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Kim J.K.,Pukyong National University | Baek H.-J.,Pukyong National University | Kim J.-W.,Gangwon Province College | Chang D.-S.,Subtropical Fisheries Research Center | Kim J.-I.,Southeast Sea Fisheries Research Institute
Fisheries and Aquatic Science | Year: 2012

Scartelaos gigas is an amphibious mudskipper species that inhabits mud flats in Korea, China, and Taiwan. This fish is at risk of extinction because of its very restricted habitat and overexploitation. Information about this fish's reproductive characteristics is needed for species conservation. The sexual maturity and early life history of S. gigas were investigated through histological methods and direct observation of eggs in the wild, respectively. In total, 560 individuals of S. gigas were collected with the aid of fishermen from March 2003 to October 2003 at Jung-do Island, southwest Korea. Through microscopic observations of gonadal development, it was determined that S. gigas of both sexes were immature in April, but began to reach maturity in May, and were then fully mature by June, which was maintained until July. In August, some female fish developed early oocytes, but by September oocytes were observed to have degenerated and had been absorbed. Spawned eggs were elliptical and had an average size of 1.37 mm (long axis) by 0.69 mm (short axis). The newly hatched larvae (3.03 mm total length, TL) had an open mouth and anus, two melanophores near the anus, and one large melanophore between the 18th and 19th myomeres. The larvae (3.18 mm TL) showed absorption of the yolk and oil globule within 5 days after hatching and became prelarvae. This species should be considered vulnerable or conservation-dependent, and thus parental fish need to be protected from fishermen during the main spawning season (June). © The Korean Society of Fisheries and Aquatic Science.

Kwon J.-Y.,NFRDI | Song K.C.,NFRDI | Son K.-T.,NFRDI | Yu H.,NFRDI | And 8 more authors.
Fisheries and Aquatic Science | Year: 2011

This study was conducted to develop a proficiency test (PT) specimen for the enumeration of Escherichia coli, a sanitary indicative bacterium, in molluscan bivalve shellfish. The common mussel Mytilus edulis was chosen as a matrix for the PT specimen. Mussels were artificially bioaccumulated for approximately 3 h with E. coli culture. After determining the homogeneity of samples, samples were distributed to 17 participants involved in the proficiency testing program. The enumeration of E. coli was performed by the most probable number method of the American Public Health Association. Statistical evaluations of the results obtained from inter-and intra-laboratory variation indicated no significant differences in the accuracy of these techniques between participants, indicating z-scores of ≤±2 and suggesting that preparation of the PT specimen for enumerating E coli in shellfish was successful. © The Korean Society of Fisheries and Aquatic Science.

Choi H.J.,South Korean National Fisheries Research and Development Institute | Hwang J.Y.,South Korean National Fisheries Research and Development Institute | Choi D.L.,South Korean National Fisheries Research and Development Institute | Huh M.D.,Pukyong National University | And 6 more authors.
Korean Journal of Parasitology | Year: 2011

In order to assess changes in the activity of immunecompetency present in Crassostrea gigas infected with Marteilioides chungmuensis (Protozoa), the total hemocyte counts (THC), hemocyte populations, hemocyte viability, and phagocytosis rate were measured in oysters using flow cytometry. THC were increased significantly in oysters infected with M. chungmuensis relative to the healthy appearing oysters (HAO) (P<0.05). Among the total hemocyte composition, granulocyte levels were significantly increased in infected oysters as compared with HAO (P<0.05). In addition, the hyalinocyte was reduced significantly (P<0.05). The hemocyte viability did not differ between infected oysters and HAO. However, the phagocytosis rate was significantly higher in infected oysters relative to HAO (P<0.05). The measurement of alterations in the activity of immunecompetency in oysters, which was conducted via flow cytometry in this study, might be a useful biomarker of the defense system for evaluating the effects of ovarian parasites of C. gigas. © 2011, Korean Society for Parasitology.

Choi J.-H.,Southeast Sea Fisheries Research Institute | Park W.-G.,Pukyong National University
Crustaceana | Year: 2016

Total length, and the length of carapace and telson, are generally used to measure the size of mysid crustaceans. However, this method may not be as accurate for measuring these animals, since mysids commonly bend their abdomen when they are collected and preserved. Besides, the fragile carapace of mysids may result in less accurate outputs in such size measurements. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between carapace length and statolith diameter in Mysida. The carapace length and statolith diameter were measured in 1199 individuals of Neomysis nigra Nakazawa, 1910. The statolith diameter was significantly correlated with carapace length. It is suggested that the statolith diameter of mysids could be used as an alternative measurement for characterizing body size in these crustaceans. © National Institute of Fisheries Sciences, Korea 2016.

Cho M.-Y.,South Korean National Fisheries Research and Development Institute | Won K.-M.,Southeast Sea Fisheries Research Institute | Kim J.-W.,South Korean National Fisheries Research and Development Institute | Jee B.-Y.,South Korean National Fisheries Research and Development Institute | And 2 more authors.
Diseases of Aquatic Organisms | Year: 2014

Koi herpesvirus (KHV) disease is a lethal disease in common carp, an important food fish in Asian countries, the seed of which is used in restocking programs for freshwater fishery management. We inspected apparently healthy seed stock of common carp Cyprinus carpio L. and Siberian crucian carp Carassius auratus for the presence of KHV using PCR-based diagnostic tests as a part of a stock enhancement program from 2009 to 2010 in Korea. Consequently, KHV was detected from 24 of 232 inspections with yearly detection percentages of 5.2% in 2009 and 15.5% in 2010 using PCR primer sets for TK or SphI-5 as recommended by the OIE Manual of Diagnostic Tests for Aquatic Animals. Results indicate that the SphI-5 primer set was slightly more sensitive than the TK primer set, as shown by a higher detection rate. To determine the genotype of the KHV strains detected in this study, ORF40-specific PCR amplification was conducted, and the PCR products from 6 samples showed 100% nucleotide sequence identity with a Japanese strain (Gen- Bank accession number AP008984) but not with US (DG657948) and Israeli strains (DG177346). This report conclusively demonstrated the presence of KHV in externally healthy seed of common carp and Siberian crucian carp, indicating a possible risk that subclinically infected seed stock can be released with a potential threat to wild populations.

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