South East, United Kingdom

Southampton Solent University
South East, United Kingdom

Southampton Solent University is a university of over 20,000 students based in Southampton, United Kingdom. Its main campus is located on East Park Terrace near the city centre.Solent University students are represented by Solent Students' Union, which is based on the East Park Terrace campus. Wikipedia.

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Kenwright B.,Southampton Solent University
FTC 2016 - Proceedings of Future Technologies Conference | Year: 2016

Unlike traditional animation techniques, which attempt to copy human movement, 'cognitive' animation solutions mimic the brain's approach to problem solving, i.e., a logical (intelligent) thinking structure. This procedural animation solution uses bio-inspired insights (modelling nature and the workings of the brain) to unveil a new generation of intelligent agents. As with any promising new approach, it raises hopes and questions; an extremely challenging task that offers a revolutionary solution, not just in animation but to a variety of fields, from intelligent robotics and physics to nanotechnology and electrical engineering. Questions, such as, how does the brain coordinate muscle signals? How does the brain know which body parts to move? With all these activities happening in our brain, we examine how our brain 'sees' our body and how it can affect our movements. Through this understanding of the human brain and the cognitive process, models can be created to mimic our abilities, such as, synthesizing actions that solve and react to unforeseen problems in a humanistic manner. We present an introduction to the concept of cognitive skills, as an aid in finding and designing a viable solution. This helps us address principal challenges, such as: How do characters perceive the outside world (input) and how does this input influence their motions? What is required to emulate adaptive learning skills as seen in higher life-forms (e.g., a child's cognitive learning process)? How can we control and 'direct' these autonomous procedural character motions? Finally, drawing from experimentation and literature, we suggest hypotheses for solving these questions and more. In summary, this article analyses the biological and cognitive workings of the human mind, specifically motor skills. Reviewing cognitive psychology research related to movement in an attempt to produce more attentive behavioural characteristics. We conclude with a discussion on the significance of cognitive methods for creating virtual character animations, limitations and future applications. © 2016 IEEE.

The project will define and undertake scientific methods for measurement of fatigue in various realistic seagoing scenarios using bridge, engine-room and cargo simulators; will assess the impact of fatigue on decision-making performance and will determine optimal settings for minimising those risks to both ship and seafarer. Three simulator-equipped institutes will collaborate in ensuring that enough runs of sufficient duration are undertaken to replicate ship-board conditions of operation, with real-life scenarios of voyage, workload and interruptions. Specialist input from a stress research institute, skilled in transport operations research, will set the requirements for fatigue measurement and determining performance degradation of watch-keepers. Results will be analysed and recommendations made for application by interested parties, including ship owners, maritime regulators and those setting requirements for manning and operation of ships. Output will be a Management Toolkit with software and guidance notes. Involvement of a classification society, seafarer officers union and six stakeholder partners provide expert objectivity of the project and its results, as well as widening routes for dissemination and exploitation. The project addresses concerns over the increasing losses (human, financial and environmental) of maritime accidents which frequently cite fatigue as a contributory cause and thereby resonates with the objectives and impacts of the work programme. This is a major issue at a time when the high demand for shipping capacity has led to shortages of well-qualified and experienced seafarers. The project surpasses past subjective fatigue studies, highlighting the problem, and will produce validated, statistically robust results for use in decision making, using the toolkit of results and findings. HORIZON thereby impacts on the FP7 aims of increased safety and security, reduced fatalities, with a methodology for reducing human error.

Barlow C.,Southampton Solent University
Medical Problems of Performing Artists | Year: 2010

In recent years, there has been a rapid growth in university courses related to popular and commercial music, with a commensurate increase in the number of students studying these courses. Students of popular music subjects are frequently involved in the use of electronically amplified sound for rehearsal and recording, in addition to the "normal" noise exposure commonly associated with young people. The combination of these two elements suggests a higher than average noise exposure hazard for these students. To date, the majority of noise studies on students have focused on exposure from personal music players and on classical, orchestral, and marching band musicians. One hundred students across a range of university popular music courses were surveyed using a 30-point questionnaire regarding their musical habits both within and external to their university courses. This was followed by noise dosimetry of studios/recording spaces and music venues popular with students. Questionnaire responses showed 76% of subjects reported having experienced symptoms associated with hearing loss, while only 18% reported using hearing protection devices. Rehearsals averaged 11.5 hrs/wk, with a mean duration 2 hrs 13 mins and mean level of 98 dB LAEQ. Ninety-four percent of subjects reported attending concerts or nightclubs at least once per week, and measured exposure in two of these venues ranged from 98 to 112 dB LAEQ witha mean of 98.9 dB LAEQ over a 4.5-hr period. Results suggested an extremely high hazard of excessive noise exposure among this group from both their social and study-based music activities.

Hobbs M.B.,Southampton Solent University
Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine | Year: 2014

Background: Nitrogen (N2) in air causes cognitive impairment from gas narcosis when breathed at increased ambient pressures. This impairment might be reduced by using enriched air nitrox (EANx) mixtures, which have a higher oxygen and lower N2 content compared to air. This study aimed to investigate if divers differed in memory ability and selfassessment when breathing air and EANx30. Methods: The effect of depth (shallow vs. deep) and breathing gas (air vs. EANx30) on memory ability and subjective ratings of impairment was compared in 20 divers. Results: Memory performance was significantly worse in deep water (Air: M = 22.1%, SD = 21.7%; EANx30: M = 22.1%, SD = 17.2%) compared to shallow water (Air: M = 29.2%, SD = 18.3%; EANx30: M = 33.3%, SD = 18.2%), but this impairment did not differ significantly between air and EANx30. Subjective ratings of impairment increased significantly from shallow water (Air: M = 5.2, SD = 5.9; EANx30: M = 3.0, SD = 4.4) to deep water (Air: M = 36.8, SD = 25.3; EANx30: M = 24.8, SD = 16.1) when breathing both air and EANx30. However, ratings were significantly lower when breathing EANx30 compared to air when in the deep water. Discussion: It was concluded EANx30 does not reduce narcotic impairment over air. Additionally, divers were able to make a correct global self-assessment they were impaired by narcosis, but were unable to make a finer assessment, leading them to erroneously believe that EANx30 was less narcotic than air. © by the Aerospace Medical Association, Alexandria, VA.

Gallagher A.,Southampton Solent University
Ocean and Coastal Management | Year: 2010

This paper presents a systems-based appraisal methodology that has been designed specifically to consider the effectiveness of Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) initiatives. Since ICZM is defined in terms of achieving sustainable development, any such initiative must therefore be capable of meeting the multiple and often conflicting objectives inherent in this ubiquitous concept. The methodology outlined here is designed to critically review ICZM in order to pinpoint areas of management weakness and determine the likely 'success' of the process. It represents an example of a management system, incorporates both qualitative and quantitative information, and is proposed as a 'Coastal Sustainability Standard' (CoSS). Initial field testing of the methodology has proved successful and shown that the approach holds some efficacy as a means of assessment. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Knowledge Transfer Partnership | Award Amount: 32.01K | Year: 2015

To create and embed an innovative NPD capability for developing highly bespoke electronic plug and play dual control systems for use in a range of road, military, track, emergency and specialist vehicles.

Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Knowledge Transfer Partnership | Award Amount: 31.52K | Year: 2015

To develop and embed the capability for delivering innovative e-learning training focussed on the security industry and utilising the principles of gamification and edutainment.

Agency: GTR | Branch: EPSRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 49.80K | Year: 2011

Effective prediction, for example of project cost, is an essential aspect of software engineering. Although considerable research has been devoted to this topic, the role of human experts has been under-emphasised. Our aim is to investigate the impact of enhanced metacognitive awareness on prediction and confidence (uncertainty assessment) to improve the prediction practices of software professionals. This will be accomplished by developing metacognitive awareness during a series of experiments with software professionals as participants. The major outcomes will be a better understanding of (i) the factors that influence prediction and uncertainty assessment skills and (ii) how industry practice can be enhanced. The findings will impact the software industry, its clients and other sectors where accurate predictions are required in uncertain environments.

Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Knowledge Transfer Partnership | Award Amount: 32.87K | Year: 2015

To develop and embed innovative capabilities for collection, management and reporting of UK port data enabling real time decision making for the provision of port based welfare services and implementation of e-marketing.

Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Knowledge Transfer Partnership | Award Amount: 32.22K | Year: 2015

To create and embed innovative capabilities for managing data using intelligent mobile-health (m-health) tool for real time decision making supporting children in residential/foster care and to develop m-health applications.

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