Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SEC-2007-3.2-03 | Award Amount: 16.10M | Year: 2009
Illegal immigration and illicit material detection is a growing concern at the European borders; in that respect border security checkpoints must be particularly efficient against any kind of threat. If airport checkpoints controls are today technically improving, land and seaport checkpoints differ strongly from airports ones and are more complex to process. During the last years, most of the efforts were devoted to develop new solutions addressing new security challenges in airports. We can expect that very shortly authorities will have to guarantee the same level of security controls for all types of borders. The global objective of EFFISEC, a mission oriented project, is to deliver to border authorities more efficient technological equipment: providing higher security level of identity and luggage control of pedestrians and passengers inside vehicles, at land and maritime checkpoints, while maintaining or improving the flow of people crossing borders, and improving work conditions of border inspectors, with more powerful capabilities, less repetitive tasks, and more ergonomic equipment. EFFISEC will provide border officers with up-to-dated technologies: allowing systematic in depth controls of travellers, luggage and vehicles, for pedestrians and people inside vehicles, through the use of automatic gates and portable identity check and scanning equipment, providing objective criteria for submitting some travellers/vehicles/luggage to an extensive check in specific lanes. Based on a detailed analysis of the operational requirements (including ergonomics, security and legal issues) for all types of borders, EFFISEC will focus on four technical key issues: documents and identity check, detection of illicit substances, video surveillance and secured communications. The technology proposed will be demonstrated for pedestrians, and travellers using cars and buses; standardisation aspects will be considered and results disseminated.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: GV-02-2016 | Award Amount: 3.71M | Year: 2016
A large proportion of the total number of particles emitted from direct injection engines are below 23 nm and although the EU aims to regulate those emissions and impose limits for new light duty vehicles, this is not yet possible due to the absence of accurate quantification methods, especially under real driving conditions. The main reason for this is the absence of adequate knowledge regarding the nature of sub-23 nm particles from different engine/fuel combinations under different operating conditions. SUREAL-23 aims to overcome such barriers by introducing novel measurement technology for concentration/size/composition measurements. The recently established supercontinuum laser technology will be coupled to photoacoustic analysis and will also be employed for photoelectric ionization aerosol charging to achieve real-time, composition size-specific analysis of the particles. In parallel, state of the art aerosol measurement techniques will be advanced for better compatibility with sub-23 nm exhaust particles as well as on-board use. The developed instrumentation will assess sub-23 nm particle emissions from both Diesel and GDI vehicles accounting for effects of the fuel, lubricants, aftertreatment and driving conditions for existing and near-future vehicle configurations. The most suitable concepts will be developed for PN-PEMS applications and evaluated accordingly. The project will provide measurement technologies that will complement and extend established particle measurement protocols, sustaining the extensive investments that have already been made by industry and regulation authorities. The project will deliver systematic characterization of sub 23-nm particles to facilitate future particle emission regulations as well as to assess any potential trade-off between advances in ICE technology towards increased efficiency and emissions. The consortium consists of European and US organisations, which are leaders in the field of aerosol and particle technology.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IAPP | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-IAPP | Award Amount: 915.99K | Year: 2014
Progress in a wide range of disciplines relies on the development of novel instrumentation. Pushing the limits of analytical equipment results in benefits, for example, through the discovery of illness biomarkers. This project is framed in the field of instrumentation development, in particular for the detection of vapors in real time, and with high sensitivity. Here, we propose to join the expertise of an engineering SME (SEADM) and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) to address four main S&T developments: i) Delivery of pre-marketable ionization sources that ultimately will be commercialized as an add-on for pre-existing mass spectrometers (MS). This will represent a cost-effective option for researchers willing to transform their MS systems into efficient detectors of vapors. During this developmental program, we will gain insights into the ionization mechanism of secondary electrospray ionization (SESI), which is the technique at the core of the add-ons to be delivered; ii) SEADM has recently proposed (patented) a SESI source capable of detecting minute gas-samples (parts per quadrillion in the gas phase, equivalent to a few femtograms). We will develop improved SESI ionizers, will couple them to various MS systems, and will use one MS available at ETH to investigate its potential in the analysis of single cell metabolomics; SEADM has developed an ion mobility spectrometer (dubbed DMA), which can be readily interfaced with pre-existing MS instruments. iii) Based on this precedent, a third instrumental development will be a SESI-DMA-MS system iv) suitable for the rapid screening of volatiles in ambient air. Such a platform would complement current commercial alternatives. This plan will be accomplished through the bidirectional exchange of knowledge. As a result, SEADM will ultimately strengthen its position in the market. The ETH will benefit by having access to novel state-of-the-art instrumentation.
Vidal-De-Miguel G.,Sociedad Europea de Analisis Diferencial de Movilidad SL |
Vidal-De-Miguel G.,University of Valladolid |
Macia M.,Sociedad Europea de Analisis Diferencial de Movilidad SL |
Barrios C.,Sociedad Europea de Analisis Diferencial de Movilidad SL |
And 2 more authors.
Analytical Chemistry | Year: 2015
A prototype is introduced based on the transversal modulation ion mobility spectrometry (TMIMS) technique, which provides a continuous output of mobility-selected ions, greatly easing the synchronization between different analyzing stages. In the new architecture, two stages of filtration are used to drastically reduce the background produced by one stage alone. Two-stages TMIMS was coupled with two different atmospheric pressure interface mass spectrometers (MS). The new system enables IMS-IMS-MS analysis and other modes of operation: IMS prefiltration, IMS-IMS, and full transmission mode. It provides a resolving power R > 60 in IMS mode, and R > 40 in each stage of IMS-IMS mode. 2-Propanol vapors were introduced in one of the stages to enhance the mobility variations, and their effect was studied on a set of tetraalkylammonium ions. We found that concentrations as low as 1% (in partial pressure) produce mobility variations as high as 20%, which suggest that IMS-IMS separation using dried N2 (in one stage) and a dopant (in the other stage), could be a very powerful way to enhance the separation capacity of the IMS-IMS prefiltration approach. © 2015 American Chemical Society.
MacLachlan R.A.,Carnegie Mellon University |
Becker B.C.,Carnegie Mellon University |
Tabares J.C.,University of Valladolid |
Tabares J.C.,Sociedad Europea de Analisis Diferencial de Movilidad SL |
And 3 more authors.
IEEE Transactions on Robotics | Year: 2012
We describe the design and performance of a handheld actively stabilized tool to increase accuracy in microsurgery or other precision manipulation. It removes involuntary motion, such as tremor, by the actuation of the tip to counteract the effect of the undesired handle motion. The key components are a 3-degree-of-freedom (DOF) piezoelectric manipulator that has a 400-m range of motion, 1-N force capability, and bandwidth over 100Hz, and an optical position-measurement subsystem that acquires the tool pose with 4-m resolution at 2000 samples/s. A control system using these components attenuates hand motion by at least 15 dB (a fivefold reduction). By the consideration of the effect of the frequency response of Micron on the human visual feedback loop, we have developed a filter that reduces unintentional motion, yet preserves the intuitive eye-hand coordination. We evaluated the effectiveness of Micron by measuring the accuracy of the human/machine system in three simple manipulation tasks. Handheld testing by three eye surgeons and three nonsurgeons showed a reduction in the position error of between 32 and 52, depending on the error metric. © 2006 IEEE.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: SME-1 | Phase: SC5-20-2015-1 | Award Amount: 71.43K | Year: 2016
SEADM is a Spanish SME founded in 2005, whose aim is to become a centre of excellence in the field of analytical instrumentation for the detection of trace elements. Its founder, Yale Professor Juan Fernandez de la Mora, is a world leader in the field of ion mobility. In the last complete review about the integration of ion mobility and mass spectrometry, published by three of the most prestigious academics in the field, SEADM was quoted as owner and developer of 2 of the 6 most relevant ion mobility techniques today: DMA and TM-IMS. SEADM was the only European company appearing in the review. The monitoring and control of atmospheric pollutants is a subject of prime importance worldwide. Recent evidence from the World Health Organization indicates that about one out of eight deaths occurred in the world are actually due to air pollution. The proposed HAZEL project will be devoted to the introduction in the market of a new instrument for the analysis of atmospheric sub-trace pollutants, based upon SEADM technology, with the capability of revolutionizing the field. Among other advantages to be addressed along the present proposal, the HAZEL instrument would generate: 1) a 10-fold slash in the analysis cost vs. state-of-the-art technology, 2) highly automated operation and 3) improved technical performance. The specific objectives of HAZEL Phase 1 are as follows: 1. Technical study to confirm or alternatively redefine the operating parameters of SEADMs vapour analysis system. Tests will be performed for a selection of representative sub-trace air pollutants. For feasibility assessment, results will be judged against relevant EU standards and regulations. 2. Market study to review the preliminary description of the market presently defined. 3. Study of the present HAZEL Business Plan, in order to validate or alternatively redefine its parameters, including its financing requirements. 4. Study and review of our current strategy on IPR and legal issues.