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Bozshataeva G.T.,South Kazakhstan State Universitety Named After Mauezov | Ospanova G.S.,South Kazakhstan State Universitety Named After Mauezov | Turabaeva G.K.,South Kazakhstan State Universitety Named After Mauezov | Niazbekova L.S.,South Kazakhstan State Universitety Named After Mauezov | And 5 more authors.
Life Science Journal | Year: 2014

The aim of the study is to explore the mutagenic activity of triazine herbicides in the system bacteria/plant homogenate. Chlorinated triazine herbicides atrazine, propazin, simazine, cyanazine, trietazin that are inactive in direct scan, can be activated into mutagens by the used vegetable microsomal systems. Plant homogenates were prepared from 5-day-old pea germs, wheat, corn, barley, cucumber and spiderwert. In the experiment T more sensitive plasmid strains TA98 and TA100 of S.typhimurium were used. The results showed that propazin, atrazine, simazine, cyanazine and trietazin are plant promutagens and their mutagenic properties appear only in the presence of plant enzymes. The greatest activating effect had homogenates of barley and spiderwert. The relative specificity of their action was revealed: barley homogenate better activates propazin, atrazine and simazine, and homogenate of spiderwert - cyanazine and trietazin.

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