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Peng Y.,Zhejiang University | Peng Y.,National University of Singapore | Wang H.,Southwest Guizhou Vocational and Technical College for Nationalities | Wang S.,Lanzhou University of Technology | And 3 more authors.
Microsystem Technologies | Year: 2016

In this paper, a linear piezoelectric micromotor for dual-slider positioning by a single piezoelectric element (PZT) is proposed. A slider 1 and a permanent magnet are connected by the PZT, and a slider 2 is placed on the permanent magnet by the magnetic force. The slider 1 is a small steel cuboid and can be clamped and released by an electromagnet base. When it is released, it can be driven by impact friction force generated by the PZT. When it is clamped, it keeps stationary, and the slider 2 can be positioned based on the smooth impact friction drive of the micromotor. Both the sliders can be positioned independently with a long motion range as well as a high positioning resolution. Due to a single PZT used in the micromotor and miniaturized design of the mechanism, the proposed micromotor has been constructed with a compact size as well as a relatively high loading capacity. © 2016 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg


Li Y.,Chongqing Jiaotong University | Zhou X.-P.,Chongqing Jiaotong University | Qi Z.-M.,Chongqing Jiaotong University | Qi Z.-M.,Southwest Guizhou Vocational and Technical College for Nationalities | Zhang Y.-B.,Chongqing Jiaotong University
Applied Ocean Research | Year: 2014

At a splice weld of marine steel tubular pile, the misalignments between two adjacent pile segments may cause significant stress concentrations. In structural analysis, the stress concentrations shall be properly addressed, normally by a stress concentration factor (SCF) in practice. Based on a flat-plate configuration, the SCF at pipe splice under either axial tension or in-plane bending moment has been theoretically derived. To verify the effectiveness of the flat-plate solutions, this paper investigated the SCFs with numerical modeling. Finite element models built by ANSYS were used to simulate pipe splices for different pile diameters and wall thicknesses, which are representative of practical marine applications. Axial tension and in-plane bending moment, as well as their combination were applied. The flat-plate solutions were compared with the numerical results. The results show that the flat-plate solutions are close to the numerical results, indicating that they are reasonably effective in practical applications under complex loading conditions. The findings will significantly help in the hot-spot analysis for splice welds of steel tubular members, particularly piles, in marine structures given complex loading effects. Additionally, an integrated formula including the effect of both axial tension and in-plane bending moment is formulated for the SCF at pile splice. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Yang L.,Peking Union Medical College | Yang H.,Kunming Medical University | Wu K.,Kunming Medical University | Shi X.,Southwest Guizhou Vocational and Technical College for Nationalities | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Medical Virology | Year: 2014

Genetic variations of High-Risk HPV E6/E7 may be associated with the development of cervical cancer in specific geographic regions. Few data have been reported about the HPV prevalence and E6/E7 variants among cervical cancer patients in Southwest China. This study was designed to investigate the prevalence of HPV and E6/E7 variants of most prevalent HPV among cervical cancer patients in Southwest China. After genotyping, E6/E7 genes of most prevalent HR HPV samples were sequenced and analyzed. Phylogenetic trees were then constructed, followed by an analysis of the diversity of secondary structure and selection pressures. HPV 16 (73.8%) and HPV 18 (16.4%) are the most prevalent infection types among cervical cancer patients, followed by HPV 58, HPV 56 and HPV 59, which is different from the high HPV 58 infection rate of outpatients in this region. Eighteen single nucleotide changes were observed in HPV 16 E6 with 13/18 non-synonymous mutations (5 in beta sheet and 2 in alpha helix). Ten single nucleotide changes were identified among HPV 16 E7 with 3/10 non-synonymous mutations. Three single nucleotide changes were observed in HPV 18 E6 with one non-synonymous mutation, and only one synonymous mutation was identified in HPV 18 E7. HPV 16 E6-D25E, E7-N29S and E7-T846C (S95S) exhibited a prevalent linkage mutation. The phylogenetic tree demonstrates that European and Asian lineages were the main patterns. This study may help understand the intrinsic geographical relatedness and oncogenic potential of HR HPV and contributes further to research of diagnostic, therapeutic and therapeutic vaccine strategy. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Yang L.,Peking Union Medical College | Yang L.,Yunnan Key Laboratory of Vaccine Research | Yang H.,Kunming Medical University | Chen J.,Peking Union Medical College | And 19 more authors.
Infection, Genetics and Evolution | Year: 2014

HPV accounts for most of incidence of cervical cancer. Genetic variations of E6 and E7 may be associated with the development of cervical cancer in specific geographic regions. HPV-58 has been found to be a relatively prevalent high-risk HPV among southwest Chinese women. To explore gene intratypic variations and polymorphisms of HPV-58 E6 and E7 genes originating in Southwest China, a total of 2000 scraped cell samples were collected for DNA extraction and HPV typing. Then, the E6 and E7 genes of HPV-58 (n=22) were sequenced and compared to others submitted to GenBank, followed by an analysis of the diversity of secondary structure by DNASTAR software. Phylogenetic trees were then constructed by Neighbor-Joining and the Kimura 2-parameters methods, followed by an analysis of selection pressures acting on the E6/E7 genes by PAML software. 22 were HPV-58 positive among 215 high-risk types' samples. The nucleotide variation rate of E6 was 86.36% (19/22) among the 22 HPV-58 E6 sequences studied. 4 single nucleotide changes were identified among the E6 sequences with 3/4 synonymous mutations (C187T, A260C, C307T) and 1/4 non-synonymous mutations (A388C, from Lys to Asn, in alpha helix). The most common mutations of E6 genes are the C307T and A388C. 8 single nucleotide changes were identified among the HPV-58 E7 sequences with 2/8 synonymous mutations (T726C, T744G) and 6/8 non-synonymous mutations (G599A, C632T, G694A, G760A, G761A, T803C). The nucleotide variation rate of E7 was 72.73% (17/22). The most common mutations of E7 genes are C632T, G694A, T744G, G760A (from Gly to Ser, in turn), G761A and T803C. The phylogenetic analyses demonstrate that all HPV-58 E6/E7 variants identified belonged to the Southeast Asia lineage. There was no evidence of positive selection in the sequence alignment of HPV-58 E6 and E7 genes. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.


Shi X.-N.,Kunming Medical University | Shi X.-N.,Southwest Guizhou Vocational and Technical College for Nationalities | Li H.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | Yao H.,Xuzhou Medical College | And 10 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Surgical resection and conventional chemotherapy and radiotherapy ultimately fail due to tumor recurrence and HCC's resistance. The development of novel therapies against HCC is thus urgently required. The cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) pathways are important and well-established targets for cancer treatment. In particular, CDK2 is a key factor regulating the cell cycle G1 to S transition and a hallmark for cancers. In this study, we utilized our free and open-source protein-ligand docking software, idock, prospectively to identify potential CDK2 inhibitors from 4,311 FDA-approved small molecule drugs using a repurposing strategy and an ensemble docking methodology. Sorted by average idock score, nine compounds were purchased and tested in vitro. Among them, the anti-psychotic drug fluspirilene exhibited the highest anti-proliferative effect in human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 and Huh7 cells. We demonstrated for the first time that fluspirilene treatment significantly increased the percentage of cells in G1 phase, and decreased the expressions of CDK2, cyclin E and Rb, as well as the phosphorylations of CDK2 on Thr160 and Rb on Ser795. We also examined the anti-cancer effect of fluspirilene in vivo in BALB/C nude mice subcutaneously xenografted with human hepatocellular carcinoma Huh7 cells. Our results showed that oral fluspirilene treatment significantly inhibited tumor growth. Fluspirilene (15 mg/kg) exhibited strong anti-tumor activity, comparable to that of the leading cancer drug 5-fluorouracil (10 mg/kg). Moreover, the cocktail treatment with fluspirilene and 5-fluorouracil exhibited the highest therapeutic effect. These results suggested for the first time that fluspirilene is a potential CDK2 inhibitor and a candidate anti-cancer drug for the treatment of human hepatocellular carcinoma. In view of the fact that fluspirilene has a long history of safe human use, our discovery of fluspirilene as a potential anti-HCC drug may present an immediately applicable clinical therapy. © 2015 Shi et al.


Yue Y.,Peking Union Medical College | Yang H.,Kunming Medical University | Wu K.,Kunming Medical University | Yang L.,Peking Union Medical College | And 8 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

HPV account for most of the incidence of cervical cancer. Approximately 90% of anal cancers and a smaller subset (<50%) of other cancers (oropharyngeal, penile, vaginal, vulvar) are also attributed to HPV. The L1 protein comprising HPV vaccine formulations elicits high-titre neutralizing antibodies and confers type restricted protection. The L2 protein is a promising candidate for a broadly protective HPV vaccine. In our previous study, we found the most prevalent high-risk HPV infectious serotypes were HPV-16 and HPV-58 among women of Southwest China. To explore gene polymorphisms and intratypic variations of HPV-16 and HPV-58 L1/L2 genes originating in Southwest China, HPV-16 (L1: n = 31, L2: n = 28) and HPV-58 (L1: n = 21, L2: n = 21) L1/L2 genes were sequenced and compared to others described and submitted to GenBank. Phylogenetic trees were then constructed by Neighbor-Joining and the Kimura 2-parameters methods (MEGA software), followed by an analysis of the diversity of secondary structure. Then selection pressures acting on the L1/L2 genes were estimated by PAML software. Twenty-nine single nucleotide changes were observed in HPV-16 L1 sequences with 16/29 non-synonymous mutations and 13/29 synonymous mutations (six in alpha helix and two in beta turns). Seventeen single nucleotide changes were observed in HPV-16 L2 sequences with 8/17 non-synonymous mutations (one in beta turn) and 9/17 synonymous mutations. Twenty-four single nucleotide changes were observed in HPV-58 L1 sequences with 10/24 non-synonymous mutations and 14/24 synonymous mutations (eight in alpha helix and four in beta turn). Seven single nucleotide changes were observed in HPV-58 L2 sequences with 4/7 non-synonymous mutations and 3/7 synonymous mutations. The result of selective pressure analysis showed that most of these mutations were of positive selection. This study may help understand the intrinsic geographical relatedness and biological differences of HPV-16/HPV-58 and contributes further to research on their infectivity, pathogenicity, and vaccine strategy. © 2013 Yue et al.


Shi X.-N.,Kunming Medical University | Shi X.-N.,Southwest Guizhou Vocational and Technical College for Nationalities | Li H.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | Yao H.,Xuzhou Medical College | And 8 more authors.
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2015

Cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) has been reported to be overexpressed in human colorectal cancer; it is responsible for the G1-to-S-phase transition in the cell cycle and its deregulation is a hallmark of cancer. The present study was the first to use idock, a free and open-source protein-ligand docking software developed by our group, to identify potential CDK2 inhibitors from 4,311 US Food and Drug Administration-approved small molecular drugs with a re-purposing strategy. Among the top compounds identified by idock score, nine were selected for further study. Among them, adapalene (ADA; CD271,6-[3-(1-adamantyl)-4-methoxyphenyl]-2-naphtoic acid) exhibited the highest anti-proliferative effects in LOVO and DLD1 human colon cancer cell lines. Consistent with the expected properties of CDK2 inhibitors, the present study demonstrated that ADA significantly increased the G1-phase population and decreased the expression of CDK2, cyclin E and retinoblastoma protein (Rb), as well as the phosphorylation of CDK2 (on Thr-160) and Rb (on Ser-795). Furthermore, the anti-cancer effects of ADA were examined in vivo on xenograft tumors derived from DLD1 human colorectal cancer cells subcutaneously inoculated in BALB/C nude mice. ADA (20 mg/kg orally) exhibited marked anti-tumor activity, comparable to that of oxaliplatin (40 mg/kg), and dose-dependently inhibited tumor growth (P<0.05), while combined administration of ADA and oxaliplatin produced the highest therapeutic effect. To the best of our knowledge, the present study was the first to indicate that ADA inhibits CDK2 and is a potential candidate drug for the treatment of human colorectal cancer.


PubMed | Southwest Guizhou Vocational and Technical College for Nationalities, Kunming Medical University and Peking Union Medical College
Type: | Journal: Infection, genetics and evolution : journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases | Year: 2014

HPV accounts for most of incidence of cervical cancer. Genetic variations of E6 and E7 may be associated with the development of cervical cancer in specific geographic regions. HPV-58 has been found to be a relatively prevalent high-risk HPV among southwest Chinese women. To explore gene intratypic variations and polymorphisms of HPV-58 E6 and E7 genes originating in Southwest China, a total of 2000 scraped cell samples were collected for DNA extraction and HPV typing. Then, the E6 and E7 genes of HPV-58 (n=22) were sequenced and compared to others submitted to GenBank, followed by an analysis of the diversity of secondary structure by DNASTAR software. Phylogenetic trees were then constructed by Neighbor-Joining and the Kimura 2-parameters methods, followed by an analysis of selection pressures acting on the E6/E7 genes by PAML software. 22 were HPV-58 positive among 215 high-risk types samples. The nucleotide variation rate of E6 was 86.36% (19/22) among the 22 HPV-58 E6 sequences studied. 4 single nucleotide changes were identified among the E6 sequences with 3/4 synonymous mutations (C187T, A260C, C307T) and 1/4 non-synonymous mutations (A388C, from Lys to Asn, in alpha helix). The most common mutations of E6 genes are the C307T and A388C. 8 single nucleotide changes were identified among the HPV-58 E7 sequences with 2/8 synonymous mutations (T726C, T744G) and 6/8 non-synonymous mutations (G599A, C632T, G694A, G760A, G761A, T803C). The nucleotide variation rate of E7 was 72.73% (17/22). The most common mutations of E7 genes are C632T, G694A, T744G, G760A (from Gly to Ser, in turn), G761A and T803C. The phylogenetic analyses demonstrate that all HPV-58 E6/E7 variants identified belonged to the Southeast Asia lineage. There was no evidence of positive selection in the sequence alignment of HPV-58 E6 and E7 genes.

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