Bhurayanontachai P.,Prince of Songkla University |
Saengkaew S.,Songklanagarind Hospital |
Apiromruck P.,Songklanagarind Hospital
Journal of Optometry | Year: 2017
Purpose Pupillary dilatation with three types of eye drops is used regularly in the clinic; however, a mixture of these drops in a single bottle may be more beneficial in reducing workloads and resources. This study compared the efficacy in pupillary dilatation between two protocols of dilating drop instillation. Methods This prospective, randomized, comparative study included 30 eligible Thai patients. The patients randomly received preoperative pupillary dilatations by either the conventional protocol (1% tropicamide (T), 10% phenylephrine (P) and 0.1% diclofenac (D) in three separate bottles) or the fixed combination (TPD) protocol which had the three types of eye drops mixed in a single bottle in a ratio of 4:3:3. The chi-square test and independent t-test were used to analyze the data. Results The conventional protocol group and TPD protocol group each had 15 patients. Sixty minutes after the initial instillation, all patients in the TPD protocol and 13 patients (86.7%) in conventional protocol achieved at least 6 mm in the shortest diameter. The mydriatic rate between protocols showed no difference. In patients who received the TPD protocol, the systemic effects on the mean arterial blood pressure and pulse rate decreased over time. Conclusion The mixture of tropicamide, phenylephrine and diclofenac had a comparable efficacy for a pupillary dilatation to the conventional dilating drops in separate bottles. The systemic complications on blood pressure and arterial pulse of the TPD mixture were less than the conventional protocol. Trial registration TCTR20130325001. © 2016 Spanish General Council of Optometry
Phungrassami T.,Songklanagarind Hospital |
Sriplung H.,Prince of Songkla University
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2015
Purpose: To study the patient load, treatment pattern, survival outcome and its predictors in patients with brain metastases treated by radiotherapy. Materials and Methods: Data for patients with brain metastases treated by radiotherapy between 2003 and 2007 were collected from medical records, the hospital information system database, and a population-based tumor registry database until death or at least 5 years after treatment and retrospectively reviewed. Results: The number of treatments for brain metastases gradually increased from 48 in 2003 to 107 in 2007, with more than 70% from lung and breast cancers. The majority were treated with whole brain radiation of 30 Gy (3 Gy X 10 fractions) by cobalt-60 machine, using radiation alone. The overall median survival of the 418 patients was 3.9 months. Cohort analysis of relative survival after radiotherapy was as follows: 52% at 3 months, 18% at 1 year and 3% at 5 years in males; and 66% at 3 months, 26% at 1 year and 7% at 5 years in females. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that the patients treated with combined modalities had a better prognosis. Poor prognostic factors included primary cancer from the lung or gastrointestinal tract, emergency or urgent consultation, poor performance status (ECOG 3-4), and a hemoglobin level before treatment of less than 10 g/dl. Conclusions: This study identified an increasing trend of patient load with brain metastases. Possible over-treatment and under-treatment were demonstrated with a wide range of survival results. Practical prognostic scoring systems to assist in decision-making for optimal treatment of different patient groups is absolutely necessary; it is a key strategy for balancing good quality of care and patient load.
Phungrassami T.,Songklanagarind Hospital |
Funsian A.,Songklanagarind Hospital |
Sriplung H.,Prince of Songkla University
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2013
Background: To study the pattern of patient load, personnel and equipment resources from 30-years experience in Southern Thailand. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study collected secondary data from the Division of Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology and the Songklanagarind Hospital Tumor Registry database, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, during the period of 1982-2012. Results: The number of new patients who had radiation treatment gradually increased from 121 in 1982 to 2,178 in 2011. Shortages of all kinds of personnel were demonstrated as compared to the recommendations, especially in radiotherapy technicians. In 2011, Southern Thailand, with two radiotherapy centers, had 0.44 megavoltage radiotherapy machines (cobalt or linear accelerator) per million of population. This number is suboptimal, but could be managed cost-effectively by prolonging machine operating times during personnel shortages. Conclusions: This study identified a discrepancy between workload and resources in one medical school radiotherapy center in Southern Thailand. This information is crucial for future strategic planning both regionally and nationally.
Chusri S.,Prince of Songkla University |
Chusri S.,Songklanagarind Hospital |
Hortiwakul T.,Prince of Songkla University |
Charoenmak B.,Prince of Songkla University |
Silpapojakul K.,Prince of Songkla University
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Year: 2012
We retrospectively reviewed a 10-year experience of administration of cotrimoxazole alone in 31 patients compared with 109 patients who received conventional eradication therapy (cotrimoxazole plus doxycycline). The baseline characteristics, the clinical manifestations, the initial intravenous antibiotic treatments, and the mean duration of eradication therapy between the two groups were similar. The culture-confirmed recurrences among the patients who received cotrimoxazole alone and those who received the conventional regimen were not significantly different (1/31 [3.2%] versus 5/109 [4.5% odds ratio = 0.69 [95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.08-6.17]). Gastrointestinal side effects were more common among the conventional regimen group (28/109 [25.7%] versus 2/31 [6.5%], P = 0.02) and the proportion of patients who could complete at least 20 weeks of therapy without having switched to the other regimen was significantly lower (91/109 [83.5%] versus 31/31 [100.0%] P = 0.01). Cotrimoxazole alone is as effective as and better tolerated than cotrimoxazole plus doxycycline for the eradication treatment of melioidosis. Copyright © 2012 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.
Keeratichananont W.,Hatyai University |
Limthon T.,Songklanagarind Hospital |
Keeratichananont S.,Bangkok Hospital
Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease | Year: 2015
Objectives: Autologous blood pleurodesis (ABP) is used for the treatment of pneumothorax with a good efficacy. The aim of this study is to determine the efficacy and safety of ABP in the treatment of malignant pleural effusion (MPE). Methods: A prospective study was conducted at Songklanagarind Hospital, Thailand. Symptomatic MPE patients were randomized to receive pleurodesis with either autologous blood or tetracycline. In the ABP group, 100 ml of autologous venous blood was instilled via chest tube followed by 50 ml of sterile normal saline (NSS). In the tetracycline group, 20 ml of 1% lidocaine diluted in 30 ml NSS was instilled followed by 1 g of tetracycline diluted in 100 ml of NSS. The chest tube was clamped for 2 hours, then reconnected to suction and removed. Pleurodesis effectiveness was evaluated according to Paladine's criteria and adverse events were recorded. Results: A total of 48 symptomatic MPE patients were recruited. Of these, 24 cases were randomized to receive ABP and 24 cases received tetracycline. There was no difference between the two groups in baseline characteristics. The overall success rate of pleurodesis was the same in both the autologous blood group and the tetracycline group (83.4% versus 87.5%, p = 0.36). In the ABP group, the pain score and fever were significantly lower (8.3% versus 29.1%, p = 0.003) and there was a small percentage of cases that needed analgesia (4.2% versus 75%, p ≤ 0.001); no serious events occurred. Conclusions:: ABP was as effective as tetracycline in the treatment of MPE. ABP produced less pain and fever, and could shorten the hospital stay. © The Author(s), 2015.
Promsopa C.,Songklanagarind Hospital |
Thanahirunrojh S.,Songklanagarind Hospital
Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand | Year: 2015
Objective: To evaluate the surgical outcomes and recurrence rate of inverted papillomas (IPs). Material and Method: The medical records of patients diagnosed as IPs at Songklanagarind Hospital between January 2004 and December 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Demographic data, clinical presentation, type of surgical approach, complications, and recurrence status were collected. Results: From 64 patients, 75% were male. The average age was 55 years. IPs were classified in Krouse’s classification system as followed: stage I = 6.3%, stage II = 21.9%, stage III = 70.3%, and stage IV = 1.5%. The surgical approaches were divided into endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) 60.9%, EEA combined with external approach 35.9%, and external approach 3.2%. Complications such as synechea and maxillary sinus ostium stenosis occurred in 29.7% of patients. Thirty-seven point five percent had disease recurrence after surgery, most commonly at the frontal sinus 82.4%, and sphenoid sinus 60%. Conclusion: EEA is an effective treatment for IPs, especially in Krouse’s classification stage I, II. The external approach combined with EEA could be useful when the tumor extends to the anterolateral wall of the maxillary sinus. Finally, the surgeon must pay particular attention to the frontal and sphenoid sinus because of the high local recurrence rate. © 2015, Medical Association of Thailand. All rights reserved.
Thongraung W.,Prince of Songkla University |
Sittidach M.,Songklanagarind Hospital |
Khwansuwan P.,Prince of Songkla University |
Sariyasuntorn K.,Prince of Songkla University |
Wongsampan S.,Prince of Songkla University
Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice | Year: 2012
Objectives To describe the practices of physicians on the diagnosis and treatment of antituberculosis drug-induced hepatotoxicity (ATH), and to evaluate the concordance between these practices and the American Thoracic Society (ATS) 2006 guidelines. Methods Information was reviewed on 670 new cases of tuberculosis patients aged not less than 15 years and registered at the outpatient clinics of a large hospital in southern Thailand during October 2006 to September 2009. The patient was identified as having ATH if: (1) he/she was diagnosed as transaminitis, hepatitis or hepatotoxicity from antituberculosis (anti-TB) drugs; (2) their treatment regimen was subsequently modified by their attending physicians; and (3) their liver enzyme decreased after withdrawal of the suspected anti-TB drugs. Compliance with the ATS guidelines was considered on diagnosis, initial management, selection of alternative regimens, and a reintroduction strategy. Results The prevalence of ATH was 6.7%. The proportion of patients diagnosed as ATH in accordance with the ATS 2006 guidelines was 73.8%. For the initial management, isoniazid, rifampicin and pyrazinamide were concurrently stopped in 55.0% of patients. While waiting for normalization of liver enzymes, 28 patients (70.0%) were treated with alternative regimens and 12 patients (30.0%) took no drug. Only 47.5% of the ATH patients received a regimen in accordance with ATS guidelines, including three less hepatotoxic drugs (ethambutol, ofloxacin and streptomycin). Of 34 patients who discontinued the treatment, anti-TB drugs were reintroduced sequentially in 30 patients (88.2%). Of these, only 23.4% were firstly rechallenged with rifampicin as suggested by the ATS guidelines. Conclusions The practice of physicians on the diagnosis and management of ATH varied. The practices of physicians on the diagnosis and rechallenged method were in high compliance with the ATS guidelines. For the initial management and selection of alternative regimens, the physicians' compliance was not good. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Rattarasarn C.,Ramathibodi Hospital |
Leelawattana R.,Songklanagarind Hospital |
Soonthornpun S.,Songklanagarind Hospital
Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental | Year: 2010
Women have higher 2-hour plasma glucose levels after oral glucose challenge than men. The smaller skeletal muscle mass in women may contribute to the higher postload glucose levels. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that the different amount of skeletal muscle mass between men and women contributed to sex difference in postload plasma glucose levels in subjects with normal glucose tolerance. Forty-seven Thai subjects with normal glucose tolerance, 23 women and 24 age- and body mass index-matched men, were studied. Body fat, abdominal fat, and appendages lean mass were measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. Skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity was determined by euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp. First-phase insulin secretion and hepatic insulin sensitivity were determined from oral glucose tolerance data. β-Cell function was estimated from the homeostasis model assessment of %B by the homeostasis model assessment 2 model. Correlation and linear regression analysis were performed to identify factors contributing to variances of postload 2-hour plasma glucose levels. This study showed that women had significantly higher 2-hour plasma glucose levels and smaller skeletal muscle mass than men. Measures of insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity were not different between men and women. Male sex (r = -0.360, P = .013) and appendages lean mass (r = -0.411, P = .004) were negatively correlated with 2-hour plasma glucose, whereas log 2-hour insulin (r = 0.571, P < .0001), total body fat (r = 0.348, P = .016), and log abdominal fat (r = 0.298, P = .042) were positively correlated with 2-hour plasma glucose. The correlation of 2-hour plasma glucose and sex disappeared after adjustment for appendages lean mass. By multivariate linear regression analysis, log 2-hour insulin (β = 18.9, P < .0001), log 30-minute insulin (β = -36.3, P = .001), appendages lean mass (β = -1.0 × 10-3, P = .018), and hepatic insulin sensitivity index (β = -17.3, P = .041) explained 54.2% of the variance of 2-hour plasma glucose. In conclusion, the higher postload 2-hour plasma glucose levels in women was not sex specific but was in part a result of the smaller skeletal muscle mass. The early insulin secretion, hepatic insulin sensitivity, and skeletal muscle mass were the significant factors negatively predicting 2-hour postload plasma glucose levels in Thai subjects with normal glucose tolerance. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
PubMed | Beijing Friendship Hospital, Fortis Escorts Liver and Digestive Diseases Institute, Songklanagarind Hospital, University of Indonesia and 10 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Digestive endoscopy : official journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society | Year: 2016
The aim of this position statement is to reinforce the key points of hygiene in digestive endoscopy. The present article details the minimum hygiene requirements for reprocessing of endoscopes and endoscopic devices, regardless of the reprocessing method (automated washer-disinfector or manual cleaning) and the endoscopy setting (endoscopy suite, operating room, elective or emergency procedures). These minimum requirements are mandatory for patient safety. Both advanced diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopies should be carried out in an environment that is safe for patients and staff. Particular attention is given to contaminants. Procedural errors in decontamination, defective equipment, and failure to follow disinfection guidelines are major factors contributing to transmission of infection during endoscopy. Other important risk factors include inadequate cleaning, use of older endoscopes with surface and working channel irregularities, and contamination of water bottles or irrigating solutions. Infections by multidrug-resistant organisms have become an increasing problem in health-care systems worldwide. Since 2010, outbreaks of multidrug-resistant bacteria associated with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography have been reported from the USA, France, Germany, and The Netherlands. In many endoscopy units in Asia and the Middle East, reprocessing procedures have lagged behind those of Western countries for cultural reasons or lack of financial resources. This inconsistency in standards is now being addressed, and the World Endoscopy Organization has prepared this position statement to highlight key points for quality assurance in any endoscopy unit in any country.
PubMed | Songklanagarind Hospital and Prince of Songkla University
Type: | Journal: Journal of optometry | Year: 2016
Pupillary dilatation with three types of eye drops is used regularly in the clinic; however, a mixture of these drops in a single bottle may be more beneficial in reducing workloads and resources. This study compared the efficacy in pupillary dilatation between two protocols of dilating drop instillation.This prospective, randomized, comparative study included 30 eligible Thai patients. The patients randomly received preoperative pupillary dilatations by either the conventional protocol (1% tropicamide (T), 10% phenylephrine (P) and 0.1% diclofenac (D) in three separate bottles) or the fixed combination (TPD) protocol which had the three types of eye drops mixed in a single bottle in a ratio of 4:3:3. The chi-square test and independent t-test were used to analyze the data.The conventional protocol group and TPD protocol group each had 15 patients. Sixty minutes after the initial instillation, all patients in the TPD protocol and 13 patients (86.7%) in conventional protocol achieved at least 6mm in the shortest diameter. The mydriatic rate between protocols showed no difference. In patients who received the TPD protocol, the systemic effects on the mean arterial blood pressure and pulse rate decreased over time.The mixture of tropicamide, phenylephrine and diclofenac had a comparable efficacy for a pupillary dilatation to the conventional dilating drops in separate bottles. The systemic complications on blood pressure and arterial pulse of the TPD mixture were less than the conventional protocol.TCTR20130325001.