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Sonoma, CA, United States

Sonoma State University is a public comprehensive university which is part of the 23-campus California State University system. The main campus is located in Rohnert Park, California, United States approximately 10 miles south of Santa Rosa and 50 miles north of San Francisco. The university is one of the smallest of the 23 CSU campuses in California. The university offers 92 Bachelor's degrees, 19 Master's degrees, one Doctoral degree , and 11 teaching credentials. Wikipedia.

Hanauer M.M.,Sonoma State University | Canavire-Bacarreza G.,EAFIT University
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences | Year: 2015

Protected areas are a popular policy instrument in the global fight against loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services. However, the effectiveness of protected areas in preventing deforestation, and their impacts on poverty, are not well understood. Recent studies have found that Bolivia’s protectedarea system, on average, reduced deforestation and poverty. We implement several non-parametric and semi-parametric econometric estimators to characterize the heterogeneity in Bolivia’s protected-area impacts on joint deforestation and poverty outcomes across a number of socioeconomic and biophysical moderators. Like previous studies from Costa Rica and Thailand, we find that Bolivia’s protected areas are not associated with poverty traps. Our results also indicate that protection did not have a differential impact on indigenous populations. However, results from new multidimensional non-parametric estimators provide evidence that the biophysical characteristics associated with the greatest avoided deforestation are the characteristics associated with the potential for poverty exacerbation from protection. We demonstrate that these results would not be identified using the methods implemented in previous studies. Thus, this study provides valuable practical information on the impacts of Bolivia’s protected areas for conservation practitioners and demonstrates methods that are likely to be valuable to researchers interested in better understanding the heterogeneity in conservation impacts. © 2015 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved. Source

Ferraro P.J.,Georgia State University | Hanauer M.M.,Sonoma State University
Annual Review of Environment and Resources | Year: 2014

Inspired by the success of evidence-based medicine, environmental scholars and practitioners have grown enthusiastic about applying a similar evidence-based approach to solve some of the world's most pressing environmental problems. An important component of the evidence-based movement is the empirical evaluation of program and policy impacts. Impact evaluations draw heavily from recent advances in the empirical study of causal relationships - the effect of one thing on another. This review highlights the key components of these advances and characterizes the way in which they contribute to better evaluations of the environmental and social impacts of environmental programs. The review emphasizes that a solid understanding of these advances is required before environmental scholars and practitioners can begin to collect the relevant data, analyze them within credible research designs, and generate reliable evidence about the effectiveness of the myriad proposed solutions to the world's environmental and social problems. Copyright © 2014 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved. Source

Ferraro P.J.,Johns Hopkins University | Hanauer M.M.,Sonoma State University
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences | Year: 2015

To develop effective protected area policies, scholars and practitioners must better understand the mechanisms through which protected areas affect social and environmental outcomes. With strong evidence about mechanisms, the key elements of success can be strengthened, and the key elements of failure can be eliminated or repaired. Unfortunately, empirical evidence about these mechanisms is limited, and little guidance for quantifying them exists. This essay assesses what mechanisms have been hypothesized, what empirical evidence exists for their relative contributions and what advances have been made in the past decade for estimating mechanism causal effects from nonexperimental data. The essay concludes with a proposed agenda for building an evidence base about protected area mechanisms. © 2015 The Authors. Source

Stanny E.,Sonoma State University
Business Strategy and the Environment | Year: 2013

This paper examines voluntary disclosures about greenhouse gas emissions by the US S&P 500 firms to the Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP). Trends in three disclosures (answering the questionnaire, disclosing emissions and disclosing accounting methodology for emissions) are examined from 2006 to 2008. The frequencies of all three disclosures increased over this period. The finding that many firms answer the questionnaire, but do not disclose their emission amounts or how they account for them, is consistent with a prediction from the legitimacy theory literature that firms will disclose the minimum to avoid scrutiny. Disclosure patterns are routine since previous disclosures are the most significant variable in explaining subsequent ones. The research contributes to the understanding of emission disclosures, in particular, and voluntary disclosures, in general, by highlighting the importance of considering previous disclosures in understanding subsequent ones. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment. Source

In 2001, President Bush announced his intention to "end chronic homeless by the year 2012" as part of his broad "Compassion Agenda". Since then, departmental consolidation, changes in funding allocation, and continued decentralization of services provision have dramatically reshaped the landscape of homeless service provision in the US. In this paper I examine how these roll-out policies reify and re-entrench liberal equations of property with rational self-governance at the local scale. Particularly, I illustrate how tropes of homeless otherness work alongside and through federal neoliberal roll-out policies to exclude homeless voices from the formation of local social policy. In doing so, I attempt to call attention to the mutually constitutive relationship between the spatial management of homeless bodies, tropes of homeless deviance and dependence, and limits to citizenship in the context of neoliberal urban governance. © 2012 The Author. Antipode © 2012 Antipode Foundation Ltd.. Source

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