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Charleston, United States

The South Carolina Department of Natural Resources is a South Carolina state agency charged with regulating hunting, fishing, boating, duck stamp orders, state parks, and the conservation efforts of the South Carolina state government.It is directed by seven-member Board of Directors. The governor of South Carolina appoints a member from each of the state's congressional districts, in addition to one at-large board member. The board or governor may appoint citizen's advisory panels to provide recommendations on agency programs.The Department of Natural Resources also oversees the state's soil and water conservation districts, which are special-purpose districts contiguous with each of South Carolina's 46 counties. Each conservation district is managed by six-member boards. Three members of each board are appointed through the Department of Natural Resources, while the other half are directly elected. Wikipedia.

Ragland J.M.,College of Charleston | Arendt M.D.,South Carolina Department of Natural Resources | Kucklick J.R.,U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology | Keller J.M.,U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology
Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry | Year: 2011

Risks from persistent organic pollutants (POPs) remain largely a mystery for threatened loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta). The present study examines regional-scale POP differences in blood plasma from adult male C. caretta based on movement patterns. Turtles were captured near Port Canaveral, Florida, USA, in April of 2006 and 2007 and fitted with satellite transmitters as part of a National Marine Fisheries Service-funded project. Residents (n=9) remained near the capture site, whereas transients (n=10) migrated northward, becoming established in areas largely from south of Pamlico Sound, North Carolina, to north of Cape May, New Jersey, USA. Blood was sampled from the dorsocervical sinus of each turtle and analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), and toxaphenes. Blood plasma concentrations of OCPs and total PBDEs were elevated in transients (p<0.05) and in some cases were correlated with turtle size. Migratory adults showed an atypical PBDE congener profile relative to other published studies on wildlife, with PBDE 154 being the dominant congener. Additionally, PCB congener patterns differed between groups, with total PCBs slightly elevated in transients. This supports the idea that foraging location can influence exposure to, and patterns of, POPs in highly mobile species such as C. caretta. Understanding patterns of contamination informs wildlife managers about possible health risks to certain subpopulations. The present study is the first to examine POPs in the rarely studied adult male sea turtle and to couple contaminant measurements with satellite tracking. © 2011 SETAC. Source

Peterson D.L.,University of Georgia | Farrae D.J.,South Carolina Department of Natural Resources
Transactions of the American Fisheries Society | Year: 2011

The shortnose sturgeon Acipenser brevirostrum is one of the most endangered members of the sturgeon family because of overexploitation, depressed population levels, and a shrinking range. The lack of historical data on shortnose sturgeon populations has led to an increase in sturgeon research over the last three decades; however, most recent studies have not focused on southern populations. The objective of this study was to estimate the abundance, annual survival, and temporary emigration rates of shortnose sturgeon in the Ogeechee River, Georgia. Shortnose sturgeon were captured with gill and trammel nets for a mark-recapture analysis from 1 June to 31 August in each of the 3 years from 2007 to 2009. Over the three summers of sampling, we conducted a total of 864 net sets and captured 168 individual shortnose sturgeon with an additional 51 recaptures. Our analysis revealed that the best-fitting robust design population models incorporated interactions among water temperature, dissolved oxygen, and total effort in which capture and recapture probabilities were set equal and temporary emigration parameters were set to zero or held constant. Abundance estimates (95% confidence interval [CI]) were 404 (175-633), 264 (126-402), and 203 (32-446) individual sturgeon for 2007, 2008, and 2009, respectively. Population parameter estimates of annual survival and temporary emigration, combined with documented emigration and immigration of tagged individuals to and from the adjacent Altamaha River, provided evidence that the Ogeechee River stock is not discrete but possibly a metapopulation with the Altamaha River. © American Fisheries Society 2011. Source

Clendenin C.W.,South Carolina Department of Natural Resources
Tectonophysics | Year: 2013

The South Georgia rift (SGR) lies oblique to the east coast margin of North America and across the Alleghenian suture between Laurentia and Africa in southern Georgia. Regionally, the SGR can be divided into a southwest compartment and a northeast compartment across the Jacksonville structure that is located in the vicinity of that suture. Analytical and numerical models are used to characterize the mode of rifting in the northeast compartment. Borehole, COCORP seismic, and regional geophysical information from the compartment, that were used previously to infer the geometry of the basin, are reassessed with the use of those models to analyze the lithospheric conditions influencing Triassic extension. This approach led to the interpretation of core complex mode extension and to the proposal of a model of progressive rifting. The model shows how the Riddleville and Main SGR basins are associated and how changes in structural style of those two basins resulted from changing lithospheric conditions during extension. The core complex model also indicated that extension was influenced by distributed deformation of a younger, warmer, and less stable lithosphere adjacent to the Permian suture; whereas extension in other east coast rifts that lie subparallel to structural fabric was probably localized by preexisting zones of weakness. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. Source

De Buron I.,College of Charleston | Roumillat W.A.,South Carolina Department of Natural Resources
Journal of Wildlife Diseases | Year: 2010

The southern flounder Paralichthys lethostigma is host to two species of philometrid nematodes in the estuarine systems of South Carolina, USA. Histologic studies showed that all worms were hematophagous and that the host-parasite interface varied according to the worm's location in the fish. Individuals of Philometra overstreeti associated with the teeth induced a degradation of the enameloid epithelium but elicited minimal host reaction, whereas those located in the branchial arches induced an intense inflammatory response. Individuals of Philometroides paralichthydis elicited no host reaction, Those associated with the bones of the buccal cavity were contained in a thick collagenous capsule, whereas those located between the depressor and erector muscles of each fin element displaced or thinned the fin inclinator muscles to the extent of eventually causing their complete atrophy. Often the bulk of gravid worms imposed upon uninfected adjacent fin element muscle groups. Damage induced by these worms are likely to affect feeding and swimming behavior of the infected flounder and thus, impact the population structure of this important fish species © Wildlife Disease Association 2010. Source

Chapman R.W.,South Carolina Department of Natural Resources | Guillette Jr. L.J.,Medical University of South Carolina
Molecular Ecology | Year: 2013

Reproduction is the goal of living organisms, and environmental conditions that influence sexual development are therefore critical to understanding adaptation in natural populations. It is not surprising that so much attention has been devoted to the impacts of the physical and chemical environment on this process (Vandenberg et al.). Chemicals of concern include a variety of endocrine disruptors (EDs) including oestrogen and oestrogen mimics that directly lead to malformation of the gonad. On the molecular side, the impact that EDs have on genes directly involved in the feminization or masculinization of the gonad such as Cyp 19A (or aromatase), foxl2, Sox9, Dmrt1 and NrOb1, has received considerable attention due to their direct involvement in the regulation of oestrogen and testosterone. In this issue of Molecular Ecology, Pascoal et al. (2013) examine the impact of a known endocrine disruptor (tributyltin or TBT) on the transcriptome of the dog whelk, Nucella lapillus (Fig.), in relation to the formation of imposex individuals (masculinized females). They conclude that TBT mimics the endogenous ligand of the nuclear retinoid X receptor (RXR) and/or peroxisome profilerator-activated receptor (PPAR) disrupting pathways. © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source

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