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Songkhla, Thailand

Phungrassami T.,Songklanagarind Hospital | Sriplung H.,Prince of Songkla University
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention

Purpose: To study the patient load, treatment pattern, survival outcome and its predictors in patients with brain metastases treated by radiotherapy. Materials and Methods: Data for patients with brain metastases treated by radiotherapy between 2003 and 2007 were collected from medical records, the hospital information system database, and a population-based tumor registry database until death or at least 5 years after treatment and retrospectively reviewed. Results: The number of treatments for brain metastases gradually increased from 48 in 2003 to 107 in 2007, with more than 70% from lung and breast cancers. The majority were treated with whole brain radiation of 30 Gy (3 Gy X 10 fractions) by cobalt-60 machine, using radiation alone. The overall median survival of the 418 patients was 3.9 months. Cohort analysis of relative survival after radiotherapy was as follows: 52% at 3 months, 18% at 1 year and 3% at 5 years in males; and 66% at 3 months, 26% at 1 year and 7% at 5 years in females. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that the patients treated with combined modalities had a better prognosis. Poor prognostic factors included primary cancer from the lung or gastrointestinal tract, emergency or urgent consultation, poor performance status (ECOG 3-4), and a hemoglobin level before treatment of less than 10 g/dl. Conclusions: This study identified an increasing trend of patient load with brain metastases. Possible over-treatment and under-treatment were demonstrated with a wide range of survival results. Practical prognostic scoring systems to assist in decision-making for optimal treatment of different patient groups is absolutely necessary; it is a key strategy for balancing good quality of care and patient load. Source

Moleerergpoom W.,Police General Hospital | Piyayotai D.,Thammasat University | Jintapakorn W.,Songklanagarind Hospital | Sukhum P.,Bangkok Heart Institute | And 3 more authors.
Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand

Background: Heart failure had emerged as a major public health problem and became the leading cause of hospitalization. The Acute Decompensated Heart Failure National Registry (ADHERE) of US patients hospitalized with a primary diagnosis of acute decompensated heart Failure (ADHF) had been reported worldwide for the risk stratification and predicting In-hospital mortality. Objective: Identify clinical risk factors or treatment procedures that could predict In-hospital mortality in Thai patients with ADHF. Material and Method: Thai ADHERE is a multicenter, observational, prospective study. The data were collected via web-based electronic data capture and analyzed. Two thousand forty one hospitalization episodes involving 1,671 patients in the 18 participating hospitals between March 2006 and September 2007 were analyzed. All clinical factors associated with In-hospital mortality identified by univariated analysis were further analyzed by Logistic regression model. Results: One hundred thirteen patients died during the hospitalization period with overall mortality rate of 5.5%. Systolic blood pressure <90 mmHg, creatinine >2.0 mg/dL, history of stroke/TIA, and NYHA class IV were independent risk factors for In-hospital mortality with adjusted OR (95% CI) = 3.45 (1.77-6.79), 1.99 (1.30-3.05), 1.85 (1.11-3.08) and 1.69 (1.08-2.64) respectively. Hypertensive cause of CHF, prior use of lipid lowering drug, and hemoglobin level were associated with lower risk, adjusted OR (95% CI) = 0.35 (0.15-0.81), 0.51 (0.34-0.78) and 0.90 (0.82-0.98) respectively. Conclusion: The clinical predictors for In-hospital mortality of Thai ADHERE that associated with worse outcome were systolic blood pressure <90 mmHg, creatinine >2.0 mg/dL, history of stroke/TIA, and NYHA class IV. Hypertensive cause of CHF, prior use of lipid lowering drug, and hemoglobin were associated favorable outcome. Source

Keeratichananont W.,Hatyai University | Limthon T.,Songklanagarind Hospital | Keeratichananont S.,Bangkok Hospital
Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease

Objectives: Autologous blood pleurodesis (ABP) is used for the treatment of pneumothorax with a good efficacy. The aim of this study is to determine the efficacy and safety of ABP in the treatment of malignant pleural effusion (MPE). Methods: A prospective study was conducted at Songklanagarind Hospital, Thailand. Symptomatic MPE patients were randomized to receive pleurodesis with either autologous blood or tetracycline. In the ABP group, 100 ml of autologous venous blood was instilled via chest tube followed by 50 ml of sterile normal saline (NSS). In the tetracycline group, 20 ml of 1% lidocaine diluted in 30 ml NSS was instilled followed by 1 g of tetracycline diluted in 100 ml of NSS. The chest tube was clamped for 2 hours, then reconnected to suction and removed. Pleurodesis effectiveness was evaluated according to Paladine's criteria and adverse events were recorded. Results: A total of 48 symptomatic MPE patients were recruited. Of these, 24 cases were randomized to receive ABP and 24 cases received tetracycline. There was no difference between the two groups in baseline characteristics. The overall success rate of pleurodesis was the same in both the autologous blood group and the tetracycline group (83.4% versus 87.5%, p = 0.36). In the ABP group, the pain score and fever were significantly lower (8.3% versus 29.1%, p = 0.003) and there was a small percentage of cases that needed analgesia (4.2% versus 75%, p ≤ 0.001); no serious events occurred. Conclusions:: ABP was as effective as tetracycline in the treatment of MPE. ABP produced less pain and fever, and could shorten the hospital stay. © The Author(s), 2015. Source

Thongraung W.,Prince of Songkla University | Sittidach M.,Songklanagarind Hospital | Khwansuwan P.,Prince of Songkla University | Sariyasuntorn K.,Prince of Songkla University | Wongsampan S.,Prince of Songkla University
Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice

Objectives To describe the practices of physicians on the diagnosis and treatment of antituberculosis drug-induced hepatotoxicity (ATH), and to evaluate the concordance between these practices and the American Thoracic Society (ATS) 2006 guidelines. Methods Information was reviewed on 670 new cases of tuberculosis patients aged not less than 15 years and registered at the outpatient clinics of a large hospital in southern Thailand during October 2006 to September 2009. The patient was identified as having ATH if: (1) he/she was diagnosed as transaminitis, hepatitis or hepatotoxicity from antituberculosis (anti-TB) drugs; (2) their treatment regimen was subsequently modified by their attending physicians; and (3) their liver enzyme decreased after withdrawal of the suspected anti-TB drugs. Compliance with the ATS guidelines was considered on diagnosis, initial management, selection of alternative regimens, and a reintroduction strategy. Results The prevalence of ATH was 6.7%. The proportion of patients diagnosed as ATH in accordance with the ATS 2006 guidelines was 73.8%. For the initial management, isoniazid, rifampicin and pyrazinamide were concurrently stopped in 55.0% of patients. While waiting for normalization of liver enzymes, 28 patients (70.0%) were treated with alternative regimens and 12 patients (30.0%) took no drug. Only 47.5% of the ATH patients received a regimen in accordance with ATS guidelines, including three less hepatotoxic drugs (ethambutol, ofloxacin and streptomycin). Of 34 patients who discontinued the treatment, anti-TB drugs were reintroduced sequentially in 30 patients (88.2%). Of these, only 23.4% were firstly rechallenged with rifampicin as suggested by the ATS guidelines. Conclusions The practice of physicians on the diagnosis and management of ATH varied. The practices of physicians on the diagnosis and rechallenged method were in high compliance with the ATS guidelines. For the initial management and selection of alternative regimens, the physicians' compliance was not good. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source

Phungrassami T.,Songklanagarind Hospital | Funsian A.,Songklanagarind Hospital | Sriplung H.,Prince of Songkla University
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention

Background: To study the pattern of patient load, personnel and equipment resources from 30-years experience in Southern Thailand. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study collected secondary data from the Division of Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology and the Songklanagarind Hospital Tumor Registry database, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, during the period of 1982-2012. Results: The number of new patients who had radiation treatment gradually increased from 121 in 1982 to 2,178 in 2011. Shortages of all kinds of personnel were demonstrated as compared to the recommendations, especially in radiotherapy technicians. In 2011, Southern Thailand, with two radiotherapy centers, had 0.44 megavoltage radiotherapy machines (cobalt or linear accelerator) per million of population. This number is suboptimal, but could be managed cost-effectively by prolonging machine operating times during personnel shortages. Conclusions: This study identified a discrepancy between workload and resources in one medical school radiotherapy center in Southern Thailand. This information is crucial for future strategic planning both regionally and nationally. Source

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