Kanayama M.,Spine Center
Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine | Year: 2013
The Xia 3 SUK Direct Vertebral Rotation (DVR) System was developed for performing the vertebral derotation maneuver in scoliosis surgery. The author applied this device to sagittal plane correction in pedicle subtraction osteotomy for adult spinal deformity. The surgical procedure included 1) preparing secure proximal and distal foundations for correction using mutisegmental pedicle screw-rod fixation (to avoid stress concentration to a specific screw-bone interface), 2) decancellating only the posterior two-thirds of the vertebral column, 3) providing supplemental interbody fusion above and below the osteotomy site (the anterior one-third of the vertebral column and interbody cages serve as an anterior column support and a pivot of correction), 4) closing the osteotomy by gradual approximation of SUK tubes secured to the proximal- and distal-most screw heads, and 5) connecting rods between the proximal and distal screw-rod constructs. Eight consecutive patients with fixed sagittal imbalance were treated using this surgical procedure. No patient required distal fixation points extending to the sacrum and/or pelvis. The sagittal plane correction was 43°. The mean anterior deviation of the C-7 plumb line was improved from 12.7 cm to 4.0 cm immediately after surgery, and it was 6.0 cm at the final follow-up. A pedicle subtraction osteotomy using the Xia 3 SUK DVR System ensures a safe and secure sagittal plane correction in adult spinal deformity.
Yuzawa Y.,Spine Center
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery | Year: 2011
Introduction: Retrospective clinical study has done concerning the outcomes of lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) patients treated with trans-interspinous ligament approach method. The object is to determine the efficacy of this procedure and to confirm that the interspinous ligament could be removed for the decompression surgery. Method: Seventy patients were treated with this method and 63 patients were followed up for more than 4 years. Operative time, blood loss, complications of surgery and further surgery were checked out. During the follow-up period, JOA score and lumbar spine X-ray were evaluated. Results: The average operative time was 51 min, average operative time per one level was 32 min, and the average blood loss was 57 ml. The recovery rate was excellent in 26, good in 24, fair in 8 and poor in 5 patients. Four of 63 patients (6.3%) needed further surgery and among them only 2 cases (3.2%) needed reoperation because of the instability of the operative levels. Conclusion: The trans-interspinous ligament procedure is a simple decompression method completed quickly and accomplishes absolute decompression for LSS. The interspinous ligament should be removed for decompression with a case of lumbar spinal canal stenosis. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.
Mannion A.F.,Spine Center |
Brox J.I.,University of Oslo |
Fairbank J.C.T.,University of Oxford
Spine Journal | Year: 2013
Background context Chronic low back pain (cLBP) represents a major challenge to our health care systems. The relative efficacy of surgery over nonoperative treatment for the treatment of cLBP remains controversial, and little is known of the long-term comparative outcomes. Purpose To compare the clinical outcome at long-term follow-up (LTFU) of patients who were randomized with either spinal fusion or multidisciplinary cognitive-behavioral and exercise rehabilitation for cLBP. Study design/setting Long-term clinical follow-up of three multicenter randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of surgery (instrumented or noninstrumented fusion, stabilization) versus nonoperative treatment (multidisciplinary cognitive-behavioral and exercise rehabilitation) in Norway and the United Kingdom. Patient sample A total of 473 patients with cLBP of at least 1 year's duration who were all considered candidates for spinal fusion. Outcome measures The primary outcome was the Oswestry Disability Index (ODIv2.1a for the United Kingdom and ODIv1 for Norway) score measured at LTFU. Secondary outcomes included visual analog scale (VAS) pain intensity, pain frequency, pain medication use, work status, EuroQol VAS for health-related quality of life, satisfaction with care, and global treatment outcome at LTFU. Methods Patients who consented to LTFU (average 11.4 [range 8-15] years after the initial treatment) completed the outcome questionnaires. Results Of 473 enrolled patients, 261 (55%) completed LTFU, 140/242 patients randomized to receive surgery and 121/231 randomized to receive multidisciplinary cognitive-behavioral and exercise rehabilitation. The intention-to-treat analysis showed no statistically or clinically significant differences between treatment groups for ODI scores at LTFU (adjusted for baseline ODI, previous surgery, duration of LBP, sex, age, and smoking habit): the mean adjusted treatment effect of fusion was -0.7 points on the 0-100 ODI scale (95% confidence interval [CI], -5.5 to 4.2). An as-treated analysis similarly demonstrated no advantage of surgery (treatment effect, -0.8 points on the ODI (95% CI, -5.9 to 4.3). The results for the secondary outcomes were largely consistent with those of the ODI, showing no relevant group differences. Conclusions After an average of 11 years follow-up, there was no difference in patient self-rated outcomes between fusion and multidisciplinary cognitive-behavioral and exercise rehabilitation for cLBP. The results suggest that, given the increased risks of surgery and the lack of deterioration in nonoperative outcomes over time, the use of lumbar fusion in cLBP patients should not be favored in health care systems where multidisciplinary cognitive-behavioral and exercise rehabilitation programmes are available. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Ruhe A.,Murdoch University |
Fejer R.,Spine Center |
Walker B.,Murdoch University
Gait and Posture | Year: 2010
Summary of background data: The analysis of centre of pressure (COP) excursions is used as an index of postural stability in standing. Conflicting data have been reported over the past 20 years regarding the reliability of COP measures and no standard procedure for COP measure use in study design has been established. Search methods: Six online databases (January 1980 to February 2009) were systematically searched followed by a manual search of retrieved papers. Results: Thirty-two papers met the inclusion criteria. The majority of the papers (26/32, 81.3%) demonstrated acceptable reliability. While COP mean velocity (mVel) demonstrated variable but generally good reliability throughout the different studies (r= 0.32-0.94), no single measurement of COP appeared significantly more reliable than the others. Regarding data acquisition duration, a minimum of 90 s is required to reach acceptable reliability for most COP parameters. This review further suggests that while eyes closed readings may show slightly higher reliability coefficients, both eyes open and closed setups allow acceptable readings under the described conditions (r≥0.75). Also averaging the results of three to five repetitions on firm surface is necessary to obtain acceptable reliability. A sampling frequency of 100. Hz with a cut-off frequency of 10. Hz is also recommended. No final conclusion regarding the feet position could be reached. Conclusions: The studies reviewed show that bipedal static COP measures may be used as a reliable tool for investigating general postural stability and balance performance under specific conditions. Recommendations for maximizing the reliability of COP data are provided. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
Balague F.,University of Geneva |
Mannion A.F.,Spine Center |
Pellise F.,Spine Unit Hospital Universitari Vall dHebron |
Cedraschi C.,University of Geneva
The Lancet | Year: 2012
Non-specific low back pain has become a major public health problem worldwide. The lifetime prevalence of low back pain is reported to be as high as 84, and the prevalence of chronic low back pain is about 23, with 11-12 of the population being disabled by low back pain. Mechanical factors, such as lifting and carrying, probably do not have a major pathogenic role, but genetic constitution is important. History taking and clinical examination are included in most diagnostic guidelines, but the use of clinical imaging for diagnosis should be restricted. The mechanism of action of many treatments is unclear, and effect sizes of most treatments are low. Both patient preferences and clinical evidence should be taken into account for pain management, but generally self-management, with appropriate support, is recommended and surgery and overtreatment should be avoided. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.