Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2007.1.2.1.1.;ENV.2007.3.2.1.1. | Award Amount: 2.92M | Year: 2008
During the twentieth century artists have used plastics and synthetics to create important pieces that are recognized nowadays as masterpieces. Unfortunately some plastics are degrading faster than had been expected and their preservation constitutes a challenge. Their is a lack of knowledge and agreement about the way we can exhibit, clean and store them in order to lower their deterioration speed. The focus of this project will be on art museum collections created with synthetic polymers (typically cellulose nitrate and acetates, poly (vinyl chloride), poly (methyl metacrylate) with a special interest into polyurethanes objects or coatings) and will focus on three dimensional objects as these frequently exhibit physical degradation. The objective is to develop a European wide accepted strategy that improves preservation and maintenance of plastic objects in museum collections. Based on scientific studies and experiences gathered from partners, it is proposed to evaluate and establish recommended practices and risk associated for exhibiting, cleaning and storing these artefacts.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-25-2015 | Award Amount: 4.00M | Year: 2015
Computer clock speeds have not increased since 2003, creating a challenge to invent a successor to CMOS technology able to resume performance improvement. The key requirements for a viable alternative are scalability to nanoscale dimensions following Moores Law and simultaneous reduction of line voltage in order to limit switching power. Achieving these two aims for both transistors and memory allows clock speed to again increase with dimensional scaling, a result that would have great impact across the IT industry. We propose to demonstrate an entirely new low-voltage, memory element that makes use of internal transduction in which a voltage state external to the device is converted to an internal acoustic signal that drives an insulator-metal transition. Modelling based on the properties of known materials at device dimensions on the 15 nm scale predicts that this mechanism enables device operation at voltages an order of magnitude lower than CMOS technology while achieving 10GHz operating speed; power is thus reduced two orders.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2012.10.2.1 | Award Amount: 3.90M | Year: 2012
The global market for photovoltaic (PV) cells that are converting sunlight into electricity almost doubled in 2010 to reach a massive 18.2 GW, nearly three times size of the market back in 2008. Crystalline silicon is the most common PV material today with a market share of more than 80%. New developments such as electrolyte based dye-sensitized solar cells as well as organic polymer cells have experienced remarkable progress in the laboratory but penetration into the market is still far away due to stability and sealing problems. Thus, this project will develop all-oxide photovoltaic cells based on nano-composite materials using combinatorial synthesis methods in conjunction with large throughput characterization and computational data analysis. Oxides are chemically stable, many of them are not hazardous, abundant and can furthermore be produced by low-cost methods. To challenge the inherent limitations of pure oxide semiconductors novel composite materials consisting of two or more pure metal oxides using various mixing ratios will be developed. Moreover, new fabrication techniques, powerful characterization tools and computational analysis methods will be employed that have not been available yet for material science. Combinatorial synthesis methods used in biology, chemistry and pharmaceutical research will be adopted to screen efficiently through a large amount of oxide compositions.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: ICT-28-2015 | Award Amount: 10.29M | Year: 2016
Photonics is essential in todays life science technology. PIX4life will mature a state of the art silicon nitride (SiN) photonics pilot line for life science applications in the visible range and pave the way to make it accessible as an enabler for product development by a broad range of industrial customers. We aim at 1) establishing a validated CMOS compatible SiN technology platform in the visible range for complex densely integrated photonics integrated circuits (PICs), 2) developing a supply chain to integrate mature semiconductor laser sources and CMOS detector arrays with the SiN PICs on the basis of technologies that are scalable to high volume, 3) establishing appropriate design kits and tools, 4) demonstrating the performance of the pilot line for well-chosen life science applications in the domain of vital sensing, multispectral sources for super-resolution microscopy, cytometry and 3D tissue imaging, 5) setting up the logistics for multi-project-wafer (MPW) access to the pilot line. Integrated photonics has demonstrated that optical functions can be realized in a more compact, robust and cost-effective way by integrating functionalities on a single chip. At present industrialization is limited to telecom applications at infrared wavelengths. The field of life sciences is heavily dependent on bulky and expensive optical systems and would benefit enormously from low cost photonic implementations. However this field requires a visible light PIC-technology. Proof of concept demonstrations are abundant, but pilot line and manufacturing capacity is limited, inhibiting industrial take up. PIX4life will drive the future European RTD in visible photonic applications for life sciences by bridging technological research (via participation of 2 academic and 2 research institutes) towards industrial development (via participation of a foundry, two large companies and 9 fabless SMEs, either technology suppliers or life science end users).
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-27-2015 | Award Amount: 3.49M | Year: 2015
Microwave photonics technology (MWP) has the potential to create a huge commercial impact by bringing together the worlds of microwave engineering and photonics and by enabling processing functionalities in microwave systems that are complex or totally impossible in the microwave domain. The main reason for not having achieved this so far has been the lack of a photonic integration technology that could address the specific needs of MWP. HAMLET aims to fill this gap and develop a disruptive photonic integration platform that will enable the development of very large scale photonic integrated circuits (VLSPICs) with cascaded stages of tunable structures for analog and digital signal processing, variety of optical processing functionalities and ultra-low optical loss. To this end, HAMLET will employ two integration levels. At the first one, it will develop a disruptive PZT-based phase-shifter technology on TriPleX platform with lower power consumption compared to thermal phase-shifters by almost one million times. At the same level HAMLET will incorporate the deposition of graphene films as a standard step in the fabrication process of polymer platform and will develop arrays of electro-absorption modulators with high bandwidth (>25 GHz). At the second integration level, HAMLET will bring together the two platforms under a 3D hybrid integration engine, and will develop circuits with record scale of integrated components (>300), record scale of functionalities with optical beamforming for 64-element antenna arrays at first place, and novel use as the interface between the wireless and the optical part at the antenna units of emerging 5G networks. Finally, in parallel with the system-related exploitation, HAMLET will also work on the unification of the two platforms under a multi-project wafer run type of services to external users, where the 3D integration engine will be used for provision of supersets of components and tools already available in the two platforms.