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Kristiansand, Norway

Kleist B.,Southern Hospital Trust | Kempa M.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Meurer T.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Poetsch M.,University of Duisburg - Essen
Journal of Clinical Pathology | Year: 2016

Aims: Failure and side effects of combined cytotoxic therapy are challenges in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). DPYD gene variations can potentially predict toxicity to 5-fluorouracil (FU)-based therapy and KRAS-, NRAS-, BRAF-, PIK3CA-wild type status is a known prerequisite for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor therapy. This study was performed to search for a possible link between these therapeutic markers. Methods: The DPYD gene variations c.496A>G, c.1679T>G, c.2846A>T and KRAS/NRAS/BRAF/PIK3CA mutational status were determined in non-neoplastic, primary CRC and metastatic CRC tissue from 115 patients. Results: The polymorphism c.496A>G was the DPYD gene variant with the highest detection rate (12.9%), occurred predominantly in females (86.7%, p=0.0044) and was exclusively seen in KRAS wild type primary CRC (15/65 (23.1%) vs 0/51 (0%) in KRAS-mutated primary CRC, respectively, p=0.0001). Conclusions: This genetic profile could define a patient group requiring alternative combined therapeutic approaches. Global testing of large patient cohorts is necessary to prove this concept. Source

Kleist B.,Southern Hospital Trust | Xu L.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | Kersten C.,Southern Hospital Trust | Seel V.,University of Duisburg - Essen | And 2 more authors.
American Journal of Translational Research | Year: 2012

Morphological and clinical heterogeneity of advanced colorectal cancer is probably caused by genetic variability in putative cancer stem cell genes, including Lgr5. Here, we investigated 23 variants of the Lgr5 gene in normal tissue, primary tumors, lymph node metastases and distant metastases of stage III and stage IV colorectal cancer patients. These data were compared to results of immunohistochemical Lgr5 expression analysis and to prognostic clinical parameters. No differences were found comparing germline and somatic Lgr5 genotype in primary tumors, but additional Lgr5 gene alterations could be demonstrated in lymph node and distant metastases. Significant negative correlation was seen between Lgr5 allelic variation and Lgr5 protein expression (p=0.0394), which mainly can be attributed to the negative influence of non-coding Lgr5 gene variations on Lgr5 protein expression (p=0.0166). Lgr5 gene variants could be found more frequently in primary tumors of stage III patients with increased time to recurrence, in distant metastases of patients with better survival and in lymph node metastases of patients with poorer survival compared to patients with Lgr5 wild type in primary and metastatic tissues, respectively. However, the analytic power of these prognostic data was low due to small sample size in the investigated groups. In conclusion, our data indicate that Lgr5 allelic variation affect Lgr5 protein expression in colorectal carcinomas. The somatic Lgr5 genotype seems to be relatively stable in primary tumors, but becomes vulnerable during the metastatic process of colorectal cancer. This instability has possibly prognostic importance, which has to be further evaluated by large cohort studies. Source

Kleist B.,Southern Hospital Trust | Kempa M.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Novy M.,ViennaLab Diagnostics GmbH | Oberkanins C.,ViennaLab Diagnostics GmbH | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology | Year: 2014

Neuroendocrine differentiation of tumor tissue has been recognized as an important prerequisite for new targeted therapies. To evaluate the suitability of colorectal cancer (CRC) tissue for these treatment approaches and to find a possible link to pretherapeutic conditions of other targeted strategies, we compared neuroendocrine differentiation and KRAS/NRAS/BRAF/PIK3CA/TP53 mutational status in primary and metastatic CRC. Immunohistochemical expression analysis of neuroendocrine markers chromogranin A and synaptophysin was performed on archival CRC tissue, comprising 116 primary tumors, 258 lymph node metastases and 72 distant metastases from 115 patients. All CRC samples but 30 distant metastases were subjected to mutation analysis of KRAS, NRAS, BRAF, PIK3CA, and TP53. Neuroendocrine marker expression was found significantly less frequently in lymph node metastases compared to primary tumors and distant metastases (20%, 31%, 28%, respectively, P = 0.044). KRAS mutation rates increased significantly from primary tumors to lymph node metastases and distant metastases within the neuroendocrine negative CRC group (44%, 53%, 64%, respectively, P = 0.042). Neuroendocrine differentiation was significantly less concordant than KRAS/NRAS/BRAF/PIK3CA/TP53 mutational status in primary tumor/lymph node metastases pairs (65% versus 88%-99%; P < 0.0001) and primary tumor/distant metastases pairs (64% versus 83%-100%; P = 0.027 and P < 0.0001, respectively). According to these data, therapeutic targeting of neuroendocrine tumor cells can be considered only for a subset of CRC patients and biopsies from the metastatic site should be used to guide therapy. A possible importance of lacking neuroendocrine differentiation for progression of KRAS mutant CRC should be further investigated. Source

Vassbakk-Brovold K.,Southern Hospital Trust | Vassbakk-Brovold K.,University of Agder | Berntsen S.,University of Agder | Fegran L.,University of Agder | And 5 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Objective: Knowledge about determinants of participation in lifestyle interventions in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy, particularly with palliative intent, remains poor. The objective of the present study was to identify determinants of participating in a 12 month individualized, comprehensive lifestyle intervention, focusing on diet, physical activity, mental stress and smoking cessation, in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy with curative or palliative intent. The secondary objective was to identify participation determinants 4 months into the study. Methods: Newly diagnosed cancer patients starting chemotherapy at the cancer center in Kristiansand/Norway (during a 16 month inclusion period) were screened. Demographic and medical data (age, sex, body mass index, education level, marital status, smoking status, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG), diagnosis, tumor stage and treatment intention) was analyzed for screened patients. Results: 100 of 161 invited patients participated. There were more females (69 vs. 48%; P = 0.004), breast cancer patients (46 vs. 25%; P = 0.007), non-smokers (87 vs. 74%; P = 0.041), younger (mean age 60 vs. 67 yrs; P < 0.001) and fitter (82 vs. 64% with EGOC 0; P = 0.036) participants vs. non-participants included. In multivariate logistic regression analyses, age (Odds Ratio 0.94, 95% Confidence Interval 0.91, 0.97) and smoking (0.42, 0.18, 0.99) were negatively associated with participation. After 4 months, 63 participants were still participating. Cancer type, smoking and age increased the probability of dropping out. Multivariate logistic regression revealed that age was the only significant determinant of 4 month participation (0.95, 0.91, 0.99). Patients aged >70 years were less likely to participate at baseline and 4 months. Conclusion: Individualized lifestyle interventions in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy appear to facilitate a high participation rate that declines with increasing age; both during the enrollment process and completing the intervention. Neither oncologic nor socioeconomic variables deterred participation. Copyright: © 2015 Vassbakk-Brovold et al. Source

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