Entity

Time filter

Source Type

Arendal, Norway

Haugeberg G.,Sorlandet Hospital | Morton S.,Balmore Park Surgery | Emery P.,University of Leeds | Conaghan P.G.,University of Leeds
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases | Year: 2011

Objectives: To explore the effect of intra-articular corticosteroid (IAST) injections on bone mineral density (BMD) in the hand and at the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods: In the first 3 months of the study, 19 patients with RA received methotrexate (MTX) alone and 21 received MTX and IAST injections into clinically inflamed joints. In the following 9 months, all patients received MTX+IAST. BMD was assessed at the hand and periarticular regions at MCP joints 2-5 at baseline, 3 and 12 months. Results: In the first 3 months a numerically lower percentage rate of bone loss was seen in MTX+IASTtreated patients compared with MTX-treated patients. This observation was more pronounced at the MCP periarticular regions (eg, partial proximal phalanges: digit 2, -0.45% vs -2.69%, p=0.045; digit 3, -0.34% vs -3.32%, p=0.003; digit 4, -0.39% vs -2.57%, p=0.14; digit 5, -0.59% vs -2.70%, p=0.24) than for the whole hand (-1.53% vs -2.42%, p=0.32). In the 3-12-month period, only minor non-statistically significant differences were seen between the two groups. Conclusion: IAST given over 3 months protects against periarticular bone loss in inflamed finger joints in RA. These data emphasise the importance of suppressing inflammation in patients with active RA to maintain bone health. Source


Ljostad U.,Sorlandet Hospital | Mygland A.,Sorlandet Hospital | Mygland A.,University of Bergen
European Journal of Neurology | Year: 2012

Purposes: To chart clinical, laboratory, and psychometric profiles in patients who attribute their complaints to chronic Lyme disease. Methods: We assessed the patients by clinical examination, laboratory tests, and questionnaires measuring fatigue, depression, anxiety, health-related quality of life, hypochondriasis, and illness perceptions. Results: We found no evidence of ongoing Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb) infection in any of the 29 included patients using current diagnostic guidelines and an extended array of tests. Eight (28%) had other well-defined illnesses. Twenty-one (72%) had symptoms of unknown cause, of those six met the suggested criteria for post-Lyme disease syndrome. Fourteen (48%) had presence of anti-Bb antibodies. The patients had more fatigue and poorer health-related quality of life as compared to normative data, but were not more depressed, anxious, or hypochondriacal. Their beliefs about the illness were characterized by negative expectations. Conclusion: Our patients, who all attributed their symptoms to chronic Lyme disease, were heterogeneous. None had evidences of persistent Bb infection, but whether current diagnostic criteria are functional in patients with longstanding complaints is controversial. Other well-defined illnesses or sequelae from earlier Lyme disease were probable as main explanatory factor in some cases. The patients were not more depressed, anxious, or hypochondriacal than the normal population, but they had poorer health-related quality of life, more fatigue, and negative expectations about their illness. © 2012 The Author(s). European Journal of Neurology © 2012 EFNS. Source


Ljostad U.,Sorlandet Hospital | Mygland A.,Sorlandet Hospital | Mygland A.,University of Bergen
Acta Neurologica Scandinavica | Year: 2013

In this review, we aim to discuss the definition, clinical and laboratory features, diagnostics, and management of chronic Lyme. Chronic Lyme is a rare condition caused by long-lasting and ongoing infection with the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb). The most common manifestations are progressive encephalitis, myelitis, acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans with or without neuropathy, and arthritis. Chronic Lyme is not considered to present with isolated subjective symptoms. Direct detection of Bb has low yield in most manifestations of chronic Lyme, while almost 100% of the cases are seropositive, that is, have detectable Bb IgG antibodies in serum. Detection of Bb antibodies only with Western blot technique and not with ELISA and detection of Bb IgM antibodies without simultaneous detection of Bb IgG antibodies should be considered as seronegativity in patients with long-lasting symptoms. Patients with chronic Lyme in the nervous system (neuroborreliosis) have, with few exceptions, pleocytosis and production of Bb antibodies in their cerebrospinal fluid. Strict guidelines should be applied in diagnostics of chronic Lyme, and several differential diagnoses, including neurological disease, rheumatologic disease, post-Lyme disease syndrome, chronic fatigue syndrome, and psychiatric disease, should be considered in the diagnostic workup. Antibiotic treatment with administration route and dosages according to current guidelines are recommended. Combination antimicrobial therapy or antibiotic courses longer than 4 weeks are not recommended. Patients who attribute their symptoms to chronic Lyme on doubtful basis should be offered a thorough and systematic diagnostic approach, and an open and respectful dialogue. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Source


Nilsen V.,Sorlandet Hospital | Bakke P.S.,University of Bergen | Gallefoss F.,Sorlandet Hospital
BMC Public Health | Year: 2011

Background: Lifestyle change is probably the most important single action to prevent type 2 diabetes mellitus. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a low-intensity individual lifestyle intervention by a physician and compare this to the same physician intervention combined with an interdisciplinary, group-based approach in a real-life setting. Methods. The "Finnish Diabetes Risk score" (FINDRISC) was used by GPs to identify individuals at high risk. A randomised, controlled design and an 18 month follow-up was used to assess the effect of individual lifestyle counselling by a physician (individual physician group, (IG)) every six months, with emphasis on diet and exercise, and compare this to the same individual lifestyle counselling combined with a group-based interdisciplinary program (individual and interdisciplinary group, (IIG)) provided over 16 weeks. Primary outcomes were changes in lifestyle indicated by weight reduction 5%, improvement in exercise capacity as assessed by VO 2max and diet improvements according to the Smart Diet Score (SDS). Results: 213 participants (104 in the IG and 109 in the IIG group, 50% women), with a mean age of 46 and mean body mass index 37, were included (inclusion rate > 91%) of whom 182 returned at follow-up (drop-out rate 15%). There were no significant differences in changes in lifestyle behaviours between the two groups. At baseline 57% (IG) and 53% (IIG) of participants had poor aerobic capacity and after intervention 35% and 33%, respectively, improved their aerobic capacity at least one metabolic equivalent. Unhealthy diets according to SDS were common in both groups at baseline, 61% (IG) and 60% (IIG), but uncommon at follow-up, 17% and 10%, respectively. At least 5% weight loss was achieved by 35% (IG) and 28% (IIG). In the combined IG and IIG group, at least one primary outcome was achieved by 93% while all primary outcomes were achieved by 6%. Most successful was the 78% reduction in the proportion of participants with unhealthy diet (almost 50% absolute reduction). Conclusion: It is possible to achieve important lifestyle changes in persons at risk for type 2 diabetes with modest clinical efforts. Group intervention yields no additional effects. The design of the study, with high inclusion and low dropout rates, should make the results applicable to ordinary clinical settings. © 2011 Nilsen et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source


Herlofson K.,Sorlandet Hospital | Ongre S.O.,Sorlandet Hospital | Enger L.K.,Sorlandet Hospital | Tysnes O.B.,University of Bergen | Larsen J.P.,University of Stavanger
European Journal of Neurology | Year: 2012

Background and purpose: Although fatigue is recognized as a common and debilitating symptom in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), little is known on how and when this symptom emerges during disease progression. The aim of the study was to explore the presence and severity of fatigue in patients with PD at the time of diagnosis, before dopaminergic treatment has been instituted. Methods: The present study is part of the Norwegian ParkWest project, a large cohort study of patients with incident PD in Norway. PD was diagnosed according to the Gelb criteria. The study population comprised 199 patients with untreated, newly diagnosed PD and 172 control subjects, matched for gender and age. Fatigue was measured by the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS). Results: Fifty-five percent of the patients with PD had clinical significant fatigue (FSS>4), compared with about 20% of the controls (RR=2.9). The mean score in patients on the FSS was 4.4 (SD 1.7) and in controls 3.1 (SD 1.3). In addition, there were highly significant differences between patients and controls in each of the nine FSS items. In a regression analysis, only the Montgomery and Åsberg Depression Rating Scale and Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale-Activities of Daily Living scores were significantly associated with fatigue. There was no correlation between fatigue and cognitive impairment and hypersomnia. Conclusion: Fatigue is a common symptom in PD, also in patients with early, untreated disease, and it has a negative impact on these patients' activity of daily living. Also in early PD, fatigue is an important consideration in the management of patients with the disease. © 2012 The Author(s) European Journal of Neurology © 2012 EFNS. Source

Discover hidden collaborations