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Spinola-Amilibia M.,Institute Biomedicina Of Valencia Ibv Csic | Spinola-Amilibia M.,CSIC - Biological Research Center | Rivera J.,Spanish National Cardiovascular Research Center | Ortiz-Lombardia M.,CNRS Architecture and Functions of Biological Macromolecules Lab | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Molecular Biology | Year: 2013

The breast cancer metastasis suppressor 1 (BRMS1) gene suppresses metastasis without affecting the primary tumor growth. Cellular localization of BRMS1 appears to be important for exerting its effects on metastasis inhibition. We recently described a nucleo-cytoplasmic shuttling for BRMS1 and identified a nuclear export signal within the N-terminal coiled coil. The structure of these regions shows an antiparallel coiled coil capable of oligomerizing, which compromises the accessibility to the nuclear export signal consensus residues. We have studied the structural and biophysical features of this region to further understand the contribution of the N-terminal coiled coil to the biological function of BRMS1. We have observed that residues 85 to 98 might be important in defining the oligomerization state of the BRMS1 N-terminal coiled coil. The fragments are mainly disordered in solution, with evidence of residual structure. In addition, we report the presence of a conformational dynamic equilibrium (oligomeric folded species oligomeric unfolded) in solution in the BRMS1 N-terminal coiled coil that might facilitate the nuclear export of BRMS1 to the cytoplasm. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Rszer T.,Debrecen University | Rszer T.,Spanish National Cardiovascular Research Center | Banfalvi G.,Debrecen University
Peptides | Year: 2012

Members of the FMRFamide-related peptide (FaRP) family are neurotransmitters, hormone-like substances and tumor suppressor peptides. In mammals, FaRPs are considered as anti-opiate peptides due to their ability to inhibit opioid signaling. Some FaRPs are asserted to attenuate opiate tolerance. A recently developed chimeric FaRP (Met-enkephalin-FMRFa) mimics the analgesic effects of opiates without the development of opiate-dependence, displaying a future therapeutical potential in pain reduction. In this review we support the notion, that opiates and representative members of the FaRP family show overlapping effects on apoptosis. Binding of FaRPs to opioid receptors or to their own receptors (G-protein linked membrane receptors and acid-sensing ion channels) evokes or suppresses cell death, in a cell- and receptor-type manner. With the dramatically increasing incidence of opiate abuse and addiction, understanding of opioid-induced cell death, and in this context FaRPs will deserve growing attention. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source


Tarin C.,Vascular Research Laboratory | Fernandez-Laso V.,Vascular Research Laboratory | Sastre C.,Vascular Research Laboratory | Madrigal-Matute J.,Vascular Research Laboratory | And 6 more authors.
Journal of the American Heart Association | Year: 2014

Background-Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) involves leukocyte recruitment, inflammatory cytokine production, vascular cell apoptosis, neovascularization, and vascular remodeling, all of which contribute to aortic dilatation. Tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) is a cytokine implicated in proinflammatory responses, angiogenesis, and matrix degradation but its role in AAA formation is currently unknown. Methods and Results-Experimental AAA with aortic elastase perfusion in mice was induced in wild-type (WT), TWEAK deficient (TWEAK KO), or Fn14-deficient (Fn14 KO) mice. TWEAK or Fn14 KO deficiency reduced aortic expansion, lesion macrophages, CD3+ T cells, neutrophils, CD31+ microvessels, CCL2 and CCL5 chemokines expression, and MMP activity after 14 days postperfusion. TWEAK and Fn14 KO mice also showed a reduced loss of medial vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) that was related to a reduced number of apoptotic cells in these animals compared with WT mice. Aortas from WT animals present a higher disruption of the elastic layer and MMP activity than those from TWEAK or Fn14 KO mice, indicating a diminished vascular remodeling in KO animals. In vitro experiments unveiled that TWEAK induces CCL5 secretion and MMP-9 activation in both VSMC and bone marrow-derived macrophages, and decrease VSMC viability, effects dependent on Fn14. Conclusions-TWEAK/Fn14 axis participates in AAA formation by promoting lesion inflammatory cell accumulation, angiogenesis, matrix-degrading protease expression, and vascular remodeling. Blocking TWEAK/Fn14 interaction could be a new target for the treatment of AAA. © 2014 The Authors. Source


Alvarez S.,DNA Replication Group | Diaz M.,DNA Replication Group | Flach J.,University of California at San Francisco | Rodriguez-Acebes S.,DNA Replication Group | And 9 more authors.
Nature Communications | Year: 2015

Replicative stress during embryonic development influences ageing and predisposition to disease in adults. A protective mechanism against replicative stress is provided by the licensing of thousands of origins in G1 that are not necessarily activated in the subsequent S-phase. These 'dormant' origins provide a backup in the presence of stalled forks and may confer flexibility to the replication program in specific cell types during differentiation, a role that has remained unexplored. Here we show, using a mouse strain with hypomorphic expression of the origin licensing factor mini-chromosome maintenance (MCM)3 that limiting origin licensing in vivo affects the functionality of hematopoietic stem cells and the differentiation of rapidly-dividing erythrocyte precursors. Mcm3-deficient erythroblasts display aberrant DNA replication patterns and fail to complete maturation, causing lethal anemia. Our results indicate that hematopoietic progenitors are particularly sensitive to replication stress, and full origin licensing ensures their correct differentiation and functionality. © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved. Source


Roszer T.,Spanish National Cardiovascular Research Center | Roszer T.,Hungarian Academy of Sciences | Jozsa T.,Karolinska University Hospital | Kiss-Toth E.D.,Hungarian Academy of Sciences | And 2 more authors.
Cell and Tissue Research | Year: 2014

Increased fragility fracture risk with improper healing is a frequent and severe complication of insulin resistance (IR). The mechanisms impairing bone health in IR are still not fully appreciated, which gives importance to studies on bone pathologies in animal models of diabetes. Mice deficient in leptin signaling are widely used models of IR and its comorbidities. Leptin was first recognized as a hormone, regulating appetite and energy balance; however, recent studies have expanded its role showing that leptin is a link between insulin-dependent metabolism and bone homeostasis. In the light of these findings, it is intriguing to consider the role of leptin resistance in bone regeneration. In this study, we show that obese diabetic mice lacking leptin receptor (db/db) are deficient in postnatal regenerative osteogenesis. We apply an ectopic osteogenesis and a fracture healing model, both showing that db/db mice display compromised bone acquisition and regeneration capacity. The underlying mechanisms include delayed periosteal mesenchymatic osteogenesis, premature apoptosis of the cartilage callus and impaired microvascular invasion of the healing tissue. Our study supports the use of the db/db mouse as a model of IR associated bone-healing deficits and can aid further studies of mesenchymatic cell homing and differentiation, microvascular invasion, cartilage to bone transition and callus remodeling in diabetic fracture healing. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

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