Southwestern University is a private, four-year, undergraduate, liberal arts college located in Georgetown, Texas, USA. Founded in 1872, Southwestern is one of the oldest universities in Texas. The school is affiliated with the United Methodist Church although the curriculum is nonsectarian. Southwestern offers 40 bachelor's degrees in the arts, science, fine arts, and music as well as interdisciplinary and pre-professional programs. The university is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools and the National Association of Schools of Music.Southwestern is home to the National Institute for Technology in Liberal Education and the National Hispanic Institute's Center for Hispanic Studies. The university is a member of the Annapolis Group, the Associated Colleges of the South, the Council of Independent Colleges, and is a signatory of the Talloires Declaration. Wikipedia.
Patel H.J.,Southwestern University
Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine | Year: 2016
Purpose of review Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a widespread disease process with important clinical and economic implications. This review will summarize new pharmacotherapy for the treatment of COPD. Recent findings Several recent clinical trials have led to the approval of new inhaler therapies for COPD. Many of these are specifically targeting combination long-acting β-agonists and long-acting muscarinic antagonists for late stage COPD. Summary Several new bronchodilators are available on the market, especially in combination form. The new drug combinations have positive data though clinical relevance, and comparisons to available and well established therapies are still needed. Specifically, translating improved forced expiratory volume into meaningful clinical outcomes remains challenging. © Copyright 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.
Cohen S.,Southwestern University
Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs | Year: 2012
Introduction: Early aggressive treatment and utilization of targeted biological therapies for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has dramatically improved patient outcomes. Even with this approach up to 50% of patients fail to achieve a significant clinical response and these therapies require subcutaneous injection or intravenous administration and are costly. Development of small molecules that can be administered orally has progressed and several are under investigation as potential treatments for RA. This manuscript will update the status of the small molecules under development. Areas covered: This review summarizes the newer molecular protein kinase targets involved in signal transduction of inflammatory mediators and the development of inhibitors to these kinases. Additionally, the results of clinical trials evaluating these therapies will be reviewed. Expert opinion: Based on the results of randomized clinical trials there is significant likelihood that a small molecular therapy to kinases involved in proinflammatory cytokine production will soon be available in the clinic. The benefit/risk profile is presently being determined in multiple late phase clinical trials. © 2012 Informa UK, Ltd.
Pollock T.A.,Southwestern University
Aesthetic surgery journal / the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic surgery | Year: 2012
Although abdominoplasty and other body-contouring procedures are being performed more frequently, the incidence of seroma and other complications has remained relatively unchanged. In 2000, a small retrospective series introduced progressive tension sutures (PTS) in abdominoplasty to reduce seroma without the use of drains. The authors review the PTS technique and their experience with the procedure. A retrospective chart review of 597 consecutive abdominoplasty patients treated over 12 years was performed. Collected data included surgical setting, concomitant procedures, and complications. Of the 597 abdominoplasties, 52.4% were performed in the hospital and 47.6% in an American Association for Accreditation of Ambulatory Surgery Facilities (AAAASF)-accredited facility. In 63.7% of cases, abdominoplasty was combined with another procedure(s). Liposuction was performed on the abdominoplasty flap or an adjacent area to the abdominoplasty dissection in 67% of patients. The average amount fat aspirate from these areas was 953 mL. No drains were placed. The rate of local complications was 4.2%; all but one of these complications (seroma; 0.1%) were minor. There were no systemic complications related to PTS and no venous thromboembolisms. PTS are an adjunct to abdominoplasty that can minimize seroma and potentially decrease other local complications. They provide secure fixation of the flap to eliminate motion and broadly transfer tension to the superficial fascial system. Drains can safely be eliminated from abdominoplasty, even when liposuction is performed. Systemic complications may be avoided and patient recovery expedited.
Guarraci F.A.,Southwestern University
Hormones and Behavior | Year: 2010
Preclinical and clinical research investigating female sexual motivation has lagged behind research on male sexual function. The present review summarizes recent advances in our understanding of the specific roles of various brain areas, as well as our understanding of the role of dopaminergic neurotransmission in sexual motivation of the female rat. A number of behavioral paradigms that can be used to thoroughly evaluate sexual behavior in the female rat are first discussed. Although traditional assessment of the reflexive, lordosis posture has been useful in understanding the neuroanatomical and neurochemical systems that contribute to copulatory behavior, the additional behavioral paradigms described in this review have helped us expand our understanding of appetitive and consumatory behavioral patterns that better assess sexual motivation - the equivalent of "desire" in humans. A summary of numerous lesion studies indicates that different areas of the brain, including forebrain and midbrain structures, work together to produce the complex repertoire of female sexual behavior. In addition, by investigating the effects of commonly addictive drugs, we are beginning to elucidate the role of dopaminergic neurotransmission in female sexual motivation. Consequently, research in this area may contribute to meaningful advances in the treatment of human female sexual dysfunction. © 2009 Elsevier Inc.
Clegg D.J.,Southwestern University
Molecular Endocrinology | Year: 2012
Gonadal steroids are critical regulators of physiology, yet we approach physiology and science with the simplest perspective/model, the male one. Female models of whole animal physiology are complex to study and, therefore, are often not used in research. Estrogens are one of the sex hormones that we know are important for both men and women. Estrogens regulate key features of metabolism such as food intake, body weight, glucose homeostasis/insulin sensitivity, body fat distribution, lipolysis/lipogenesis, inflammation, locomotor activity, energy expenditure, reproduction, and cognition. Furthermore, estrogens have multiple sites of action including some unexpected ones, which was demonstrated elegantly through a series of papers this year. © 2012 by The Endocrine Society.