes, commercial properties, and consumer premises; business risk management consultation in the field of energy production, energy storage, energy efficiency and conservation equipment, related home improvements and other home improvements, renewable resources, water, solar, and internet of things; outsourcing services in the nature of arranging service contracts for others in the field of clean energy production systems, energy storage, energy efficiency and conservation equipment in residential homes, commercial properties, and consumer premises; billing services in the field of clean power systems in residential homes, commercial properties, and consumer premises; providing information in the field of time management for business purposes; value engineering, namely, cost analysis in the nature of cost estimation services for clean power products and systems; consultation and information in the field of energy storage, energy efficiency and conservation equipment, related home improvements and other home improvements, renewable resources, water, solar, and internet of things. Financing services, namely, providing financing and financial loan consultation in the fields of solar energy, renewable energy sources, energy storage, energy efficiency and conservation equipment, related home improvements and other home improvements, renewable resources, water, solar, and internet of things devices and service; cost estimation services for clean energy production products and systems, energy efficiency equipment and conservation equipment; financing services in the field of alternative energy systems, energy storage, energy efficiency and conservation equipment, related home improvements and other home improvements, renewable resources, water, solar, and internet of things; providing a website featuring educational information in the field of financing of solar and renewable energy sources, energy storage, energy efficiency and conservation equipment, related home improvements and other home improvements, renewable resources, water, solar, and internet of things; financing of power equipment for homes, commercial properties, and consumer premises; financial risk management consultation in the field of energy storage, energy efficiency and conservation equipment, related home improvements and other home improvements, renewable resources, water, solar, and internet of things; financial investment services, namely, administering the issuance, underwriting and distribution of securities; financial asset management in the field of energy storage, energy efficiency and conservation equipment, related home improvements and other home improvements, renewable resources, water, solar, and internet of things; providing financing or arranging for third-party financing for customers as an incentive to promote energy efficiency projects and the purchase of energy-efficient equipment and appliances to increase energy efficiency and save natural resources. Installation and maintenance of solar energy based power plants; installation and maintenance of solar thermal installations; repair and installation of solar energy systems and alternative energy products for residential and commercial use; home energy assessment services for the purpose of determining home improvements needed to improve energy use and efficiency; consultation in the fields of construction, repair, maintenance and installation, rendering technical aid and assistance with home improvement projects, and retail home improvement stores; installation and maintenance of solar thermal installations; consultation in the fields of construction, repair, maintenance and installation of solar thermal installations, solar energy systems, alternative energy systems, and home improvements. Providing remote Internet access for the purpose of reporting, control, and third-party management of electrical power consumption, smart devices, connected appliances and systems. Leasing of solar and renewable energy equipment and power equipment for converting renewable resources into power; leasing of energy storage, energy efficiency and conservation equipment. Education services, namely, providing non-downloadable webinars in the fields of financing, design and installation of clean power consumer premises equipment; organizing and conducting seminars, workshops and events in the fields of financing, design and installation of clean power consumer premises equipment; education services, namely, providing non-downloadable webinars in the fields of financing, design, and installation of clean power consumer premises equipment. Application service provider featuring software for use by solar and renewable energy and energy efficiency and conservation systems professionals such as builders and installers to manage their businesses in the areas of analyzing, quoting, and financing of alternative energy systems and energy efficiency and conservation systems; application service provider, namely, providing temporary use of on-line non-downloadable computer software for use in customer relationship management (CRM) in the field of alternative energy systems and energy efficiency and conservation systems; application service provider featuring software for order fulfillment; technical support services, namely, troubleshooting of computer software problems; technical support services, namely, 24/7 monitoring of network systems, servers and web and database applications and notification of related events and alerts; application service provider featuring application programming interface (API) software; computer services, namely, providing an internet site featuring technology for use in energy production and energy use monitoring, control, and automation systems; computer services, namely, providing an internet site featuring technology that allows users to remotely interact with environmental monitoring, control, and automation systems; platform as a service (PAAS) featuring computer software platforms for use with environmental monitoring, control, and automation systems; software as a service (SAAS) services featuring computer software for use with environmental monitoring, control, and automation systems; research in the field of solar and renewable energy and energy efficiency and conservation, namely, providing comprehensive research data and analysis in the field of solar and renewable energy sources and energy efficiency and conservation. application service provider (ASP) featuring software for use in geo-visualization by solar professionals; technical support services, namely, troubleshooting of computer software problems; consulting services in the fields of energy measurement to improve energy efficiency; product research and development; product testing; providing information and consultation in the field of product testing, and providing reports on product testing results; innovation consulting services, namely, advising others in the areas of product development; new product design services; product design and development in the field of consumer goods; product development; product development for others; product development in the field of consumer goods; interior decorating consultation; rendering technical aid and assistance with home improvement projects, and retail home improvement stores; computer services, namely, application service provider, namely, hosting, managing, developing, and maintaining non-downloadable software applications, and websites in the field of solar and renewable energy and energy efficiency and conservation, electrical power consumption and smart device operation; providing temporary use of online non-downloadable software applications that allow users to access, collect, view, report, and remotely manage resource consumption, water consumption, gas consumption, electrical power consumption and smart device performance; database design and development; providing an online computer database in the field of website hosting and design; developing customized software for others, namely, the design, development, implementation, and management of internet of things software and service platforms for connectivity and the productization of smart devices, electronic components, appliances, and electronic systems; software as a service (SAAS) services, namely, hosting software for use by others in the accessing, reporting, and management of energy and water use and consumption in homes, offices and other physical locations. Providing information about drought tolerant landscape design and installation; home improvement center service; water and energy efficient landscape gardening design for others. Permitting, namely, obtaining environmental, design, zoning and other governmental permits for solar energy based power plants.


Banks D.,Spruce Inc.
World Renewable Energy Forum, WREF 2012, Including World Renewable Energy Congress XII and Colorado Renewable Energy Society (CRES) Annual Conferen | Year: 2012

The biggest impact of high winds on the solar industry may be from the failure, in the field, of products that were not properly designed for the wind forces that they undergo. This paper describes some of the most likely failure scenarios and how to avoid them. Wind-related failures will be due, in part, to the lack of good information about wind loads on various kinds of solar collectors. There is little applicable information in publicly available literature or in the building codes. This has led to conflicting requirements from lenders, building officials and structural engineers. This paper describes how to find applicable wind load information, either through a suitable study or in forthcoming literature. Copyright © (2012) by American Solar Energy Society. Source

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