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Chan Z.,Third Institute of Oceanography | Zhong T.,Third Institute of Oceanography | Yi Z.,Third Institute of Oceanography | Xiao J.,Third Institute of Oceanography | Zeng R.,South China Sea Bio Resource Exploitation and Utilization Collaborative Innovation Center
Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering | Year: 2015

The aim of this work is to enhance enduracidin production by Streptomyces sp. MC079. Based on the time course analysis of the specific cell growth rate and specific enduracidin formation rate, a two–stage pH control strategy was proposed to improve enduracidin production by shifting the culture pH from 5.5 to 5.8 after 112 h of cultivation. By applying this pH control strategy, enduracidin concentration and productivity was 51.2 and 65.0% higher than results with uncontrolled pH batch fermentation. For further enhancement of enduracidin production, the effects of constant–rate feeding and pH-shift feeding strategy were investigated. The results indicated that the pH-shift feeding strategy increased the maximum concentration and productivity of enduracidin to 61.37 mg/L and 0.697 mg/L/h in the constant–rate feeding fermentation process. This is 73.3 and 88.9% higher than results with uncontrolled pH batch fermentation, respectively. The obtained optimal pH shift feeding strategy may be useful for the industrial–scale microbial production of enduracidin. © 2015, The Korean Society for Biotechnology and Bioengineering and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source


Zhou H.,Sun Yat Sen University | Sun X.,Sun Yat Sen University | Sun X.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Marine Resources and Coastal Engineering | Sun X.,South China Sea Bio Resource Exploitation and Utilization Collaborative Innovation Center | And 5 more authors.
Ore Geology Reviews | Year: 2016

The Beiya deposit, located in the Sanjiang Tethyan tectonic domain (SW China), is the third largest Au deposit in China (323 t Au @ 2.47 g/t). As a porphyry-skarn deposit, Beiya is related to Cenozoic (Himalayan) alkaline porphyries. Abundant Bi-minerals have been recognized from both the porphyry- and skarn- ores, comprising bismuthinite, Bi–Cu sulfosalts (emplectite, wittichenite), Bi–Pb sulfosalts (galenobismutite, cosalite), Bi–Ag sulfosalt (matildite), Bi–Cu–Pb sulfosalts (bismuthinite derivatives), Bi–Pb–Ag sulfosalts (lillianite homologs, galena-matildite series), and Bi chalcogenides (tsumoite, the unnamed Bi2Te, the unnamed Ag4Bi3Te3, tetradymite, and the unnamed (Bi, Pb)3(Te, S)4). Native bismuth and maldonite are also found in the skarn ores. The arsenopyrite geothermometer reveals that the porphyry Au mineralization took place at temperatures in the range of 350–450 °C and at log fS2 in the range of − 8.0 to − 5.5, respectively. In contrast, the Beiya Bi-mineral assemblages indicate that the skarn ore-forming fluids had minimum temperatures of 230–175 °C (prevailing temperatures exceeding 271 °C) and fluctuating fS2–fTe2 conditions. We also model a prolonged skarn Au mineralization history at Beiya, including at least two episodes of Bi melts scavenging Au. We thus suggest that this process was among the most effective Au-enrichment mechanisms at Beiya. © 2016 Elsevier B.V. Source


Liang J.,CAS South China Sea Institute of Oceanology | Zhang Y.,CAS South China Sea Institute of Oceanology | Sun A.,CAS South China Sea Institute of Oceanology | Deng D.,CAS South China Sea Institute of Oceanology | And 2 more authors.
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology | Year: 2016

A novel microbial esterase BSE01281 identified from the Indian Ocean was cloned, expressed, and functionally characterized. Esterase BSE01281 could enanoselectively resolve (±)-1-phenylethanol and (±)-1-phenylethyl acetate through two types of enzymatic reactions. After the optimization of enzymatic reactions, BSE01281 could efficiently generate (R)-1-phenylethyl acetate with high enantiomeric excess (>99 %) and high conversion (42 %) after 96 h trans-esterification reactions. Additionally, BSE01281 could also produce (R)-1-phenylethanol (e.e. > 99 %) and (S)-1-phenylethyl acetate (e.e. > 95 %) at a conversion of 49 % through direct hydrolysis of inexpensive racemic 1-phenylethyl acetate for 8 h. Optically pure (R)-1-phenylethanol generated from direct enzymatic hydrolysis of racemic 1-phenylethyl acetate by BSE01281 is not easily prepared by dehydrogenases, which generally follow the “Prelog’s rule” and give (S)-1-phenylethanol instead. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source


Deng D.,CAS South China Sea Institute of Oceanology | Deng D.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences | Zhang Y.,CAS South China Sea Institute of Oceanology | Sun A.,CAS South China Sea Institute of Oceanology | And 3 more authors.
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology | Year: 2016

A novel GDSL lipase (MT6) was cloned from the genome of Marinactinospora thermotolerans SCSIO 00652 identified from the South China Sea. MT6 showed its maximum identity of 59 % with a putative lipase from Nocardiopsis dassonville. MT6 was heterologously expressed in E. coli BL21(DE3) and further functionally characterized. MT6 could efficiently resolve racemic 1-phenylethanol and generate (R)-1-phenylethanol with high enantiomeric excess (99 %) and conversion rate (54 %) through transesterification reactions after process optimization. Our report was the first one report about the utilization of one GDSL lipase in the preparation of chiral chemicals by transesterification reactions, and the optical selectivity of MT6 was interestingly opposite to those of other common lipases. GDSL lipases represented by MT6 possess great potential for the generation of valuable chiral chemicals in industry. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York Source


Wang L.,Jilin Agricultural University | Wang J.,CAS South China Sea Institute of Oceanology | Wang L.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Ma S.,Jilin University | And 2 more authors.
Molecules | Year: 2015

This review, with 42 references, presents the fascinating area of anti-enterovirus 71 natural products over the last three decades for the first time. It covers literature published from 2005-2015 and refers to compounds isolated from biogenic sources. In total, 58 naturally-occurring anti-EV71 compounds are recorded. © 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Source

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