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Firenze, Italy

Mannelli F.,University of Florence | Ponziani V.,University of Florence | Bonetti M.I.,University of Florence | Bencini S.,University of Florence | And 11 more authors.
Experimental Hematology | Year: 2015

The presence of multilineage dysplasia (MLD) by morphology at diagnosis in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) defines a separate subset in the World Health Organization classification with still-debated prognostic value. A major controversy concerns MLD's role in NPM1-mutated (NPM1+) AML, which correlates with good prognosis. We used flow cytometry (FC), an emerging technique for assessing dysplasia, to investigate MLD in NPM1+ AML by an immunophenotypic score (IPS), a technique previously adopted in myelodysplastic syndrome. Eighty-five intensively treated NPM1+ AML cases were studied. Patients were grouped according to the combination of data in maturing cell compartments. FC-assessed dysplasia showed a significant correlation with morphology-assessed dysplasia, showing the efficacy of this method in highlighting dysplasia in AML. Except for MLD, IPS did not influence any patient- or disease-related characteristics at diagnosis. Furthermore, IPS did not influence complete remission rate, disease-free survival, or overall survival. By investigating NPM1 status on separated cell compartments, we established a correlation between FC-assessed MLD and belonging to AML clone. This study shows that dysplasia evaluated by immunophenotype has no impact on clinical-biological characteristics or on outcome of NPM1+ AML. Dysplasia is part of the spectrum of NPM1+ AML, and the prognostic stratification of this category of patients should not be based upon it. © 2015 ISEH - International Society for Experimental Hematology.

Previdere C.,University of Pavia | Grignani P.,University of Pavia | Alessandrini F.,Marche Polytechnic University | Alu M.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia | And 17 more authors.
Forensic Science International: Genetics | Year: 2013

The 2011 collaborative exercise of the ISFG Italian Working Group GeFI was aimed at validating the five ENFSI/EDNAP miniSTR loci D1S1656, D2S441, D10S1248, D12S391 and D22S1045. The protocol required to type at least 50 multilocus profiles from locally resident individuals and two blind bloodstains in duplicate (i.e., using at least two different commercial kits), and to send the electropherograms to the Organizing Committee. Nineteen laboratories distributed across Italy participated, collecting a total of 960 samples. Full concordance was found for the five new miniSTRs as observed from the comparison of 13,150 alleles. The inspection of the electropherograms allowed the identification of a very limited number of mistypings in the miniSTR genotypes thus contributing to the establishment of an high quality Italian database of frequencies. © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Fattorini P.,University of Trieste | Previdere C.,University of Pavia | Sorcaburu-Cigliero S.,University of Trieste | Marrubini G.,University of Pavia | And 33 more authors.
Electrophoresis | Year: 2014

The role of DNA damage in PCR processivity/fidelity is a relevant topic in molecular investigation of aged/forensic samples. In order to reproduce one of the most common lesions occurring in postmortem tissues, a new protocol based on aqueous hydrolysis of the DNA was developed in vitro. Twenty-five forensic laboratories were then provided with 3.0 μg of a trial sample (TS) exhibiting, in mean, the loss of 1 base of 20, and a molecular weight below 300 bp. Each participating laboratory could freely choose any combination of methods, leading to the quantification and to the definition of the STR profile of the TS, through the documentation of each step of the analytical approaches selected. The results of the TS quantification by qPCR showed significant differences in the amount of DNA recorded by the participating laboratories using different commercial kits. These data show that only DNA quantification "relative" to the used kit (probe) is possible, being the "absolute" amount of DNA inversely related to the length of the target region (r2 = 0.891). In addition, our results indicate that the absence of a shared stable and certified reference quantitative standard is also likely involved. STR profiling was carried out selecting five different commercial kits and amplifying the TS for a total number of 212 multiplex PCRs, thus representing an interesting overview of the different analytical protocols used by the participating laboratories. Nine laboratories decided to characterize the TS using a single kit, with a number of amplifications varying from 2 to 12, obtaining only partial STR profiles. Most of the participants determined partial or full profiles using a combination of two or more kits, and a number of amplifications varying from 2 to 27. The performance of each laboratory was described in terms of number of correctly characterized loci, dropped-out markers, unreliable genotypes, and incorrect results. The incidence of unreliable and incorrect genotypes was found to be higher for participants carrying out a limited number of amplifications, insufficient to define the correct genotypes from damaged DNA samples such as the TS. Finally, from a dataset containing about 4500 amplicons, the frequency of PCR artifacts (allele dropout, allele drop-in, and allelic imbalance) was calculated for each kit showing that the new chemistry of the kits is not able to overcome the concern of template-related factors. The results of this collaborative exercise emphasize the advantages of using a standardized degraded DNA sample in the definition of which analytical parameters are critical for the outcome of the STR profiles. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Tomberli B.,Centro Of Riferimento Per Le Cardiomiopatie | Girolami F.,SOD Diagnostica Genetica | Coppini R.,University of Florence | Ferrantini C.,University of Florence | And 2 more authors.
Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia | Year: 2012

The management of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and refractory symptoms due to massive hypertrophy and severe diastolic dysfunction represents a real challenge for the clinical cardiologist. Such patients often require novel therapeutic approaches, both invasive and pharmacological, involving multidisciplinary teamwork; however, the implementation of potentially viable treatment options is hindered by lack of disease-specific evidence. We report the case of a young woman with severe HCM and restrictive physiology, who underwent extensive myectomy via the transaortic and transapical approach, followed by biventricular pacing for cardiac resynchronization, with significant but incomplete symptomatic improvement. The subsequent introduction of ranolazine, based on promising preclinical data, has led to an excellent final result. An ongoing randomized clinical trial is currently testing the efficacy of ranolazine in symptomatic HCM. © 2012 Il Pensiero Scientifico Editore.

Biagini E.,University of Bologna | Olivotto I.,Centro Of Riferimento Per Le Cardiomiopatie | Iascone M.,USSD Laboratorio Genetica Medica | Parodi M.I.,Science Laboratorio Of Genetica Umana | And 17 more authors.
American Journal of Cardiology | Year: 2014

End-stage hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (ES-HC) has an ominous prognosis. Whether genotype can influence ES-HC occurrence is unresolved. We assessed the spectrum and clinical correlates of HC-associated mutations in a large multicenter cohort with end-stage ES-HC. Sequencing analysis of 8 sarcomere genes (MYH7, MYBPC3, TNNI3, TNNT2, TPM1, MYL2, MYL3, and ACTC1) and 2 metabolic genes (PRKAG2 and LAMP2) was performed in 156 ES-HC patients with left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) <50%. A comparison among mutated and negative ES-HC patients and a reference cohort of 181 HC patients with preserved LVEF was performed. Overall, 131 mutations (36 novel) were identified in 104 ES-HC patients (67%) predominantly affecting MYH7 and MYBPC3 (80%). Complex genotypes with double or triple mutations were present in 13% compared with 5% of the reference cohort (p = 0.013). The distribution of mutations was otherwise indistinguishable in the 2 groups. Among ES-HC patients, those presenting at first evaluation before the age of 20 had a 30% prevalence of complex genotypes compared with 19% and 21% in the subgroups aged 20 to 59 and ≥60 years (p = 0.003). MYBPC3 mutation carriers with ES-HC were older than patients with MYH7, other single mutations, or multiple mutations (median 41 vs 16, 26, and 28 years, p ≤0.001). Outcome of ES-HC patients was severe irrespective of genotype. In conclusion, the ES phase of HC is associated with a variable genetic substrate, not distinguishable from that of patients with HC and preserved EF, except for a higher frequency of complex genotypes with double or triple mutations of sarcomere genes. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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