Soonchunhyang Graduate School

Bucheon, South Korea

Soonchunhyang Graduate School

Bucheon, South Korea
SEARCH FILTERS
Time filter
Source Type

Kwon J.-W.,Kangwon National University | Chang H.S.,Soonchunhyang Graduate School | Heo J.-S.,Soonchunhyang Graduate School | Bae D.-J.,Soonchunhyang Graduate School | And 7 more authors.
Respiratory Medicine | Year: 2017

Background Interleukin-32(IL-32)γ is a pro-inflammatory cytokine involved in the development and severity of chronic inflammatory diseases, but its role in asthma is unclear. Objective This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship of IL-32γ levels in sputum with the severity of asthma. Methods IL-32γ levels in the supernatant of induced sputum obtained from 89 patients with stable asthma were measured using a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The relationships between sputum IL-32γ levels and baseline forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1% pred.), inflammatory cell profiles in sputum, and annual frequency of asthma exacerbation were determined. Results IL-32γ was detected in the sputum of 25 of 89 (28.1%) asthma patients, and the levels of sputum were negatively correlated with FEV1% pred. (ρ = −0.312, p = 0.003). The annual exacerbation rate was significantly higher in this group than in the IL-32-negative group (n = 64) (p = 0.03). Sputum IL-32γ levels correlated well with the annual exacerbation rate (ρ = 0.261, p = 0.014), but there were no differences in the inflammatory cell profiles in the induced sputum of IL-32-positive and IL-32-negative patients. Conclusion The level of IL-32γ in induced sputum may be associated with asthma severity and related with higher risk of asthma exacerbation. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd


Lee J.-U.,Soonchunhyang Graduate School | Chang H.S.,Soonchunhyang Graduate School | Chang H.S.,Soonchunhyang University | Lee H.J.,Soonchunhyang Graduate School | And 9 more authors.
BMC Pulmonary Medicine | Year: 2017

Background: Innate T helper type 2 (Th2) immune responses mediated by interleukin (IL)-33, thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), and IL-25 have been shown to play an important role in pulmonary fibrosis of animal models; however, their clinical implications remain poorly understood. Methods: TSLP, IL-25, and IL-33 concentrations were measured in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids obtained from normal controls (NCs; n = 40) and from patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF; n = 100), non-specific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP; n = 22), hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP; n = 20), and sarcoidosis (n = 19). Results: The TSLP and IL-33 levels were significantly higher in patients with IPF relative to the NCs (p = 0.01 and p = 0.0001, respectively), NSIP (p = 4.95E - 7 and p = 0.0002, respectively), HP (p = 0.00003 and p = 0.000005, respectively), and sarcoidosis groups (p = 0.003 and p = 0.0001, respectively). However, the IL-25 levels were not significantly different between NC and IPF group (p = 0.432). Receiver operating characteristic curves of the TSLP and IL-33 levels revealed clear differences between the IPF and NC groups (AUC = 0.655 and 0.706, respectively), as well as between the IPF and the other lung disease groups (AUC = 0.786 and 0.781, respectively). Cut-off values of 3.52 pg/μg TSLP and 3.77 pg/μg IL-33 were shown to differentiate between the IPF and NC groups with 99.2 and 94.3% accuracy. Cut-off values of 4.66 pg/μg TSLP and 2.52 pg/μg IL-33 possessed 99.4 and 93.2% accuracy for differentiating among the IPF and other interstitial lung disease groups. Conclusions: Innate immune responses may be associated with the development of IPF. Furthermore, the IL-33 and TSLP levels in BAL fluids may be useful for differentiating IPF from other chronic interstitial lung diseases. © 2017 The Author(s).


PubMed | Soonchunhyang University, Sogang University, Soon Chun Hyang Medical Center and Soonchunhyang Graduate School
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Respiratory research | Year: 2017

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is characterized by the complex interaction of cells involved in chronic inflammation and fibrosis. Global gene expression of a homogenous cell population will identify novel candidate genes.Gene expression of fibroblasts derived from lung tissues (8 IPF and 4 controls) was profiled, and ontology and functional pathway were analyzed in the genes exhibiting >2 absolute fold changes with p-values<0.05. CCL8 mRNA and protein levels were quantified using real-time PCR and ELISA. CCL8 localization was evaluated by immunofluorescence staining.One hundred seventy eight genes differentially expressed and 15 genes exhibited >10-fold change. Among them, 13 were novel in relation with IPF. CCL8 expression was 22.8-fold higher in IPF fibroblasts. The levels of CCL8 mRNA and protein were 3 and 9-fold higher in 14 IPF fibroblasts than those in 10 control fibroblasts by real-time PCR and ELISA (p=0.022 and p=0.026, respectively). The CCL8 concentrations in BAL fluid was significantly higher in 86 patients with IPF than those in 41 controls, and other interstitial lung diseases including non-specific interstitial pneumonia (n=22), hypersensitivity pneumonitis (n=20) and sarcoidosis (n=19) (p<0.005, respectively). Cut-off values of 2.29 pg/mL and 0.43 pg/mL possessed 80.2 and 70.7% accuracy for the discrimination of IPF from NC and the other lung diseases, respectively. IPF subjects with CCL8 levels >28.61 pg/mL showed shorter survival compared to those with lower levels (p=0.012). CCL8 was expressed by -SMA-positive cells in the interstitium of IPF.Transcriptome analysis identified several novel IPF-related genes. Among them, CCL8 is a candidate molecule for the differential diagnosis and prediction of survival.


Lee J.-U.,Soonchunhyang Graduate School | Kim J.D.,Soonchunhyang Graduate School | Park C.-S.,Soonchunhyang University
Yonsei Medical Journal | Year: 2015

Over the past three decades, a large number of genetic studies have been aimed at finding genetic variants associated with the risk of asthma, applying various genetic and genomic approaches including linkage analysis, candidate gene polymorphism studies, and genome-wide association studies (GWAS). However, contrary to general expectation, even single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) discovered by GWAS failed to fully explain the heritability of asthma. Thus, application of rare allele polymorphisms in well defined phenotypes and clarification of environmental factors have been suggested to overcome the problem of ‘missing’ heritability. Such factors include allergens, cigarette smoke, air pollutants, and infectious agents during pre- and post-natal periods. The first and simplest interaction between a gene and the environment is a candidate interaction of both a well known gene and environmental factor in a direct physical or chemical interaction such as between CD14 and endotoxin or between HLA and allergens. Several GWAS have found environmental interactions with occupational asthma, aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease, tobacco smoke-related airway dysfunction, and farm-related atopic diseases. As one of the mechanisms behind gene-environment interaction is epigenetics, a few studies on DNA CpG methylation have been reported on subphenotypes of asthma, pitching the exciting idea that it may be possible to intervene at the junction between the genome and the environment. Epigenetic studies are starting to include data from clinical samples, which will make them another powerful tool for research on gene-environment interactions in asthma. © Yonsei University College of Medicine 2015.


Kim M.S.,Soonchunhyang University | Kim E.,Konkuk University | Heo J.-S.,Soonchunhyang Graduate School | Bae D.-J.,Soonchunhyang Graduate School | And 11 more authors.
Lung Cancer | Year: 2015

OBJECTIVES: Interleukin (IL)-33 protects against infection and inflammation; however, few studies have explored the relevance of IL-33 in lung cancer patients. We evaluated relation of plasma IL-33 levels with development and progression of lung cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 160 patients with lung cancer and 160 controls with normal lungs were enrolled. Plasma IL-33 levels were measured using a specific sandwich ELISA; these levels were followed-up in 18 patients who underwent surgery and in 14 patients treated with chemotherapy. Malignant lesions and normal lung tissues from 10 cancer patients were subjected to immunohistochemical staining for IL-33. RESULTS: IL-33 levels were significantly lower in cancer patients than normal controls (0.08 vs. 0.38ng/mL, p=0.005). Among cancer patients, IL-33 decreased in a stage-dependent manner from 0.76ng/mL in stage I patients to 0.25ng/mL in those with stage II, 0.08ng/mL in those with stage III, and 0.08ng/mL in those with stage IV (p=0.002). The levels were higher at stage I (p=0.041) and markedly lower at stages III and IV than those of controls (p=0.005 and p=0.001, respectively). A similar pattern was observed when IL-33 levels were analyzed by T stage; the levels were 0.39ng/mL at T1/T2 vs. 0.08ng/mL at T3/T4 (p=0.001). However, no difference was noted when stage N1 levels were compared with N2 and N3 levels (p=0.058), or between stage M0 and M1 levels (p=0.147). IL-33 levels gradually decreased after surgical resection of malignant lesions (from 1.075 to 0.756ng/mL, p=0.006), but were unchanged after chemotherapy (0.705 vs. 0.829 ng/mL, p=0.875). On immunohistochemical staining, bronchial epithelial and vascular endothelial cells of normal lung tissues mainly expressed IL-33. CONCLUSIONS: Plasma IL-33 levels are associated inversely with progression of lung cancer. The observed decreases may be attributed to lung volume reduction containing bronchial epithelium and vascular endothelium as the sources of IL-33. © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Soonchunhyang University and Soonchunhyang Graduate School
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Expert review of respiratory medicine | Year: 2016

Neutrophilic airway inflammation represents a pathologically distinct form of asthma and frequently appears in symptomatic adulthood asthmatics. However, clinical impacts and mechanisms of the neutrophilic inflammation have not been thoroughly evaluated up to date. Areas covered: Currently, distinct clinical manifestations, triggers, and molecular mechanisms of the neutrophilic inflammation (namely Toll-like receptor, Th1, Th17, inflammasome) are under investigation in asthma. Furthermore, possible role of the neutrophilic inflammation is being investigated in respect to the airway remodeling. We searched the related literatures published during the past 10years on the website of Pub Med under the title of asthma and neutrophilic inflammation in human. Expert commentary: Epidemiologic and experimental studies have revealed that the neutrophilic airway inflammation is induced by a wide variety of stimuli including ozone, particulate matters, cigarette smoke, occupational irritants, endotoxins, microbial infection and colonization, and aeroallergens. These triggers provoke diverse immune and inflammatory responses leading to progressive and sometimes irreversible airway obstruction. Clinically, neutrophilic airway inflammation is frequently associated with severe asthma and poor response to glucocorticoid therapy, indicating the need for other treatment strategies. Accordingly, therapeutics will be targeted against the main mediators behind the underlying molecular mechanisms of the neutrophilic inflammation.


PubMed | Soonchunhyang University, Soonchunhyang Graduate School and Konkuk University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) | Year: 2015

Interleukin (IL)-33 protects against infection and inflammation; however, few studies have explored the relevance of IL-33 in lung cancer patients. We evaluated relation of plasma IL-33 levels with development and progression of lung cancer.A total of 160 patients with lung cancer and 160 controls with normal lungs were enrolled. Plasma IL-33 levels were measured using a specific sandwich ELISA; these levels were followed-up in 18 patients who underwent surgery and in 14 patients treated with chemotherapy. Malignant lesions and normal lung tissues from 10 cancer patients were subjected to immunohistochemical staining for IL-33.IL-33 levels were significantly lower in cancer patients than normal controls (0.08 vs. 0.38 ng/mL, p=0.005). Among cancer patients, IL-33 decreased in a stage-dependent manner from 0.76 ng/mL in stage I patients to 0.25 ng/mL in those with stage II, 0.08 ng/mL in those with stage III, and 0.08 ng/mL in those with stage IV (p=0.002). The levels were higher at stage I (p=0.041) and markedly lower at stages III and IV than those of controls (p=0.005 and p=0.001, respectively). A similar pattern was observed when IL-33 levels were analyzed by T stage; the levels were 0.39 ng/mL at T1/T2 vs. 0.08 ng/mL at T3/T4 (p=0.001). However, no difference was noted when stage N1 levels were compared with N2 and N3 levels (p=0.058), or between stage M0 and M1 levels (p=0.147). IL-33 levels gradually decreased after surgical resection of malignant lesions (from 1.075 to 0.756 ng/mL, p=0.006), but were unchanged after chemotherapy (0.705 vs. 0.829 ng/mL, p=0.875). On immunohistochemical staining, bronchial epithelial and vascular endothelial cells of normal lung tissues mainly expressed IL-33.Plasma IL-33 levels are associated inversely with progression of lung cancer. The observed decreases may be attributed to lung volume reduction containing bronchial epithelium and vascular endothelium as the sources of IL-33.


PubMed | Soonchunhyang University and Soonchunhyang Graduate School
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Yonsei medical journal | Year: 2015

Over the past three decades, a large number of genetic studies have been aimed at finding genetic variants associated with the risk of asthma, applying various genetic and genomic approaches including linkage analysis, candidate gene polymorphism studies, and genome-wide association studies (GWAS). However, contrary to general expectation, even single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) discovered by GWAS failed to fully explain the heritability of asthma. Thus, application of rare allele polymorphisms in well defined phenotypes and clarification of environmental factors have been suggested to overcome the problem of missing heritability. Such factors include allergens, cigarette smoke, air pollutants, and infectious agents during pre- and post-natal periods. The first and simplest interaction between a gene and the environment is a candidate interaction of both a well known gene and environmental factor in a direct physical or chemical interaction such as between CD14 and endotoxin or between HLA and allergens. Several GWAS have found environmental interactions with occupational asthma, aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease, tobacco smoke-related airway dysfunction, and farm-related atopic diseases. As one of the mechanisms behind gene-environment interaction is epigenetics, a few studies on DNA CpG methylation have been reported on subphenotypes of asthma, pitching the exciting idea that it may be possible to intervene at the junction between the genome and the environment. Epigenetic studies are starting to include data from clinical samples, which will make them another powerful tool for re-search on gene-environment interactions in asthma.


PubMed | Soonchunhyang University, Korea University and Soonchunhyang Graduate School
Type: | Journal: Respiratory medicine | Year: 2017

Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory diseases (AERD) are caused by ingestion of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and are characterized by acute bronchospasms and marked infiltration of eosinophils, the latter being attributable to altered synthesis of cysteinyl leukotrienes (LT) and prostaglandins (PG). Recently, the innate Th2 response is revealed to induce eosinophil infiltration in allergic inflammation, however the role of the innate Th2 response has not been studies in AERD. Thus, we evaluated the relationship between the innate Th2 cytokines including IL-25, thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) and IL-33 and the development of AERD.Plasma IL-25, IL-33, and TSLP levels were measured before and after aspirin challenge in subjects with AERD (n=25) and aspirin-tolerant asthma (ATA, n=25) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Pre and post-aspirin challenge levels of LTC4 and PGD2 were measured using ELISA.Basal plasma IL-25 levels were significantly higher in AERD group than in normal controls and in ATA group (p=0.025 and 0.031, respectively). IL-33 and TSLP levels were comparable in the AERD and ATA groups. After the aspirin challenge, the IL-25 levels were markedly decreased in the ATA group (p=0.024), while not changed in the AERD group. The post-challenge IL-25 levels of all asthmatic subjects were significantly correlated with aspirin challenge - induced declines in FEV1 (r=0.357, p=0.011), but not with basal and post challenge LTC4 and PGD2 levels.IL-25 is associated with bronchospasm after aspirin challenge, possibly via mechanisms other than altered LTC4 and PGD2 production.

Loading Soonchunhyang Graduate School collaborators
Loading Soonchunhyang Graduate School collaborators