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Port Adelaide, Australia

Stephens M.L.,South Australian Water Corporation | Lambert M.F.,University of Adelaide | Simpson A.R.,University of Adelaide
Journal of Hydraulic Engineering | Year: 2013

The application of inverse transient analysis (ITA) to estimate the location and magnitude of lost lining and internal corrosion of metal pipelines is demonstrated for a field pipeline. The method uses a transient model and inverse search algorithm to analyze patterns of measured pressure reflections obtained after a transient pressure wave is induced in a pipeline. The method is applied in the field on a 6 km long section of a 750 mm nominal diameter steel pipeline with internal cement mortar lining. The equipment used for generating hydraulic transients and measuring pressure responses in the pipeline is described. Results of the field tests are analyzed to estimate the location and extent of internal wall damage along the pipeline. Extensive ultrasonic thickness survey results are used to corroborate the approximate location and magnitude of predicted pipeline wall damage. © 2013 American Society of Civil Engineers. Source

Krampe J.,South Australian Water Corporation
Water Science and Technology | Year: 2013

Optimising the energy consumption and energy generation of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) is a topic with increasing importance for water utilities in times of rising energy costs and pressures to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Assessing the energy efficiency and energy optimisation of a WWTP are difficult tasks as most plants vary greatly in size, process layout and other influencing factors. To overcome these limits it is necessary to compare energy efficiency with a statistically relevant base to identify shortfalls and optimisation potential. Such energy benchmarks have been successfully developed and used in central Europe over the last two decades. This paper demonstrates how the latest available energy benchmarks from Germany have been applied to 24 WWTPs in South Australia. It shows how energy benchmarking can be used to identify shortfalls in current performance, prioritise detailed energy assessments and help inform decisions on capital investment. © IWA Publishing 2013. Source

Krampe J.,South Australian Water Corporation
Water Science and Technology | Year: 2013

In this paper a method to determine the cycle time for sequencing batch membrane bioreactors (SBMBRs) is introduced. One of the advantages of SBMBRs is the simplicity of adapting them to varying wastewater composition. The benefit of this flexibility can only be fully utilised if the cycle times are optimised for the specific inlet load conditions. This requires either proactive and ongoing operator adjustment or active predictive instrument-based control. Determination of the cycle times for conventional sequencing batch reactor (SBR) plants is usually based on experience. Due to the higher mixed liquor suspended solids concentrations in SBMBRs and the limited experience with their application, a new approach to calculate the cycle time had to be developed. Based on results from a semi-technical pilot plant, the paper presents an approach for calculating the cycle time in relation to the influent concentration according to the Activated Sludge Model No. 1 and the German HSG (Hochschulgruppe) Approach. The approach presented in this paper considers the increased solid contents in the reactor and the resultant shortened reaction times. This allows for an exact calculation of the nitrification and denitrification cycles with a tolerance of only a few minutes. Ultimately the same approach can be used for a predictive control strategy and for conventional SBR plants. © IWA Publishing 2013. Source

Whiley H.,Flinders University | Keegan A.,South Australian Water Corporation | Fallowfield H.,Flinders University | Ross K.,Flinders University
Frontiers in Microbiology | Year: 2014

Legionella is an opportunistic pathogen of public health concern. Current regulatory and management guidelines for the control of this organism are informed by risk assessments. However, there are many unanswered questions and uncertainties regarding Legionella epidemiology, strain infectivity, infectious dose and detection methods. This review follows the EnHealth Risk Assessment Framework, to examine the current information available regarding Legionella risk and discuss the uncertainties and assumptions. This review can be used as a tool for understanding the uncertainties associated with Legionella risk assessment. It also serves to highlight the areas of Legionella research that require future focus. Improvement of these uncertainties will provide information to enhance risk management practises for Legionella, potentially improving public health protection and reducing the economic costs by streamlining current management practises. © 2014 Whiley, Keegan, Fallowfield and Ross. Source

Majewski P.,University of South Australia | Keegan A.,South Australian Water Corporation
Applied Surface Science | Year: 2012

This study's focus was on the water-based, one-pot preparation and characterisation of silica particles coated with 3-(2-aminoethyl) aminopropyltrimethoxysilane (Diamo) and the efficiency of the material in removing the pathogens Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Mycobacterium immunogenum, Vibrio cholerae, poliovirus, and Cryptosporidium parvum. The water-based processing resulted in Diamo coated silica particles with significantly increased positive surface charge as determined by zeta potential measurements. In addition, X-ray photoelectron spectrometry of pure and Diamo coated silica confirmed the presence of Diamo on the surface of the particles. Thermogravimetric measurements and chemical analysis of the silica indicated a surface concentration of amine groups of about 1 mmol/g silica. Water treatment tests with the pathogens showed that a dose of about 10 g appeared to be sufficient to remove pathogens from pure water samples which were spiked with pathogen concentrations between about 10 2 and 10 4 cfu/mL. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

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