Orangeburg, SC, United States
Orangeburg, SC, United States

South Carolina State University is a historically black university located in Orangeburg, South Carolina, United States. It is the only state funded, historically black land-grant institution in South Carolina and is a member-school of the Thurgood Marshall College Fund. South Carolina State University was founded in 1896 as the state of South Carolina's sole public college for black youth. Although regionally accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools , the university was placed on probation in June 2014 for failing to meet the accreditor's standards "concerning governing board conflicts of interest and board/administration structure, as well as financial stability and controls." Wikipedia.


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Brusco M.J.,Florida State University | Steinley D.,University of Missouri | Cradit J.D.,Southern Illinois University Carbondale | Singh R.,South Carolina State University
Journal of Operations Management | Year: 2012

To date, the vast majority of cluster analysis applications in OM research have relied on traditional hierarchical (e.g., Ward's algorithm) and nonhierarchical (e.g., K-means algorithms) methods. Although these venerable methods should continue to be employed effectively in the OM literature, we also believe there is a significant opportunity to expand the scope of clustering methods to emergent techniques. We provide an overview of some alternative clustering procedures (including advantages and disadvantages), identify software programs for implementing them, and discuss the circumstances where they might be employed gainfully in OM research. The implementation of emergent clustering methods in the OM literature should enable researchers to offer implications for practice that might not have been uncovered with traditional methods. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.


Roy K.M.,University of Maryland University College | Dyson O.,South Carolina State University
American Journal of Community Psychology | Year: 2010

In this analysis, we explore how low-income African American fathers build understandings of successful manhood in the context of community-based responsible fatherhood programs. Drawing on life history interviews with 75 men in Illinois and Indiana, we explore men's attempts to fulfill normative expectations of fatherhood while living in communities with limited resources. We examine the efforts of community-based fatherhood programs to shape alternative African American masculinities through facilitation of personal turning points and "breaks with the past," use of social support and institutional interventions, and the reframing of provision as a priority of successful fatherhood. We refer to Connell's hegemonic masculinity framework (Connell in Masculinities, Polity Press, Cambridge, 1995) and discuss how both men and programs borrow from hegemonic and street masculinities to develop alternative approaches to paternal involvement for marginalized men. © Society for Community Research and Action 2010.


Chukwu U.C.,South Carolina State University | Mahajan S.M.,Tennessee Technological University
IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy | Year: 2014

Real-time application in power systems is a key to smart-grid realization. Maintaining accurate security information and monitoring the changing system state are necessary for real-time management of the modern-day power system. Smart-grid applications provide an excellent opportunity to better manage the voltage stability of the power system. Using intelligent electronic devices, it is possible to capture power system data, and give an instantaneous snapshot of the system status. The penetration of vehicle-to-grid (V2G) into the power system may introduce a high-level of volatility due precarious charging/discharging operations, hence emphasizing the need for a real-time management option. In this paper, a real-time monitoring diagnostic of the power system is presented. The system parameters for consideration are voltage profile, voltage stability, step voltage regulators (SVRs) operations, power, and energy loss. Economic studies are also considered. Results show that for a given V2G penetration level, three-phase and system-wide V2G integration results in an improved system performance, and economic operation of the power system than a one-phase V2G integration. Results also indicate that using V2G parking lots to inject reactive power to the grid at an optimal location can promise about 95% power/energy loss reduction (relative to power loss without V2G installed). The results are suitable for further applications of smart grids. © 2010-2012 IEEE.


Chukwu U.C.,South Carolina State University | Mahajan S.M.,Tennessee Technological University
IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy | Year: 2014

Vehicle-to-grid (V2G) units are gaining prominence and may dominate the auto-market in the near future. The V2G batteries require corporate parking lots for charging and discharging operations. The electric power capacity of an existing parking lot can be increased by the installation of photovoltaic (PV) rooftops. This paper describes mathematical models for estimating the electric power capacity of a V2G parking lot (VPL) system with PV canopy. The electric vehicle (EV) demand/supply model was formulated as a queuing theory problem, exhibiting stochastic characteristics. New formulae were developed to address the impacts of battery charger efficiency on the amount of power demand during battery charging, and also how the latter is effected by inverter efficiency during discharging. Mathematical models for grid gain factor were developed. The proposed models were tested using Tesla Roadster EV and Nissan leaf EV. Promising simulation results are gained leading to a conclusion that vehicle parking lots with PV facilities can potentially relieve and enhance the grid capacity. Results show that 60% gain factor is possible. The effect of weather uncertainties and energy market price were studied. The study could be useful in battery-charger control studies. © 2013 IEEE.


Basher H.A.,South Carolina State University
Conference Proceedings - IEEE SOUTHEASTCON | Year: 2011

This paper proposes a Two Minimum Three Step Search (2MN3SS) block matching algorithm that improves the estimation accuracy and retains the simplicity of the Three Step Search (3SS) algorithm. Motion estimation using Full Search (FS) algorithm is computationally extensive. Other previously proposed algorithms reduce the computation by limiting the number of search points at the cost of higher distortion in compensated image. Our proposed algorithm requires higher search points but provides better estimation accuracy compared to three other different types of block matching algorithms such as 3SS, NTSS, and 4SS. The experiments performed on night stare images from IR camera show the robustness and better error performance of the proposed approach. © 2011 IEEE.


Miah A.M.,South Carolina State University
IET Generation, Transmission and Distribution | Year: 2011

Earlier, a simple dynamic equivalent for a power system external area containing a group of coherent generators was proposed in the literature. In the proposed method, all the coherent generators are first decomposed into smaller generators. This is a new concept. The smaller generators are then aggregated in two levels. In this study, a new alternative and much more justified approach is proposed for the first-level aggregation. However, for the second-level aggregation, the same earlier approach is used. The resulting dynamic equivalent has a power system structure. In online applications, this equivalent does not require any measurement data from the external area. Very recently, the performance of the dynamic equivalent has been extensively investigated on the New England 39-bus 10-generator system, the IEEE 162-bus 17-generator system and the IEEE 145-bus 50-generator system. The results of this investigation are presented here for a complete validation of the proposed method. © 2011 The Institution of Engineering and Technology.


Grant
Agency: NSF | Branch: Continuing grant | Program: | Phase: ALLIANCES-MINORITY PARTICIPAT. | Award Amount: 1.50M | Year: 2013

The Louis Stokes South Carolina Alliance for Minority Participation (LS-SCAMP) is designed to increase the quality and quantity of underrepresented minority students (URMs) who complete baccalaureate degrees in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) disciplines and who successfully transition to pursue advanced graduate STEM degrees. LS-SCAMP is made up of South Carolina State University in collaboration with six Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs), five technical colleges and three research institutions in South Carolina. The projects goals are to intensify recruitment initiatives to increase STEM enrollment by 30%, to increase and sustain the STEM baccalaureate degree production by 12% above the Phase I attainment (500 baseline to 800 degree attainment over 5 years), increase the number of LS-SCAMP students who enter graduate school within two years of graduating by 50 percent, develop two summer bridge programs (one academic and one research) for the successful transition of thirty technical college students into STEM baccalaureate degree programs in year one and 150 students over five years and increase the number of students that participate in academic and summer research activities.


Grant
Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: HIST BLACK COLLEGES AND UNIV | Award Amount: 399.94K | Year: 2013

The Targeted Infusion Project will form a partnership between physics programs at South Carolina State University (SCSU) and Orangeburg-Calhoun Technical College (OCtech) that will strengthen both programs and serve as a model of best practices for developing collaborations. This partnership will be accomplished through shared resources and a variety of activities that include curriculum revision, infusing cyberlearning into the coursework and faculty training in current pedagogical methods. Efforts include an improved approach to recruitment and retention that focuses on the first year, both for freshmen entering college and for transfer students transitioning from OCtech to SCSU. Partner institutions will use a variety of means to strengthen the academic and social support for majors such as bringing first year students in contact with seniors through hands-on research experiences. Activities and products include institutionalization of five new courses, such as the LabVIEW course at OCtech and the Research Methods class at SCSU; development of renewable energy lab exercises; and online modules created for the physics courses that will lead to the use of flip instruction at both institutions. Finally, the introduction of iLabs will enable the development of the first physics hybrid course, mixing lab exercises that are online with others that are taught face-to-face.

The growing need for STEM graduates in this country is well documented as is the underrepresentation of minorities in STEM disciplines, particularly in the field of physics. This project will address these issues by strengthening the physics program at SCSU through a partnership with OCtech to improve recruitment and retention. Lessons learned from the adoption of products, practices and techniques such as on-line tutorials, iLabs and Invention Instruction, will serve as a model for teaching physics at other HBCUs. Attainment of the project goal, to form a successful physics partnership between two institutions, will serve as a model of best practices for STEM collaborations at other institutions.


Grant
Agency: NSF | Branch: Continuing grant | Program: | Phase: PAARE | Award Amount: 378.29K | Year: 2014

The underrepresentation of minorities in STEM fields is one of the major challenges facing the United States workforce. Recognizing this problem, the New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics Decadal Survey, published by the National Academies, noted that a promising way to address this problem is to encourage strategic partnerships between minority-serving institutions and research universities, national centers, and national laboratories. This award will continue support for one such partnership: a multi-faceted collaboration between South Carolina State University (SCSU), a Historically Black College and University (HBCU) with a 94% African-American student body, together with Clemson University (CU) and other individual investigators.

The mission of the partnership is to increase diversity in astronomy by (1) strengthening the recruitment and retention of underrepresented minorities into graduate programs in astronomy in general and into CU in particular, (2) providing a strong mentoring program that includes enhancing students? research skills, and (3) boosting faculty involvement in astronomy research at SCSU. By the end of this program, it is expected that a long-term partnership between SCSU, CU, and others will be formed, which will provide a sustainable pipeline for minority students in astronomy.


Grant
Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: S-STEM:SCHLR SCI TECH ENG&MATH | Award Amount: 615.85K | Year: 2013

This project is designed to provide scholarships to academically talented students with financial need majoring in computer science and engineering technology. The primary goal is to offer support and experiences so that students are qualified upon graduation to enter graduate school or employment in a science, technology, engineering, or mathematics (STEM) profession. To accomplish this goal, the project is recruiting 20 students who are eligible for the state-wide, merit-based Legislative Incentive for Future Excellence (LIFE) Scholarship and who are also eligible for the Federal Pell Grant. The project is actively recruiting underrepresented STEM students, including women. In addition to scholarship support, the scholarship students are participating in pre-college bridge programs; academic advising and mentoring programs; individual/group tutoring and study sessions; and activities designed to enhance their opportunities for internships and/or undergraduate research.

The scholars are being recruited from high schools served by Upward Bound Science and Math programs and from other rural South Carolina school districts where there are large concentrations of families living below the poverty line. A two-week intensive precollege bridge program is helping to prepare scholars for the rigors of STEM studies. Scholars are also registering with the Career Center at the university so that they make take advantage of internship, career development, and employment opportunities. Faculty members are serving as academic advisors and mentors to the scholars and coordinating study sessions with the Honors College, which has an established tutoring program operated by professionals and students.

Intellectual Merit: The project is contributing to the body of research on the effectiveness of using scholarships to recruit students into STEM disciplines; their retention and persistence in STEM; and their entry into the STEM workforce or graduate school. Scholars are participating in academic enrichment activities as they join other scholarship recipients at the college in the development of an interdisciplinary learning community. The university is also offering opportunities for scholars to work with faculty and staff to participate in organized research projects.

Broader Impacts: The program is increasing enrollments of minority students, including female students, in the fields of computer science and engineering technology. Their entry into the STEM pipeline is helping to meet the shortage of computing and engineering professionals as well as broaden the participation of underrepresented minorities and women in the STEM workforce. Scholars and faculty members are interacting with teachers and students in secondary schools during recruiting activities, which is encouraging and motivating more high school students to study STEM.

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