Hu Y.,Central South University of forestry and Technology |
Hu Y.,South China Institute of Endangered Animals and Guangdong Entomological Institute |
Yao Z.,South China Institute of Endangered Animals and Guangdong Entomological Institute |
Huang Z.,South China Institute of Endangered Animals and Guangdong Entomological Institute |
And 5 more authors.
Acta Theriologica Sinica
The Mt. Qomolangma Natural Reserve, Tibet (QNR) conserves the extreme-highly mountainous ecosystem of Mt. Qomolangma and, thus, plays an important ecological role. However, its mammalian fauna is still a mystery, due to its harsh natural environments and difficult access. We carried out five field baseline surveys of mammalian diversity in the QNR by using a belt transect method, visits, an auto-trigger camera system, and traps, from September, 2010 to October, 2012. A total of 81 species from 23 families and 10 orders were recorded, including 34 species which were listed on the State Key Protection List. Among them, regional species were common at 38. 3% of the total, with 14 Himalaya-Hengduan Mountainous species and 17 Highland species. With increasing attitude, species richness increased and reached its maximum at 2500-3300 m where 48 species were found, followed by a rapid decrease in richness at higher elevations. The Fauna on the South Slope differed significantly from that on the North Slope. Among the 76 species on the South Slope, 41 species belonged to the Orient Realm and 25 belonged to the Palearctic Realm. Among the 29 species on the North Slope, there were 2 Oriental species and 23 Palearctic species. On the South Slope, the Oriental species were dominant below an attitude of 3300 m and the Palearctic were dominant above 4000 m. Hence, we suggest that a division between the Oriental Realm and the Palearctic Realm exited in the South Slope in QNR with the dividing line between 3300 m and 4000 m. Source