Southampton Solent University is a university of over 20,000 students based in Southampton, United Kingdom. Its main campus is located on East Park Terrace near the city centre.Solent University students are represented by Solent Students' Union, which is based on the East Park Terrace campus. Wikipedia.
Barlow C.,Southampton Solent University
Medical Problems of Performing Artists | Year: 2011
The number of students studying popular music, music technology, and sound engineering courses at both school and university to has increased rapidly in the last few years. These students are generally involved in music-making/recording and listening to a high level, usually in environments with amplified music. Recent studies have shown that these students are potentially exposed to a high risk of noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) and are not covered by the same regulatory framework as employees. This study examined the pure tone air conduction hearing thresholds of 50 undergraduate students, including recent school leavers, on a range of popular music courses, to assess if there was evidence of hearing loss. Forty-four percent of students showed evidence of audiometric notch at 4-6 kHz, and 16% were classified under the UK Occupational Health and Safety guidelines as exhibiting mild hearing loss. Instance of audiometric notch was considerably higher than reported from studies of the general population but was around the same level or lower than that reported from studies of "traditional" music courses and conservatoires, suggesting no higher risk for popular music students than for "classical" music students. No relationship with age was present, suggesting that younger students were as likely to exhibit audiometric notch as mature students. This indicates that these students may be damaging their hearing through leisure activities while still at school, suggesting a need for robust education measures to focus on noise exposure of young people.
Fisher J.,Southampton Solent University
Journal of Exercise Physiology Online | Year: 2012
While many individuals perform resistance training with the purpose of increasing the size of their muscles, reviews have not clarified a training prescription for optimizing hypertrophy. A 2010 meta-analysis concluded that multiple set training resulted in greater hypertrophic gains compared to single set training. However, while the use of meta-analysis in exercise physiology is well documented, there is sufficient reason to be cautious when applying a single statistic acquired by combining multiple studies and the relevant effect sizes (ES). This paper reviews the articles included within the 2010 metaanalysis. In particular, the differences in subject training experience,gender, and clinical condition, the training frequency, the intervention duration, the repetition duration used, and the method of measuring hypertrophy, as well as other variables that appear not to have been considered are discussed in this paper. The substantial limitations in comparing or grouping these articles suggest that the meta-analysis cannot be used to support the conclusion that multiple sets produce greater hypertrophic gains than single set training.
Barlow C.,Southampton Solent University
Medical Problems of Performing Artists | Year: 2010
In recent years, there has been a rapid growth in university courses related to popular and commercial music, with a commensurate increase in the number of students studying these courses. Students of popular music subjects are frequently involved in the use of electronically amplified sound for rehearsal and recording, in addition to the "normal" noise exposure commonly associated with young people. The combination of these two elements suggests a higher than average noise exposure hazard for these students. To date, the majority of noise studies on students have focused on exposure from personal music players and on classical, orchestral, and marching band musicians. One hundred students across a range of university popular music courses were surveyed using a 30-point questionnaire regarding their musical habits both within and external to their university courses. This was followed by noise dosimetry of studios/recording spaces and music venues popular with students. Questionnaire responses showed 76% of subjects reported having experienced symptoms associated with hearing loss, while only 18% reported using hearing protection devices. Rehearsals averaged 11.5 hrs/wk, with a mean duration 2 hrs 13 mins and mean level of 98 dB LAEQ. Ninety-four percent of subjects reported attending concerts or nightclubs at least once per week, and measured exposure in two of these venues ranged from 98 to 112 dB LAEQ witha mean of 98.9 dB LAEQ over a 4.5-hr period. Results suggested an extremely high hazard of excessive noise exposure among this group from both their social and study-based music activities.
Hobbs M.B.,Southampton Solent University
Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine | Year: 2014
Background: Nitrogen (N2) in air causes cognitive impairment from gas narcosis when breathed at increased ambient pressures. This impairment might be reduced by using enriched air nitrox (EANx) mixtures, which have a higher oxygen and lower N2 content compared to air. This study aimed to investigate if divers differed in memory ability and selfassessment when breathing air and EANx30. Methods: The effect of depth (shallow vs. deep) and breathing gas (air vs. EANx30) on memory ability and subjective ratings of impairment was compared in 20 divers. Results: Memory performance was significantly worse in deep water (Air: M = 22.1%, SD = 21.7%; EANx30: M = 22.1%, SD = 17.2%) compared to shallow water (Air: M = 29.2%, SD = 18.3%; EANx30: M = 33.3%, SD = 18.2%), but this impairment did not differ significantly between air and EANx30. Subjective ratings of impairment increased significantly from shallow water (Air: M = 5.2, SD = 5.9; EANx30: M = 3.0, SD = 4.4) to deep water (Air: M = 36.8, SD = 25.3; EANx30: M = 24.8, SD = 16.1) when breathing both air and EANx30. However, ratings were significantly lower when breathing EANx30 compared to air when in the deep water. Discussion: It was concluded EANx30 does not reduce narcotic impairment over air. Additionally, divers were able to make a correct global self-assessment they were impaired by narcosis, but were unable to make a finer assessment, leading them to erroneously believe that EANx30 was less narcotic than air. © by the Aerospace Medical Association, Alexandria, VA.
La Placa V.,University of Greenwich |
Knight A.,Southampton Solent University
Public Health | Year: 2014
Objectives: To explore the emergence of the concept of well-being and examine its influences on the modernization of the public health structure at the local level. Study design: The article applies a theoretical and policy orientated approach. Methods: The article assesses the concept of well-being and applies its uses to local policy and practice. Results: The concept of well-being has implications for the development of local public health structures, policy making and delivery. Conclusions: In terms of local policy making, it enables public health professionals to develop locally based concepts and uses of well-being, engage communities, make links to social capital and consider wider determinants within them. In terms of delivery, it focuses attention on the need for collaboration between local statutory and voluntary organizations in applying local concepts of well-being to public health policy; and engaging with healthcare interventions grounded within local context and needs. © 2013 The Royal Society for Public Health.