South east Asian Biodiversity Society


South east Asian Biodiversity Society

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YONG D.L.,National University of Singapore | LIM K.S.,Bird Group | LIM K.C.,Bird Group | TAN T.,Bird Group | And 2 more authors.
Bird Conservation International | Year: 2017

The globally threatened Straw-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus is one of South-East Asia’s most imperilled songbirds due to the surging demand for the species in the regional bird trade. Recently uplisted from Vulnerable to Endangered, populations of the Straw-headed Bulbul have been extirpated from Java, Thailand and possibly Sumatra while those in Borneo and Peninsular Malaysia are in decline. Intriguingly, a significant yet rarely documented population of this species persists in Singapore. A major stronghold in Singapore is Ubin Island where a population is known since the 1920s. Using a long-term citizen science dataset rarely available for South-East Asian bird species, we determined the status and population trends of the Straw-headed Bulbul in Singapore over a 10–15 year period using Poisson regression models and standardised population indices. We found that the Straw-headed Bulbul population has increased at a rate of 3.69 ± 1.21% per annum on Ubin Island, while the population on Singapore Island remained stable (0.56% per annum) from 2000 to 2016. The population trends in Singapore contrast starkly with the declines reported elsewhere in South-East Asia. We estimated the population in Singapore to be a minimum of 202 individuals, distributed over multiple forest patches. The largest subpopulation of about 110 adult individuals persists on Ubin and which alone forms between 6.5–18.3% of the estimated global population in 2016. Given this unique situation, we recommend a number of conservation measures for the Straw-headed Bulbul to better protect the species, including: (1) an expansion of the protected area network in Singapore to include Ubin as a reserve, (2) the development of an endangered species management plan and, (3) the establishment of ex-situ conservation programmes in zoological institutions and wildlife centres in the region. Copyright © BirdLife International 2017

Fam S.D.,Australian National University | Xiong J.,National University of Singapore | Xiong G.,South east Asian Biodiversity Society | Yong D.L.,South east Asian Biodiversity Society | And 2 more authors.
Energy Policy | Year: 2014

The Fukushima disaster was a wake-up call for the nuclear industry as well as a shocking revelation of the inner workings of the Japanese power sector. The political fallout from the event was far-reaching, pushing governments into abandoning nuclear expansion, turning instead to fossil fuels and renewable energy alternatives. While the move away from nuclear energy was deemed a move critical to political survival in Europe, we find that political candidates running on anti-nuclear platforms did not win elections, while the pro-nuclear Liberal Democratic Party won government in the 2012 elections. Against this backdrop, we analyse the energy conflict in Japan using a framework of values versus interests and consider the regulatory and cultural conditions that contributed to the disaster. A number of considerations lie in the way of an organised phase-out of nuclear power in Japan. We also consider the possible policy paths Japan may take. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Fam S.D.,Oxford Brookes University | Fam S.D.,National University of Singapore | Tan Y.S.,South east Asian Biodiversity Society | Waitt C.,Oxford Brookes University | Waitt C.,University of Oxford
International Journal of Primatology | Year: 2012

Animal stereotypies have long been used in the study of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in humans. These studies have led to the understanding of some of the molecular pathways in the disorder and the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and myo-inositol in the treatment of these conditions. If animal models, especially nonhuman primate models, were used to study human disorders and if the resulting treatments were successful, then conversely one should be able to treat nonhuman primate stereotypies with similar methods. We here summarize animal models of OCD (including nonhuman primate models) and human OCD treatments, and using successful human treatment by myo-inositol as models, recommend the use of myo-inositol in good captive management practice and the treatment of nonhuman primate stereotypies. We believe that this would be particularly useful in the treatment of stereotypies in nonhuman primates because they are physiologically so similar to humans. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Yong D.L.,South east Asian Biodiversity Society | Harris J.B.C.,University of Adelaide | Harris J.B.C.,Princeton University | Rasmussen P.C.,Michigan State University | And 5 more authors.
Kukila | Year: 2012

The Satanic Nightjar Eurostopodus diabolicus, rediscovered in 1996, is a hitherto poorly known nocturnal bird endemic to Sulawesi's hill and montane forests with only two documented nest records to date. Here, we describe two further nest records from the Anaso track in Lore Lindu National Park (LLNP), Central Sulawesi, which extend the known breeding season by five months. This suggests the breeding season lasts at least seven months, from March to October. Both nests were on the ground in forest clearings with at least a partial ground cover of ferns and moss, and both contained single chicks. The nestling period was at least 31 days. Our records of vocalizing individuals at 2,300m asl extend the known upper elevation limit of the species. Apparent plumage and vocal differences between birds in North and Central Sulawesi suggest that the species is not monotypic, although further study is needed.

Yong D.L.,South east Asian Biodiversity Society | Fam S.D.,South east Asian Biodiversity Society | Fam S.D.,National University of Singapore | Lum S.,Nature Society Singapore | Lum S.,Singapore National Institute of Education
Tropical Conservation Science | Year: 2011

Outreach and education on conservation issues are crucial elements of successful conservation programmes. Big screen animations have a global reach, yet are not fully capitalised by conservationists. There remains great potential in developing them into powerful biodiversity and conservation education outreach tools despite known limitations in scientific value. We reviewed recent major animated films with multiple conservation themes (e.g. extinction, wildlife trade, ex-situ conservation) that feature tropical biodiversity, especially endemics, charismatic flagship or threatened species in authentic natural settings. We acknowledge that while the potential to develop animated films into effective biodiversity and conservation education tools is undoubted, there is a crucial need to complement them with supporting education materials, campaigns and activities. Partnerships formed between animation studios, conservation NGOs and local stakeholders will be essential in such efforts. © Ding Li Yong, Shun Deng Fam and Shawn Lum.

Despite high overseas demand for native Australian parrots, there are few published studies quantifying the global trade in this group of birds. This study investigates the global trade in Australian parrots listed in the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) via Singapore, a transit hub for the trade in exotic wildlife. Between 2005 and 2011, 19964 Australian parrots, of 27 species and 2 subspecies, listed in Appendices I and II of CITES were imported into Singapore, of which 10935, of 22 species and 2 subspecies, were subsequently exported, accounting for 10% of all reported bird trade by Singapore. Major exporters of Australian parrots, all of which were declared as captive-bred, include the Netherlands and South Africa, with major consumer markets in Taiwan and the United Arab Emirates. The high overseas demand for Australian parrots, coupled with the lack of a systematic reporting and monitoring framework for wildlife trade in many countries, is potentially being exploited by wildlife smugglers within and outside of Australia. These findings have important implications for future efforts to legalise the controlled export of native parrots from Australia. © BirdLife Australia 2014.

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