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Suzhou, China

The original Soochow University was established in 1900 in Suzhou, Jiangsu in Qing dynasty China. The original Soochow University and the university currently in Taiwan are named Dōngwú Dàxué , after the general region in which Suzhou is located. The university in the People's Republic of China is named Sūzhōu Dàxué after the city of Suzhou. Wikipedia.

Dong J.Y.,Soochow University of China
Atherosclerosis | Year: 2013

Previous studies suggest obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may increase cardiovascular risk, but the results are inconclusive due to various limitations. We aimed to systematically evaluate the effect of OSA on the incidence of cardiovascular events by a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. We searched multiple electronic databases for studies that examined the prospective relationship between OSA and incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, or total cardiovascular diseases (CVD) among adults. Either fixed- or random-effects models were used to calculate the pooled risk estimates. Sensitivity analysis was conducted to examine the robustness of pooled outcomes. Of 17 studies included, 9 reported results on total CVD, 7 reported on fatal or non-fatal CHD, and 10 reported on fatal or non-fatal stroke. The pooled relative risks (95% confidence interval) for individuals with moderate-severe OSA compared with the reference group were 2.48 (1.98-3.10) for total CVD, 1.37 (0.95-1.98) for CHD, and 2.02 (1.40-2.90) for stroke. These results did not materially change in the sensitivity analyses according to various inclusion criteria. In conclusion, findings from this meta-analysis supported that moderate-severe OSA significantly increased cardiovascular risk, in particular stroke risk. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Li Y.,Soochow University of China | Dai H.,Stanford University
Chemical Society Reviews | Year: 2014

Zinc-air is a century-old battery technology but has attracted revived interest recently. With larger storage capacity at a fraction of the cost compared to lithium-ion, zinc-air batteries clearly represent one of the most viable future options to powering electric vehicles. However, some technical problems associated with them have yet to be resolved. In this review, we present the fundamentals, challenges and latest exciting advances related to zinc-air research. Detailed discussion will be organized around the individual components of the system-from zinc electrodes, electrolytes, and separators to air electrodes and oxygen electrocatalysts in sequential order for both primary and electrically/mechanically rechargeable types. The detrimental effect of CO2 on battery performance is also emphasized, and possible solutions summarized. Finally, other metal-air batteries are briefly overviewed and compared in favor of zinc-air. This journal is © the Partner Organisations 2014.

Metal-Insulator-Metal (MIM) structures have raised as the most promising configuration for next generation information storage, leading to great performance and fabrication-friendly Resistive Random Access Memories (RRAM). In these cells, the memory concept is no more based on the charge storage, but on tuning the electrical resistance of the insulating layer by applying electrical stresses to reach a high resistive state (HRS or "0") and a low resistive state (LRS or "1"), which makes the memory point. Some high-k dielectrics show this unusual property and in the last years high-k based RRAM have been extensively analyzed, especially at the device level. However, as resistance switching (in the most promising cells) is a local phenomenon that takes place in areas of ~100 nm2, the use of characterization tools with high lateral spatial resolution is necessary. In this paper the status of resistive switching in high-k materials is reviewed from a nanoscale point of view by means of conductive atomic force microscope analyses. © 2014 by the authors.

Semaphorin 4D (Sema4D) is a transmembrane protein that supports contact-dependent amplification of platelet activation by collagen before being gradually cleaved by the metalloprotease ADAM17, as we have previously shown. Cleavage releases a soluble 120-kDa exodomain fragment for which receptors exist on platelets and endothelial cells. Here we have examined the mechanism that regulates Sema4D exodomain cleavage. The results show that the membrane-proximal cytoplasmic domain of Sema4D contains a binding site for calmodulin within the polybasic region Arg762-Lys779. Coprecipitation studies show that Sema4D and calmodulin are associated in resting platelets, forming a complex that dissociates upon platelet activation by the agonists that trigger Sema4D cleavage. Inhibiting calmodulin with W7 or introducing a membrane-permeable peptide corresponding to the calmodulin-binding site is sufficient to trigger the dissociation of Sema4D from calmodulin and initiate cleavage. Conversely, deletion of the calmodulin-binding site causes constitutive shedding of Sema4D. These results show that (1) Sema4D is a calmodulin-binding protein with a site of interaction in its membrane-proximal cytoplasmic domain, (2) platelet agonists cause dissociation of the calmodulin-Sema4D complex, and (3) dissociation of the complex is sufficient to trigger ADAM17-dependent cleavage of Sema4D, releasing a bioactive fragment.

Chen H.,Soochow University of China | Chan C.T.,Hong Kong University of Science and Technology | Sheng P.,Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
Nature Materials | Year: 2010

Underpinned by the advent of metamaterials, transformation optics offers great versatility for controlling electromagnetic waves to create materials with specially designed properties. Here we review the potential of transformation optics to create functionalities in which the optical properties can be designed almost at will. This approach can be used to engineer various optical illusion effects, such as the invisibility cloak. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

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