The Spiru Haret University is a private university in Bucharest, Romania, founded in 1991 by the president of Tomorrow's Romania Foundation, Aurelian Gh. Bondrea, as part of the teaching activities of this foundation. The university claims this has been done according to the model used by Harvard University. The university bears the name of a scientist and reformer of the Romanian education, Spiru Haret, who lived before the Great War.On February 14, 2000, the university was accredited by the National Council of Academic Evaluation and Accreditation of Higher Education Institutions. The establishment of the university was confirmed by Law no. 443 of July 5, 2002 and this law has not been abolished.According to the data published by the university in July 2010, it has 30 faculties, with 49 specializations and 64 masters degree curricula, being according to the newspaper Financiarul the largest university in Romania. In 2009 enrollment was reported as 311,928 students. Referring to the number of its students, the newspaper mistakenly called it the largest university in the world. It is the second-largest private university in the world, after Islamic Azad University .Pope John Paul II and a former Romanian president, Ion Iliescu, have received honorary doctorates from the university.In 2011, the Spiru Haret University was officially evaluated as an "education-centered university", which is the third and lowest educational quality category of the Romanian universities. Education centered universities have lost the right of organizing new Master's and doctorate degrees studies.Many of the Spiru Haret University graduates became successful in the fields of law, education, architecture, banking and business. Most of the Romanian teachers, teaching in both private and public schools and one third of the registered lawyers in Romania are graduates of Spiru Haret University. Wikipedia.
Popescu-Bodorin N.,Spiru Haret University |
Balas V.E.,Aurel Vlaicu University
SOFA 2010 - 4th International Workshop on Soft Computing Applications, Proceedings | Year: 2010
This papers introduces a new family of iris encoders which use 2-dimensional Haar Wavelet Transform for noise attenuation, and Hilbert Transform to encode the iris texture. In order to prove the usefulness of the newly proposed iris encoding approach, the recognition results obtained by using these new encoders are compared to those obtained using the classical Log-Gabor iris encoder. Twelve tests involving single/multienrollment and conducted on Bath Iris Image Database are presented here. One of these tests achieves an Equal Error Rate comparable to the lowest value reported so far for this database. New Matlab tools for iris image processing are also released together with this paper: a second version of the Circular Fuzzy Iris Segmentator (CFIS2), a fast Log-Gabor encoder and two Haar-Hilbert based encoders. © 2010 IEEE.
Ilincuta L.-D.,Spiru Haret University
Metalurgia International | Year: 2013
Pursuing the reflection of the close image of the financial position of a company, and its performance leads to the entities obligation of estimating and recording the depreciation, the depreciation having a strong impact on both the result assessment and presentation of the balance sheet elements. The depreciation is also an obligation deriving from the prudency principle, as the economic unit that does not depreciate overrates its assets and results. The elements of depreciation are the depreciable value, depreciation duration and the depreciation methods.The issuing of the Accounting regulations in accordance with the International Financial Reporting Standards requires reviewing the depreciation methods "range" that can be used in Romania, as a consequence of the freedom in conformity imposed by the accounting standards and regulations on the one hand, and the fiscal regulations on the other hand. Pursuant to specialized literature and international accounting practices, a variety of depreciation methods can be used for the systematic allocation of the depreciable value of an asset during its depreciation duration, methods such as the lineal method, balance decrease method and production units method.
Stefanescu-Mihaila R.O.,Spiru Haret University
Sustainability (Switzerland) | Year: 2015
A few years have passed since the financial crisis began with the bankruptcy of the American Lehman Brothers bank and few dare predict the moment when we will overcome the crisis. Chaotic human resource policy in the Romanian economy and complex taxation have lowered our chances to overcome it. Excessive income tax, massive layoffs, not always dictated by real needs in the private sector, hesitation in the government regarding the reorganization of an oversized public sector and the low productivity are only some obstacles in overcoming the crisis. People are a very important factor in the production process and in the success of a company. It is essential that modern organizations rethink their strategies, make long-term investments, and invest in people. Success and survival on the market greatly depend on the understanding of these facts and managers must be aware of their importance. © 2015 by the author.
Isbasoiu E.C.,Spiru Haret University
Proceedings - 2011 2nd International Conference on Intelligent Systems, Modelling and Simulation, ISMS 2011 | Year: 2011
By definition, software application means all the existing physical media, and is opposed to the concept of hardware, because it is intangible. These applications are held after a certain consistency, usually on a physically support, a disk drive. The software allows the solving of mathematical problems that can be described mathematically, in order to solve mathematical problems. Software is used to numerically solving numerical problems, and it may result soft-ROMs used in different fields such as scientific, technical, physical. © 2011 IEEE.
Salca H.,Spiru Haret University |
Savescu D.,Transilvania University of Brasov
History of Mechanism and Machine Science | Year: 2016
After recalling the creation in 1925 and the rise of “Romanian Aeronautical Industry” (IAR) the most efficient plant in Romania during the period between the world wars this paper analyzes, in detail, its two periods of profound upheaval. The first in the context of the occupation of Romania by the Soviets and the establishment of the communist dictatorship sees the transformation of the IAR in tractor plants. The second, after December’89 in the process of exit from communism, is characterized by a long agony of the factory that ends with its liquidation. Until the end of the World War II, IAR produced more than 1,200 aircraft with over clean design and the other half under license: PZL (Poland), Fleet (US), and Savoia-Marchetti, Nardi (Italy), Fiesler-Storch and Messerschmitt (Germany). The Convention of the armistice with the Soviets was very strict and was only the beginning of a series of crimes (liquidation of elites) and abuse. Of these confiscated as compensation (followed by the nationalization) of certain industrial, removal or change of use to others etc. The latter case is illustrated perfectly by the IAR. In 1946, it changed its specialization, into producing tractors. The first was the IAR-22, a hybrid between Hanomag and Lanz Bulldog, followed by tracked Soviet models, KD and KDS. Early in 1960, appearing on the market the first fully Romanian tractor design, as well equipped with Fiat engines. The plant has grown, reaching a production capacity of 32,000 tractors per year, with 24.000 employees, having a good price on the market (11.000 USD in comparison with others, e.g. John Deere—25.000 USD). After December 1989, the situation of the plant was constantly deteriorated and often, employees of the factory took to the streets to express their discontent. In 2002, the company was still producing 4000 tractors. In 2004, it was close to the privatization; the potential buyer was the Italian Landini Group, or Mahindra. For different reasons (it’s difficult to find a real reason) the privatization did not take place. In 2007 the plant was closed, entering in a process of liquidation and its assets were purchased by Flavus Invest Ltd. of Bucharest, owned by the British Investment Fund Capital Partener Centera. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016.
Bogdanoiu C.,Spiru Haret University
Journal of Applied Economic Sciences | Year: 2011
Any company, regardless of its size should prove permanent operating power, adaptability, and to face competition, even if the economic and social transformation is in full. Or, this requires recognition at all levels of the role of accounting in its complexity, that financial accounting and management accounting.If the general ledger provides information processed unit, making contact with the enterprise environment, decision-making at managerial level is only possible after receipt of the information they need, or these information are provided by the management accounting, that receives, records and analyse the internal accounting dates. Management accounting organization is not subject to uniform rules, but its organization is required, because management accounting must have an unitary character to facilitate the control of management and effective use of heritage unit. In food industry of manufacturing dairy products analytical record of production costs is very important for cost calculation. Determining these costs on carriers and areas of expenditure, based on documentary evidence, strengthens the position of current analytical record of production costs, and calculating and determining their volume, allows the elaboration of concrete measures on factories, departments and workplaces, by training teams of research and planning, forecasting, organization and tracking of production, labor productivity, supply-dissolution in financial accounting, as well as in other business departments.
Matei I.V.,Spiru Haret University |
Ungureanu L.,Spiru Haret University
Environmental Engineering and Management Journal | Year: 2014
In the context of the complexity of the environmental system, this paper addresses the problem of environmental modeling, considering the global aspects of sustainability as well as the linkage between environmental and economic issues. The survey on integrated modeling highlights that the complexity of the environmental problems should be approached on the basis of multidisciplinary cooperation and studies. Furthermore, the European environmental standards and products quality standards impose to various actors and stakeholders rethinking their policies, as well as upgrading their production technologies to offer a number of competitive advantages, especially in foreign markets. Therefore, the present work analyses the integrated modeling of economic and environmental problems associated with difficulties of a long transition to a sustainable, smart and inclusive economy, which should contribute decisively to the development of new decision-making approaches and supports necessary for decision and policy making. The environmental modeling context is addressed by considering the system under study as a whole, including organically the interaction between constituent parts when quantitative processing is applied, just as it actually corresponds to actual behaviour. Also, integrated environmental modeling is discussed in the largest context of environmental and economic decision making and policies. Some problems associated to modelling in pollution prevention and control are analyzed, considering the modelling of pollutants fate and dispersion in the environment, environmental impact of production and consumption, modelling in environmental remediation and clean-up, as well as modelling approaches on the relationship between economic development, pollution control and costs and benefits in environmental purification. It is highlighted that models offer a support for understanding environmental behavior and forecasting the effects of actions developed for environmental remediation and pollution mitigation. The main upshot is that the translation of results in practice as support for decision and policies making in socio-economic, social and environmental systems should be an intrinsic part of the modeling process, instead of being separated from it.
Simionescu S.,Spiru Haret University
Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism | Year: 2014
The formation, structure and size of expenditures and revenues depend heavily on technological and organizational and technical peculiarities, and the industry in which the entity. This finding explains why entities varies from one industry to another and even within the same industry which, whether in certain types of expenditure and revenue, whether it generates economic operations have a different weight which leads to structure and different size of expenditure and revenue. © 2014 ASERS Publishing House. All rights reserved.
Stanciulescu D.,Spiru Haret University
European Journal of Science and Theology | Year: 2016
If the knowing subject promoted by modernity would unconditionally trust universal reason, neglecting the cultural and language differences, postmodernity finds mediation between world and mind throughout language, as incredible. As a result of taking the idea according to which knowledge of reality is considered a structure, social or of a different nature, language becomes useful not for the representation of reality, but for the interpretation and continuous re-contextualization. Language is thus itself a contribution to the understanding of the object of research. One of the most pressing problems of contemporary Philosophy of religion is based on the controversies arising within the discussion on legitimacy of realistic or nonrealistic conceptions of religious language. Among the most fervent supporters of the nonrealistic conception stand D.Z. Phillips and Don Cupitt. In the ‘realistic camp’ we find Alston, Plantinga, Swinburne and Hick. Although radically different in approach, both realistic and nonrealistic criticism of religious language found today its most judgments on theory of language games, as indeed happens with the religious language postmodern theorists. And even if a unification of the two traditions can not occur because of the inability to identify the possibility of reconciliation for the realist and non-realist conceptions of God, philosophers like Rorty and others support the idea of interdisciplinarity. © 2016, Ecozone, OAIMDD. All rights reserved.
Popescu-Bodorin N.,Spiru Haret University |
Balas V.E.,Aurel Vlaicu University
SACI 2011 - 6th IEEE International Symposium on Applied Computational Intelligence and Informatics, Proceedings | Year: 2011
This paper discusses some topics related to the latest trends in the field of evolutionary approaches to iris recognition. It presents the results of an exploratory experimental simulation whose goal was to analyze the possibility of establishing an Interchange Protocol for Digital Identities evolved in different geographic locations interconnected through and into an Intelligent Iris Verifier Distributed System (IIVDS) based on multi-enrollment. Finding a logically consistent model for the Interchange Protocol is the key factor in designing the future large-scale iris biometric networks. Therefore, the logical model of such a protocol is also investigated here. All tests are made on Bath Iris Database and prove that outstanding power of discrimination between the intra- and the inter-class comparisons can be achieved by an IIVDS, even when practicing 52.759.182 inter-class and 10.991.943 intra-class comparisons. Still, the test results confirm that inconsistent enrollment can change the logic of recognition from a fuzzified 2-valent consistent logic of biometric certitudes to a fuzzified 3-valent inconsistent possibilistic logic of biometric beliefs justified through experimentally determined probabilities, or to a fuzzified 8-valent logic which is almost consistent as a biometric theory - this quality being counterbalanced by an absolutely reasonable loss in the user comfort level. © 2011 IEEE.