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Tu S.-P.,Virginia Commonwealth University | Tu S.-P.,University of Washington | Young V.M.,South Carolina Primary Health Care Association | Coombs L.J.,University of Colorado at Denver | And 8 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2015

BACKGROUND Enhancing the capability of community health centers to implement best practices (BPs) may mitigate health disparities. This study investigated the association of practice adaptive reserve (PAR) with the implementation of patient-centered medical home (PCMH) colorectal cancer (CRC) screening BPs at community health center clinics in 7 states. METHODS A convenience sample of clinic staff participated in a self-administered, online survey. Eight PCMH CRC screening BPs were scored as a composite ranging from 0 to 32. The PAR composite score was scaled from 0 to 1 and then categorized into 3 levels. Multilevel analyses examined the relation between PAR and self-reported implementation of PCMH BPs. RESULTS There were 296 respondents, and 59% reported 6 or more PCMH BPs at their clinics. The mean PAR score was 0.66 (standard deviation, 0.18), and the PCMH BP mean scores were significantly higher for respondents who reported higher clinic PAR categories. In comparison with the lowest PAR level, adjusted PCMH BP means were 25.0% higher at the middle PAR level (difference, 3.2; standard error, 1.3; t = 2.44; P = .015) and 63.2% higher at the highest PAR level (difference, 8.0; standard error, 1.9; t = 4.86; P < .0001). CONCLUSIONS A higher adaptive reserve, as measured by the PAR score, was positively associated with self-reported implementation of PCMH CRC screening BPs by clinic staff. Future research is needed to determine the PAR levels most conducive to implementing CRC screening and to develop interventions that enhance PAR in primary care settings. Cancer 2015;121:1241-1248. © 2014 American Cancer Society. Source


Friedman D.B.,University of South Carolina | Young V.M.,South Carolina Primary Health Care Association | Freedman D.A.,University of South Carolina | Adams S.A.,University of South Carolina | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Cancer Education | Year: 2012

The South Carolina Cancer Prevention and Control Research Network, in partnership with the South Carolina Primary Health Care Association, and Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs), aims to promote evidence-based cancer interventions in community-based primary care settings. Partnership activities include (1) examining FQHCs' readiness and capacity for conducting research, (2) developing a cancer-focused data sharing network, and (3) integrating a farmers' market within an FQHC. These activities identify unique opportunities for public health and primary care collaborations. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011. Source


Freedman D.A.,University of South Carolina | Whiteside Y.O.,University of South Carolina | Brandt H.M.,University of South Carolina | Young V.,South Carolina Primary Health Care Association | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Community Health | Year: 2012

Farmers' markets are community health promotion interventions that increase access to fresh fruits and vegetables. As farmers' markets continue to develop, it is important to strategically locate them in settings that are accessible to populations disparately affected by health disparities. One potential setting is a community health center. The goal of this analysis is to extend existing research on community readiness to identify indicators of preparedness among community health centers for establishing onsite farmers' markets. The sampling frame for the readiness assessment included all community health centers in South Carolina (N = 20) representing 163 practice sites. Data collection included two brief online surveys, indepth key informant interviews, and secondary analysis of contextual data. Five themes related to readiness for establishing a farmers market at a community health center were identified: capacity, social capital, awareness of health problems and solutions, logistical factors, and sustainability. Findings from this study provide guidance to researchers and community health center staff as they explore the development of environmental interventions focused on reducing diet-related health conditions by improving access to healthy foods. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011. Source


Brandt H.M.,University of South Carolina | Young V.M.,South Carolina Primary Health Care Association | Campbell D.A.,South Carolina Primary Health Care Association | Choi S.K.,University of South Carolina | And 2 more authors.
Clinical and Translational Science | Year: 2015

Background:: Federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) provide a health care safety net for underserved populations and contribute unique expertise to research that could further enhance quality of patient care. The purpose of this research was to assess interest in, readiness to, and capacity for conducting research in FQHCs in South Carolina (SC). Methods:: A Web-based survey was administered to 20 FQHCs across SC. Fourteen representatives of FQHCs completed the 39-item survey that assessed research experience and interest, partnerships and funding, barriers and benefits to research participation, training and technical assistance needs, and research capacity. Results:: FQHCs are interested in conducting research. FQHCs reported that health center leadership, organizational benefit, active engagement of staff, and clear roles for partners were important factors for successful partnerships. Inequity of budget and resources were the greatest challenges encountered. Improved patient outcomes, additional resources for the center, reduction in disparities, and academic partnerships were considered benefits for participation. FQHCs were interested in training and technical assistance opportunities for research funding and best practices for the use of research to inform programs and services. Conclusions:: FQHCs are willing to collaborate on research. For successful research partnerships, collaborators should understand FQHCs' challenges and barriers to participation. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

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