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Hyland M.,Irish Economic and Social Research Institute | Hyland M.,Trinity College Dublin | Lyons R.C.,University of Oxford | Lyons R.C.,Spatial Economics Research Center | And 3 more authors.
Energy Economics | Year: 2013

Following the transposition of the EU Energy Performance of Buildings Directive into Irish law, all properties offered for sale or to let in Ireland are obliged to have an energy efficiency rating. This paper analyses the effect of energy efficiency ratings on the sale and rental prices of properties in the Republic of Ireland. Using the Heckman selection technique we model the decision to advertise the energy efficiency rating of a property and the effect of energy efficiency ratings on property values. Our results show that energy efficiency has a positive effect on both the sales and rental prices of properties, and that the effect is significantly stronger in the sales segment of the property market. We also analyse the effect of energy efficiency across different market conditions and we find that the effect of the energy rating is generally stronger where market conditions are worse. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. Source


Rodriguez-Pose A.,IMDEA Madrid Institute for Advanced Studies | Tselios V.,Northumbria University | Tselios V.,Spatial Economics Research Center
Papers in Regional Science | Year: 2010

This paper uses microeconomic data for more than 100,000 European individuals in order to analyse whether the individual economic returns to education vary between migrants and non-migrants and whether any differences in earnings between these two groups are affected by household and/or geographical (regional and interregional) externalities. The results point out that while education is a fundamental determinant of earnings, European labour markets do not discriminate in the returns to education between migrants and non-migrants. Household, regional and supra-regional externalities influence the economic returns to education in a similar way for local, intranational and supra-national migrants. The results are robust to the introduction of a large number of individual, household and regional controls. © 2010 the author(s). Journal compilation © 2010 RSAI. Source


Nathan M.,Spatial Economics Research Center | Nathan M.,National Institute for Economic and Social Research | Vandore E.,Kagisha Ltd
Environment and Planning A | Year: 2014

The digital industries cluster known as Silicon Roundabout has been quietly growing in East London since the 1990s. Rebranded Tech City, it is the focus of huge public and government attention. National and local policy makers wish to accelerate the local area’s development: such cluster policies are back in vogue as part of a reawakened interest in industrial policy. Surprisingly little is known about Tech City’s firms or the wider ecosystem, however, and cluster programmes have a high failure rate. We perform a detailed mixed-methods analysis, combining rich enterprise-level data with semistructured interviews. We track firm and employment growth from 1997 to 2010 and identify several distinctive features: branching from creative to digital content industries; street-level sorting of firms; the importance of local amenities and a lack of conventional cluster actors such as universities or anchor businesses. We also argue that the existing policy mix embodies a number of tensions, and suggest areas for improvement. © 2014 Pion Limited. Source


Firdous N.,Thalassaemia Programme and National Thalassaemia Center | Gibbons S.,Spatial Economics Research Center | Modell B.,University College London
Journal of Community Genetics | Year: 2011

Carriers of haemoglobin disorders have protection against falciparum malaria. Therefore, where this is common, carrier prevalence rises until this selective advantage is offset by deaths of affected children. Theory predicts a corresponding fall in carrier frequency following malaria eradication, but this has not been reported in practice. In the Maldives, malaria eradication (in 1972-1975) unmasked highly prevalent beta-thalassaemia and led to services for patient care and outreach carrier screening. Analysis of 68,986 laboratory screening records for subjects born between 1960 and 1990 showed carrier prevalences ranging from 10.1% to 28.2% by atoll (related to the prevalence of falciparum malaria before eradication) and a steady fall in average carrier prevalence from 21.3% among those born in 1970 to 16% in those born in 1989. Data for individuals born before 1970 suggest that earlier, when malaria was uncontrolled, carrier prevalence was 23-25%. The observed fall in carrier prevalence was broadly consistent with a model based on genetic theory, allowing for the heterogeneous distribution of carrier prevalence and the potential contribution of consanguineous marriage. The possible effects of population mixing and reproductive compensation were calculated, and any contribution to falling carrier prevalence was excluded. It is concluded that the observed fall in thalassaemia carrier prevalence in the Maldives is consistent with the predicted effect of malaria eradication and supportive of the population genetic theory. The observed fall in average carrier prevalence corresponds to a fall in minimum affected birth prevalence from approximately 12/1,000 in 1970 to approximately 6.9/1,000 in 2007. Allowing for this effect, the National Thalassaemia Register has documented a more than 60% fall in affected birth prevalence since outreach population screening was established in 1997. The main contributing factors are considered to be limitation of final family size by informed at-risk couples and utilisation of prenatal diagnosis. © Springer-Verlag 2011. Source


Vermeulen W.,CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis | Vermeulen W.,University | Vermeulen W.,Spatial Economics Research Center | Rouwendal J.,VU University Amsterdam | Rouwendal J.,Tinbergen Institute
Journal of Regional Science | Year: 2014

Foregone benefits of the open space that is sacrificed through urban sprawl are hard to quantify. We obtain a simple benchmark measure by introducing a demand for trips beyond the urban boundary into the monocentric city model. The externality arises from the increase in travel costs that expansion of the city imposes on its prior inhabitants. An empirical application illustrates the moderate informational requirements. It indicates that open space externalities warrant rather mild restrictions on urban expansion. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

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