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Lismore, Australia

Southern Cross University is a research intensive Australian public university. Campuses are located on the North Coast of New South Wales, Australia and southern Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia. It also operates The Hotel School Sydney in partnership with Mulpha Australia. Close to 15,000 students are enrolled at Southern Cross University, studying on campus and via distance education. International students come from 80 countries to study onshore and it collaborates with institutions offshore in Singapore, China, Uzbekistan and New Zealand.Undergraduate and postgraduate degrees are delivered through seven academic schools and Gnibi College of Indigenous Australian Peoples. The University also operates SCU College delivering two-year associate degrees.In the Australian Research Council Excellence in Research for Australia 2012 Report, Southern Cross University achieved “well above world standard” in six fields of research including geochemistry, zoology, crop and pasture production and forestry science.Southern Cross University offers courses in arts, education, social science, business, tourism, law, health, indigenous studies, and environmental science. It introduced civil engineering in 2013. Wikipedia.

Gilleard W.L.,Southern Cross University of Australia
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth | Year: 2013

Background: A longitudinal repeated measures design over pregnancy and post-birth, with a control group would provide insight into the mechanical adaptations of the body under conditions of changing load during a common female human lifespan condition, while minimizing the influences of inter human differences. The objective was to investigate systematic changes in the range of motion for the pelvic and thoracic segments of the spine, the motion between these segments (thoracolumbar spine) and temporospatial characteristics of step width, stride length and velocity during walking as pregnancy progresses and post-birth.Methods: Nine pregnant women were investigated when walking along a walkway at a self-selected velocity using an 8 camera motion analysis system on four occasions throughout pregnancy and once post birth. A control group of twelve non-pregnant nulliparous women were tested on three occasions over the same time period. The existence of linear trends for change was investigated.Results: As pregnancy progresses there was a significant linear trend for increase in step width (p = 0.05) and a significant linear trend for decrease in stride length (p = 0.05). Concurrently there was a significant linear trend for decrease in the range of motion of the pelvic segment (p = 0.03) and thoracolumbar spine (p = 0.01) about a vertical axis (side to side rotation), and the pelvic segment (p = 0.04) range of motion around an anterio-posterior axis (side tilt). Post-birth, step width readapted whereas pelvic (p = 0.02) and thoracic (p < 0.001) segment flexion-extension range of motion decreased and increased respectively. The magnitude of all changes was greater than that accounted for with natural variability with re testing.Conclusions: As pregnancy progressed and post-birth there were significant linear trends seen in biomechanical changes when walking at a self-determined natural speed that were greater than that accounted for by natural variability with repeated testing. Not all adaptations were resolved by eight weeks post birth. © 2013 Gilleard; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Young M.,Southern Cross University of Australia
Addiction Research and Theory | Year: 2013

In this essay I examine the relationship between commercial gambling, framed as one example of global capitalist development, and the ways in which western societies respond to the social harms this activity produces. As a starting point, I historically locate a concern with risky gambling as a manifestation of the societal desire to categorise and control statistically deviant populations. I then critically examine the pathological gambler category and the prevalence surveys that have proliferated in recent times to define and populate it. Even on their own terms, these studies are seriously flawed, yet surprisingly tend to go unchallenged. This apparent contradiction may be explained by interpreting prevalence studies as a necessary precondition for the reproduction of the gambling industries. Prevalence studies serve as an epistemological device for the perpetuation of social categories that, through the transfer of risk from producers to consumers, allow for the reproduction of the gambling industries both discursively and economically. In their place, I propose a broader research agenda that challenges the conceptual and policy space explicitly and implicitly circumscribed by prevalence research. I conclude with a reflexive call for a re-evaluation of the role of the academy within this system one that is increasingly fraught with political expediency and moral jeopardy. © 2013 Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted. Source

Vanclay J.K.,Southern Cross University of Australia
Journal of Informetrics | Year: 2013

Analysis of 131 publications during 2006-2007 by staff of the School of Environmental Science and Management at Southern Cross University reveals that the journal impact factor, article length and type (i.e., article or review), and journal self-citations affect the citations accrued to 2012. Authors seeking to be well cited should aim to write comprehensive and substantial review articles, and submit them to journals with a high impact factor which has previously carried articles on the topic. Nonetheless, strategic placement of articles is complementary to, and no substitute for careful crafting of good quality research. Evidence remains equivocal regarding the contribution of an author's prior publication success (h-index) and of open-access journals. © 2012. Source

Reichelt-Brushett A.,Southern Cross University of Australia
Oceanography | Year: 2012

Mining is an important contribution to the economy of many developing tropical regions. Many sites of mining interest in the tropics have island geographies and potentially limited land area. While the limited land area may drive consideration of tailings disposal to the ocean, it is important to recognize that local communities depend on the ocean as a major supplier of dietary protein. Impact assessment of tailings disposal to the ocean is usually limited by budgets and time frames that result in a limited capacity to understand longer-term risks to food chains and marine ecosystems, including the interactions between deeper-and shallower-water ecosystems. This article reviews three factors-tailing characterization, ecotoxicology, and bioaccumulation/biomagnifications-in relation to the current application of these methods to risk assessment of submarine tailings disposal (STD), and it identifies ways to improve current practices. A decision-tree approach has been developed specific to STD risk assessment for implementation at the pre-proposal stage of a project. This decision tree highlights the urgent need for development and application of suitable and relevant risk assessment tools for tropical marine environments and identifies opportunities for intergovernmental standards for risk assessment of marine disposal of mine tailings within the framework of the Coral Triangle Initiative. © 2012 by The Oceanography Society. All rights reserved. Source

Woinarski J.C.Z.,Charles Darwin University | Harrison P.L.,Southern Cross University of Australia
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America | Year: 2015

The highly distinctive and mostly endemic Australian land mammal fauna has suffered an extraordinary rate of extinction (>10% of the 273 endemic terrestrial species) over the last ∼200 y: in comparison, only one native land mammal from continental North America became extinct since European settlement. A further 21% of Australian endemic land mammal species are now assessed to be threatened, indicating that the rate of loss (of one to two extinctions per decade) is likely to continue. Australia's marine mammals have fared better overall, but status assessment for them is seriously impeded by lack of information. Much of the loss of Australian land mammal fauna (particularly in the vast deserts and tropical savannas) has been in areas that are remote from human population centers and recognized as relatively unmodified at global scale. In contrast to general patterns of extinction on other continents where the main cause is habitat loss, hunting, and impacts of human development, particularly in areas of high and increasing human population pressures, the loss of Australian land mammals is most likely due primarily to predation by introduced species, particularly the feral cat, Felis catus, and European red fox, Vulpes vulpes, and changed fire regimes. © 2015, National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Source

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