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Brugnara L.,Hospital Clinic Of Barcelona | Brugnara L.,Spanish Biomedical Research Center In Diabetes And Assoct Metabolic Disorders Ciberdem | Mallol R.,Rovira i Virgili University | Mallol R.,Institute dInvestigacio Sanitaria Pere Virgili IISPV | And 21 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) present increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of this study is to improve the assessment of lipoprotein profile in patients with T1D by using a robust developed method 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H NMR), for further correlation with clinical factors associated to CVD. Thirty patients with T1D and 30 non-diabetes control (CT) subjects, matched for gender, age, body composition (DXA, BMI, waist/hip ratio), regular physical activity levels and cardiorespiratory capacity (VO2peak), were analyzed. Dietary records and routine lipids were assessed. Serum lipoprotein particle subfractions, particle sizes, and cholesterol and triglycerides subfractions were analyzed by 1H NMR. It was evidenced that subjects with T1D presented lower concentrations of small LDL cholesterol, medium VLDL particles, large VLDL triglycerides, and total triglycerides as compared to CT subjects. Women with T1D presented a positive association with HDL size (p<0.005; R = 0.601) and large HDL triglycerides (p<0.005; R = 0.534) and negative (p<0.005; R = -0.586) to small HDL triglycerides. Body fat composition represented an important factor independently of normal BMI, with large LDL particles presenting a positive correlation to total body fat (p<0.005; R = 0.505), and total LDL cholesterol and small LDL cholesterol a positive correlation (p<0.005; R = 0.502 and R = 0.552, respectively) to abdominal fat in T1D subjects; meanwhile, in CT subjects, body fat composition was mainly associated to HDL subclasses. VO2peak was negatively associated (p<0.005; R = -0.520) to large LDL-particles only in the group of patients with T1D. In conclusion, patients with T1D with adequate glycemic control and BMI and without chronic complications presented a more favourable lipoprotein profile as compared to control counterparts. In addition, slight alterations in BMI and/or body fat composition showed to be relevant to provoking alterations in lipoproteins profiles. Finally, body fat composition appears to be a determinant for cardioprotector lipoprotein profile. © 2015 Brugnara et al.

Ibarretxe D.,Rovira i Virgili University | Ibarretxe D.,Spanish Biomedical Research Center In Diabetes And Assoct Metabolic Disorders Ciberdem | Girona J.,Rovira i Virgili University | Girona J.,Spanish Biomedical Research Center In Diabetes And Assoct Metabolic Disorders Ciberdem | And 14 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Lipidology | Year: 2016

Background The role of circulating FABP5 on metabolic alterations is under active evaluation. On the other hand, FABP5 SNPs (rs454550 and rs79370435) seem to modulate its effect. Objectives Our aim was to examine the role of circulating FABP5 levels and its main SNPs in atherogenic dyslipidemia (AD) assessed by 2D-Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and related metabolic and inflammation markers. We hypothesized that circulating FABP5 may be a biomarker for metabolic risk. Methods We studied 459 subjects admitted to the metabolism unit because of lipid metabolism disturbances and/or associated disorders. After a 6-week lipid-lowering drug wash-out period, anamnesis and physical examination were performed. Carotid intime-media thickness (cIMT) was measured by ultrasound. FABP5, FABP4, lipids, metabolic proteins, and enzymes were determined by biochemical methods. The lipid profile was assessed by NMR. The rs454550 and rs79370435 FABP5 gene variants were also determined. Results The FABP5 plasma levels were positively correlated with adiposity, glucose metabolism, and lipolysis parameters and were associated with AD, as assessed by NMR. There was a significant positive correlation between hsCRP and FABP5. The presence of type 2 diabetes, obesity, metabolic syndrome, or AD was associated with higher FABP5 plasma levels (P <.005). The FABP5 concentrations, but not those of FABP4, were higher in patients with carotid plaques. FABP5 was a main determinant of plaque presence according to logistic regression analysis. The rare rs454550 allele was hyper-represented in nonobese subjects (P =.011). Conclusions FABP5 is a biomarker of adiposity-associated metabolic derangements that include AD thus underscoring the concomitant presence of inflammation. FABP5 is associated with increased subclinical atherosclerosis. © 2016 National Lipid Association.

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