Zhou Z.,Southwest Petroleum University |
Zhou Z.,Xi'an University of Science and Technology |
Wang X.,Southwest Petroleum University |
Yin G.,Southeast Sichuan Geological Team of Chongqing Bureau of Geology and Minerals Exploitation |
And 2 more authors.
Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering | Year: 2016
The Dengying Formation is an important stratum of exploration in the Gaoshiti-Moxi structure belt in the Sichuan Basin. Therefore, this study combines core, thin section, mud logging data and geochemical analysis (C, O and Sr isotopes) with seismic section data to investigate the basic characteristics and genesis of the Dengying Formation reservoir. Observations indicate that the reservoir rocks mainly consist of sand crumb dolomites, algae laminated dolomite and breccia. The reservoir space is dominated by porous dissolved holes, dissolved pores (or holes) along the direction of algal laminae, intra-grit holes and residual "grape lace" holes. The reservoir has the characteristics of low porosity and medium-permeability. There are three types of reservoir: porous reservoir, fractured porous reservoir and cave reservoir. The reservoir was formed by the common action of deposition, diagenesis and tectogenesis. Sedimentation is the basis and presupposition for reservoir development, but the effective reservoir is mainly controlled by the algal flat microfacies; Furthermore, compaction, cementation and filling are the main causes of reservoir density; Recrystallization is the basis for the formation of porous reservoir; Supergene dissolution is the key to reservoir formation; Buried dissolution also promotes the formation of a high quality reservoir. The fractures formed by tectogenesis significantly improve the permeability of the reservoir and contribute very little to porosity. The reservoir gradually evolved and formed under the control of various geological and diagenetic activities. This study provides important information and references for oil and gas exploitation and development in central Sichuan. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.