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Hada B.,Inha University | Yoo M.-R.,Inha University | Seong K.M.,Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power Co. | Jin Y.-W.,Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power Co. | And 2 more authors.
Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences | Year: 2013

D-chiro-inositol, a member of the inositol family, and pinitol, a 3-methoxy analogue of D-chiro-inositol, have been proposed to have antidiabetic, antiinflammatory, anticancer and stamina enhancing effects. We found that supplementing the diet of Drosophila with D-chiro-inositol and pinitol extended adult longevity in both male and female flies. Life span extension was accompanied by protection against oxidative and starvation stresses, improvement in health span, and no reduction in fecundity. Pinitol increased the fly life span, both in dietary restriction and in ad libitum conditions, suggesting that pinitol increased life span in a manner that was independent of the dietary restriction pathway. Nuclear localization of dFOXO increased in D-chiro-inositol and pinitol-fed flies when compared with controls. Pinitol treatment significantly activated JNK and S6K, but not AKT, indicating that the activation of dFOXO by pinitol is acquired by the activation of S6K and JNK signaling. Hence, our study indicated that D-chiro-inositol and pinitol could be novel food-derived antiaging compounds. © 2012 The Author. Source


Lee J.-H.,Korea University | Lee J.Y.,Korea University | Song J.-A.,SolGent Co. | Han K.-Y.,Samsung | And 2 more authors.
Protein Expression and Purification | Year: 2014

When used as an N-terminal fusion expression partner, the Escherichia coli stress-responsive protein, CysQ dramatically increased the cytoplasmic solubility of various aggregation-prone heterologous proteins: Pseudomonas putida cutinase (CUT), human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (hG-CSF), human ferritin light chain (hFTN-L), arginine deiminase (ADI), human interleukin-2 (IL2), human activation induced cytidine deaminase (AID), and deletion mutant of human glutamate decarboxylase (GAD448-585). As compared with well-known fusion tags such as glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and maltose-binding protein (MBP), the performance of CysQ as solubility enhancer was evidently better than GST and was similar to or better than MBP for the seven heterologous proteins above. This is likely due to the intrinsic ability of CysQ to form its native conformation, probably promoting the binding of molecular chaperones during the folding of CysQ-fusion protein. When used as a substrate, p-nitrophenyl butyrate (PNB) was successfully hydrolyzed to p-nitrophenol by CysQ-CUT fusion mutant. Even after CysQ was removed, the solubility of hFTN-L and hG-CSF, the secondary structure of hG-CSF, and self-assembly activity of hFTN-L were successfully maintained. Conclusively, it seems that CysQ is a highly effective solubility enhancer and fusion expression partner for the production of a variety of bio-active recombinant proteins. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source


Kang Y.-S.,Korea University | Song J.-A.,SolGent Co. | Han K.-Y.,Samsung | Lee J.,Korea University
Journal of Biotechnology | Year: 2015

Since the use of solubility enhancer proteins is one of the effective methods to produce active recombinant proteins within Escherichia coli, the development of a novel fusion expression partner that can be applied to various aggregation-prone proteins is of crucial importance. In our previous work, two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) was employed to systematically analyze the E. coli BL21 (DE3) proteome profile in response to heat treatment, and KDPG aldolase (EDA) was identified as a heat-responsive and aggregation-resistant protein. When used as fusion expression partner, EDA significantly increased the solubility of seven aggregation-prone heterologous proteins in the E. coli cytoplasm. The efficacy of EDA as a fusion expression partner was evaluated through the analysis of bioactivity or secondary structure of several target proteins: EDA-fusion expression resulted in the synthesis of bioactive human ferritin light chain and bacterial arginine deiminase and the formation of correct secondary structure of human granulocyte colony stimulation factor. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source


Ji M.,University of Ulsan | Lee N.-S.,SolGent Co. | Oh J.-M.,SolGent Co. | Jo J.Y.,SolGent Co. | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Microbiological Methods | Year: 2014

The aim of this study was to develop a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) PCR assay to be performed directly on respiratory samples for the simultaneous detection of Mycoplasma pneumoniae and its 23S rRNA gene mutations, which are responsible for macrolide resistance. For multiplex SNP PCR, two outer primers for amplification of the 23S rRNA gene and two mutant-specific primers for the discrimination of single base changes were designed. A total of 73. M. pneumoniae-positive samples and 100. M. pneumoniae-negative samples were analyzed using this assay. By SNP PCR, we detected two mutations conferring high-level macrolide resistance in 22 samples (A2063G from 20 and A2064G from 2 samples); these results are identical to those produced by the 23S rRNA gene sequencing of M. pneumoniae-positive samples. Thus, this assay can be used as a practical method for the simultaneous detection of M. pneumoniae and mutations associated with macrolide resistance directly from respiratory samples. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source


Seong J.-Y.,Kookmin University | Ko Y.-J.,SolGent Co. | Myeong H.-K.,SolGent Co. | Oh S.-W.,Kookmin University
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology | Year: 2016

In this study, polyethylene glycol (PEG) was used to improve DNA amplification efficiency during whole genome amplification (WGA). Amplification efficiency was determined by adding PEG with different molecular weights to the WGA reaction. The greatest increase in amplification efficiency was obtained with PEG 4,000 used at 1.5% concentration. Foodborne pathogenic DNA was amplified by WGA and quantitatively analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. DNA of Salmonella serotype Typhimurium, Listeria monocytogenes, and Vibrio parahaemolyticus was amplified 7,777.01, 9,981.22, and 1,239.03 fold, respectively, by WGA. On adding PEG in the WGA reaction (i.e., enhanced WGA [eWGA]), 18-40-fold more DNA amplification was achieved. Thus, these analyses showed that foodborne pathogens, which are usually present at very low concentration in foods, can be detected by real-time PCR and WGA. Source

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