Soil Fertility Survey and Soil Testing Institute

Rāwalpindi, Pakistan

Soil Fertility Survey and Soil Testing Institute

Rāwalpindi, Pakistan
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Rahi A.A.,Government of Punjab | Mehdi S.M.,Soil Fertility Survey and Soil Testing Institute | Rasheed M.K.,Government of Punjab | Butt B.,Government of Punjab | And 3 more authors.
Life Science Journal | Year: 2013

Context to screen out the tolerance ability of Zea Mays at existing marginal environmental conditions, a study was chalked out with the hypothesis to point out the salinity thrive by maize under brackish water irrigation practice for their sustainability options in existing agro-ecosystem. In this regard, solution culture study was initiated under controlled conditions at Soil & Water Testing Laboratory for Research, Multan. All the recorded growth attributes such as shoot fresh/dry weight, root fresh/dry weight, showed a hetrogenic behavior to various brackish water irrigation application. Salinity build up in all the leaves was quite different. Highest growth retardation has been noted in T5 amid all other treatments due to possessing high strength of salt stress (i.e., EC, SAR, RSC). Normal water had maintained lower buildup of Sodium content in leaves of maize. It has been concluded from the findings that Sahiwal 02 and Akbar genotypes performed better by retarding the uptake of Na and boosting the uptake of K due to their selection mechanism in all types of brackish water irrigation. Such findings would be best viable option and paradox for policy makers to develop a suitable cropping system at marginal environmental areas of Punjab.


Ur Rehman O.,Soil and Water Conservation Research Station | Rashid M.,Soil and Water Conservation Research Station | Kausar R.,Soil and Water Conservation Research Station | Alvi S.,Soil Fertility Survey and Soil Testing Institute | Sajjad M.R.,Soil and Water Conservation Research Institute
Soil and Environment | Year: 2015

Soil erosion is a serious threat to counter global population growth with increased and sustainable agricultural production. Torrential rains in sub-mountainous areas of Pakistan yields tremendous amount of runoff which is a major limiting factor to obtain maximum benefits of land use in sloppy areas. A study was planned to estimate the runoff and soil loss under different vegetation covers and slope. For this purpose, three slope gradients, i.e., 1, 5 and 10% were established having four plots of each slope gradient. Three crops, i.e., groundnut, mungbean and millet were sown with a fallow plot (bare soil), on each slope gradient. Runoff and sediment produced after every rainfall (≥ 20 mm) was collected and runoff and sediment losses under each crop cover and slope gradient, were calculated. The results showed that groundnut, mungbean and millet has decreased the accumulative soil sediment loss upto 40, 28 and 38% and runoff loss was decreased by 31, 30 and 24%, respectively, comparing with the bare soil. The highest soil and water losses were monitored at 10% slope gradient following 5 and 1% slope gradients, respectively under all vegetation covers. However, under the same topographic condition, different crops runoff and soil loss show obvious disparity. Topographic gradient has shown significant variation on soil and water loss. It was concluded that crop cover is the best option for appropriate soil and water conservation and profitable crop husbandry. © 2015, Soil Science Society of Pakistan.


Rashid M.,Soil and Water Conservation Research Station | Rehman O.U.,Soil and Water Conservation Research Station | Alvi S.,Soil Fertility Survey and Soil Testing Institute | Kausar R.,Soil and Water Conservation Research Station | Akram M.I.,Soil and Water Conservation Research Station
Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences | Year: 2016

Depletion of soil moisture and soil nutrients by run-off is a serious problem in many parts of sloppy rainfed tract of Pakistan particularly in Fateh Jang areas. Terrace Structures (TS) are one of the important measures to enhance the water conservation and to check depletion of essential nutrient elements to obtain maximum crop yield on sloppy lands. A study was executed to assess the performance of TS regarding run off interception to conserve soil moisture and soil fertility for wheat production in uneven terrain of rainfed region. Wheat was sown on the upstream of TS consisting of two major blocks; Recommended Rate of Fertilizer (RRF) and Farmer Practice (FP) while under both there were two sub-blocks; With Terrace Structure (WTS) and Without Terrace Structure (WOTS) which hence constitute four treatments consisting of Recommended Rate of Fertilizer with Structure (RRFWS), Recommended Rate of Fertilizer Without Structure (RRFWOS), Farmer Practice With Structure (FPWS) and Farmer Practice Without Structure (FPWOS). Results of this experiment revealed that TS has increased the wheat grain yield significantly (20%) through conservation of soil moisture contents (16 %) and soil fertility level. TS had decreased the gullies/rills formation through the efficient removal of excess rainwater. © 2016, University of Agriculture. All rights reserved.


Alvi S.,Soil Fertility Survey and Soil Testing Institute | Khalid R.,Soil and Water Conservation Research Station | Rashid M.,Soil Fertility Survey and Soil Testing Institute | Waheed A.,Soil Fertility Survey and Soil Testing Institute | Javed A.S.,Soil Fertility Survey and Soil Testing Institute
Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research | Year: 2011

Study of micronutrients in the soil of Hazro area of District Attock (Potohar), Pakistan, revealed micronutrient deficiency in the order of Fe> Mn> Zn> Cu. All the soils were low to medium in Fe and Mn followed by Zn content, whereas only 8% samples had low Cu content. 92% and 18% soils in Hazro area had satisfactory to adequate Cu and Zinc contents, respectively, Thus soils were deficient in Fe, Mn and Zn, whereas Cu was in medium to adequate range.


Afzal A.,Hazara University | Saleem S.,Soil Fertility Survey and Soil Testing Institute | Iqbal Z.,Hazara University | Jan G.,Hazara University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Plant Nutrition | Year: 2014

The effect of inoculation of Rhizobium or Pseudomonas, or both, in the presence and absence of phosphorus pentoxide (P2O5) fertilizer on wheat yield was tested. The experiment was conducted outdoors in potted soil during two consecutive years under natural conditions. Rhizobial strain (Thal 8-chickpea nodulating bacteria) and Pseudomonas strain (54RB), both indigenous P solubilizers were applied in broth culture at seedling stage. Fertilizer in the form of P2O5 was an additional treatment applied at sowing time. Results revealed that inoculation of Pseudomonas strain in presence of phosphorus (P) fertilizer increased yield up to 41.8% when it was compared with only P fertilizer applied. Co-inoculation of Rhizobium and Pseudomonas strains with the P2O5 treatment however resulted in increased grains yield by 10% over the P2O5 treatment alone. It is inferred that inoculation with Rhizobium and Pseudomonas combined with P2O5 is not only environmentally beneficial but also economically sound and productive, with wheat yield increases of 10% to 42%. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


Khalid R.,Soil Fertility Survey and Soil Testing Institute | Khan K.S.,Pmas Arid Agriculture University | Islam M.,National Fertilizer Development Center | Yousaf M.,Pmas Arid Agriculture University | Shabbir G.,Pmas Arid Agriculture University
Journal of the Chemical Society of Pakistan | Year: 2012

A two year field study was conducted at two different locations in northern rainfed Punjab, Pakistan to assess the effect of different rates of sulfur application from various sources on soil sulfur fractions and growth of Brassica napus. The treatments included three sulfur sources i. e., single super phosphate, ammonium sulfate and gypsum each applied at five different rates (0, 10, 20, 30 and 40 kg S ha -1). Sulfur application had a significant positive effect on the growth and yield parameters of Brassica napus. Among the sulfur sources ammonium sulfate resulted in maximum increase in plant growth and yield parameters, followed by single super phosphate. Sulfur content and uptake by crop plants was significantly higher with ammonium sulfate application as compared to other two sulfur sources. Sulfur application also exerted a significant positive effect on different S fractions in the soils. On an average, 18.0% of the applied sulfur got incorporated into CaCl 2- extractable sulfur fraction, while 15.6% and 35.5% entered into adsorbed and organic sulfur fractions in the soils, respectively. The value cost ratio increased significantly by sulfur application up to 30 kg ha -1. Among sulfur sources, ammonium sulfate performed best giving the highest net return.


Dilshad M.,Soil Fertility Survey and Soil Testing Institute | Lone M.I.,Pmas Arid Agriculture University | Jilani G.,Pmas Arid Agriculture University | Malik M.A.,Pmas Arid Agriculture University | And 3 more authors.
Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research Series B: Biological Sciences | Year: 2011

The study of the use of organic (FYM) and inorganic (NPK) nutrient sources with biofertiliser on wheat-fallow and wheat-maize cropping system under rainfed environment revealed significant increase in biometric parameters of wheat during winter and summer seasons of two years. During both the seasons, application of 1/2 NPK + 1/2 FYM + Biopower (brand) produced the highest grain yield (3684 kg/ha) and (3781 kg/ha) of wheat with the maximum N uptake of 357 kg/ha, P uptake of 51 kg/ha and K uptake of 215 kg/ha. Wheat-maize cropping system was found to be profitable economically with integrated use of mineral and organic and/or Biopower under rainfed conditions of Pakistan.


Waheed A.,Soil Fertility Survey and Soil Testing Institute | Khalid R.,Soil Fertility Survey and Soil Testing Institute | Mahmood T.,Soil Fertility Survey and Soil Testing Institute | Siddique M.T.,Pmas Arid Agriculture University | Javed A.S.,Soil Fertility Survey and Soil Testing Institute
Soil and Environment | Year: 2010

A study was undertaken to categorize suitability of groundwater for irrigation purpose in Taxila area of Rawalpindi district. A total of 628 water samples were collected from nine union councils in Taxila, analyzed and categorized according to the suitability criteria of water quality evaluation. Sixty six percent water samples were fit, 21 % were marginally fit and 13 % were found unfit for irrigation purposes. In majority of the union councils, water was fit for irrigation except Thatta Khalil and Khurram Paracha where > 20 % of water samples were unfit. About 17 % water samples were unfit due to higher electrical conductivity (EC). Residual sodium carbonate (RSC) and sodium adsorption ratio (SAR) were higher in few water samples, while > 90 % water samples had RSC and SAR within prescribed safe permissible limits. The dominant cations were Ca++ + Mg++ and Na+ with mean values of 7.6 and 3.3 me L-1 whereas, HCO- 3 and Cl- were dominant anion with mean values of 4.2 and 3.0 me L-1, respectively. The analytical data indicated that these waters had higher EC. However, the quality of available groundwater in the tehsil is suitable for raising trees and orchards. Guidelines of water for irrigation purpose should be based on the soil textural class for its maximum utilizationr and to avoid any potential harmful effects on soil health. © 2010, Soil Science Society of Pakistan.


Dilshad M.D.,Soil Fertility Survey and Soil Testing Institute | Lone M.I.,Pmas Arid Agriculture University | Jilani G.,Pmas Arid Agriculture University | Azim Malik M.,Pmas Arid Agriculture University | And 3 more authors.
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2010

Integrated use of plant nutrients aim at combined use of inorganic and organic sources of plant nutrients to improve efficiency of applied nutrients, reduce environmental hazards and improve crop productivity. A field experiment was conducted at the Research Farm of Soil Science and SWC, Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan. It was laid out according to RCBD in split-plots with three replications. The sub-plot size was 6 m x 4 m (24 m2). The wheat-maize cropping system was used to record data of two summer maize crops in under rainfed environment. There were nine treatments of integrated plant nutrient management practices. These included: control (without NPK fertilizer, FYM or biofertilizer); half of recommended NPK; full dose of recommended N-P2O5-K2O (120-90-60 kg/ha); FYM @ 20 t/ha, FYM on N requirement basis + make-up dose of P/K fertilizer; 1/2 NPK + FYM @ 10 t/ha; 1/2 NPK + Biopower; 1/2 FYM + Biopower and 1/2 NPK + 1/2 FYM + Biopower. The significant increase in various yield attributes due to IPNM produced highest biological and grain yield of 8579 kg/ha and 3128 kg/ha in 2005; while these were recorded 8475 kg/ha and 3119 kg/ha respectively in 2006. Integrated plant nutrient treatments especially with Biopower improved NPK uptake over sole mineral/organic fertilizers. The economic analysis revealed that wheat-maize cropping system was profitable with integrated use of mineral, organic and/or biofertilizer Biopower under rainfed condition. © Asian Network for Scientific Information, 2010.


Ullah R.,Soil Fertility Survey and Soil Testing Institute | Lone M.I.,Pmas Arid Agriculture University | Mian S.M.,Soil Fertility Survey and Soil Testing Institute | Ali S.,Pmas Arid Agriculture University | And 3 more authors.
Soil and Environment | Year: 2012

Soil biological health is one of the best indicators for soil fertility thus plays a significant role in sustainability of cropping systems. This study was designed to investigate the impact of different seasonal variations and cropping systems on soil microbial biomass and enzymatic activities in sloppy arid soils. Soil samples were collected from the sloppy soils (high, medium and low height terraces) of Khairimurat areas under wheat (Triticum aestivum)-millet (Pennisetum glaucum) and wheat (Triticum aestivum)-mung bean (Vigna radiate) cropping systems. The results revealed that the soil microbial biomass Carbon (Cmic), Nitrogen (Nmic), Phosphorous (Pmic), soil enzymes such as Dehydrogenase (DH) and Alkaline Phosphatase (AP) activity entirely depends on the soil water availability under both cropping systems at all height terraces. The wheat-mung bean cropping systems stored relatively more Nmic, Pmic, AP (activity) and less Cmic, DH (activity) as compared to wheat-millet cropping systems. Regarding the slope gradient under both cropping patterns, high height terraces had retained more Cmic contents, medium height terraces had shown more DH activity and low height terraces had maintained more Pmic contents. In addition to this, Nmic contents and AP activity remained almost similar in all types of terraces under both cropping patterns. Pertaining to seasonal variations under both cropping patterns, the summer season had shown more Cmic, Nmic, Pmic, DH and AP activity as compared to spring, winter and autumn season in all types of terraces. The soil water contents increased down to depth in all types of terraces under both cropping patterns. However, soil water contents remained heterogeneous in all types of terraces under both cropping patterns. In conclusion, it is suggested that in arid environments, cover crops be included in cropping system in order to enhance soil biological health. © 2012, Soil Science Society of Pakistan.

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