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Ogata Y.,Kurume University | Matono K.,Kurume University | Tsuda H.,Kurume Daiichi Social Insurance Hospital | Ushijima M.,Kurume University | And 3 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Background: Antineoplastons are naturally occurring peptides and amino acid derivatives found in human blood and urine. Antineoplaston A10 and AS2-1 reportedly control neoplastic growth and do not significantly inhibit normal cell growth. Antineoplastons contain 3-phenylacetyla-mino-2, 6-piperidinedione (A10), phenylacetylglutamine plus phenylacetylisoglutamine (A10-I), and phenylacetylglutamine plus phenylacetate (AS2-1). This open label, nonblinded randomized phase II study compared the efficacy of hepatic arterial infusion (HAI) with 5-fluorouracil,with or without antineoplastons as a postoperative therapy for colorectal metastasis to the liver. Methods: Sixty-five patients with histologically confirmed metastatic colon adenocarcinoma in liver, who had undergone hepatectomy, and/or thermal ablation for liver metastases were enrolled between 1998- 2004 in Kurume University Hospital. Patients were randomly assigned to receive systemic antineoplastons (A10-I infusion followed by per-oral AS2-1) plus HAI (AN arm) or HAI alone (control arm) based on the number of metastases and presence/ absence of extra-hepatic metastasis at the time of surgery. Primary endpoint was cancer-specific survival (CSS); secondary endpoints were relapse-free survival (RFS), status and extent of recurrence, salvage surgery (rate) and toxicity. Findings: Overall survival was not statistically improved (p=0.105) in the AN arm (n=32). RFS was not significant (p=0.343). Nevertheless, the CSS rate was significantly higher in the AN arm versus the control arm (n=33) with a median survival time 67 months (95%CI 43-not calculated) versus 39 months (95%CI 28-47) (p=0.037) and 5 year CSS rate 60% versus 32% respectively. Cancer recurred more often in a single organ than in multiple organs in the AN arm versus the control arm. The limited extent of recurrent tumours in the AN arm meant more patients remained eligible for salvage surgery. Major adverse effects of antineoplastons were fullness of the stomach and phlebitis. No serious toxicity, including bone marrow suppression, liver or renal dysfunction, were found in the AN arm. Interpretation: Antineoplastons (A10 Injection and AS2-1) might be useful as adjunctive therapy in addition to HAI after hepatectomy in colorectal metastases to the liver. © 2015 Ogata et al.

Nakano M.,Kurume University | Tanaka M.,Kurume University | Kuromatsu R.,Kurume University | Nagamatsu H.,Yame General Hospital | And 20 more authors.
Oncology (Switzerland) | Year: 2013

Background: Sorafenib, an oral multikinase inhibitor, was approved for the treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but has not been adequately evaluated for safety and effectiveness in Japanese patients with advanced HCC. Aims: The purpose of this study was to prospectively assess the efficacy, safety, and risk factors for survival in patients with advanced HCC treated with sorafenib. Methods: Between May 2009 and December 2010, 96 Japanese patients with advanced HCC (76 male, 20 female, mean age: 70.4 years) were treated with sorafenib. Eighty-eight patients had Child-Pugh class A, and 8 patients had Child-Pugh class B liver cirrhosis. Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage B and C were found in 64 and 32 patients, respectively. Results: Twelve patients demonstrated partial response to sorafenib therapy, 43 patients had stable disease, and 33 patients had progressive disease at the first radiologic assessment. The most frequent adverse events leading to discontinuation of sorafenib treatment were liver dysfunction (n = 8), hand-foot skin reaction (n = 7), and diarrhea (n = 4). The median survival time and time to progression were 11.6 and 3.2 months, respectively. By multivariate analysis, des-γ-carboxy prothrombin serum levels and duration of treatment were identified as independent risk factors for survival. Conclusions: This study showed that sorafenib was safe and useful in Japanese patients with advanced HCC. In addition, this study demonstrated that sorafenib should be administered as a long-term treatment for advanced HCC regardless of therapeutic effect and dosage. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Ushijima M.,Kurume University | Ogata Y.,Kurume University | Tsuda H.,Kurume Daiichi Social Insurance Hospital | Akagi Y.,Kurume University | And 2 more authors.
Oncology Reports | Year: 2014

Antineoplastons are naturally occurring peptides and amino acid derivatives found in human blood and urine. Antineoplastons have been shown to control neoplastic growth. In the present study, we investigated demethylation effect of the antineoplaston AS2-1 (a mixture of phenylacetylglutamine and phenylacetate in the ratio of 1:4) on various genes in colon cancer cells. An HpaII-MspI methylation microarray was used to investigate the methylation status of 51 genes at the promoter region in HCT116 and KM12SM human colon cancer cells before and after treatment of AS2-1. The expression of protein and mRNA of the demethylated genes by AS2-1 in HCT116 cells was evaluated. In 19 of the 34 methylated genes in HCT116 and in 7 of the 8 methylated genes in KM12SM, the methylation status was downregulated after treatment with 2 mg/ml of AS2-1 for 24 h. AS2-1 dramatically downregulated the methylation status of p15 and ESR1 in HCT116 cells and of MTHFR and MUC2 in KM12SM cells. Both mRNA and protein expression of p15 increased in a dose- and time-dependent manner after treatment with AS2-1. The antineoplaston AS2-1 may normalize the hypermethylation status at the promoter region in various genes including tumor suppressor genes, resulting in activation of the transcription and translation in colon cancer.

Terasaki H.,Kurume Daiichi Social Insurance Hospital | Terasaki H.,Kurume University | Kato S.,University of Ryukyus | Matsuno Y.,Clinical Laboratory Division | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Thoracic Imaging | Year: 2011

"Adenocarcinoma, mixed subtype" is the most common histologic subtype of lung adenocarcinomas in the World Health Organization classification of 2004. For small peripheral adenocarcinomas, for example, those measuring 2 cm or less in greatest diameter, invasive areas can present various histologic patterns. The purpose of this study is to present the radiologic features of small peripheral lung adenocarcinomas with or without a bronchioloalveolar component and with or without invasive areas, in comparison with histopathologic findings. For this purpose, a detailed evaluation of the characteristics of solid regions in ground-glass opacity on high-resolution computerized tomographic images of lung adenocarcinoma is useful. Copyright © 2011 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Yamaguchi R.,Kurume University | Tanaka M.,Kurume Daiichi Social Insurance Hospital | Kondo K.,Kurume University | Yokoyama T.,Kurume University | And 11 more authors.
Medical Molecular Morphology | Year: 2012

Metaplastic breast cancers (MBCs) [spindle cell carcinoma (SpCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and matrix-producing carcinoma (MPC)] and invasive carcinomas with central acellular zones (CACs) were analyzed with respect to biological potential by immunohistochemical analyses. Specimens from 40 patients [20 with MBCs (7 with SCC, 6 with SpCC, 5 with MPC, and 2 with mixed type)] and 20 with CACs were analyzed using antibodies to cytokeratin (CK) 8, 5/6, 14, AE1/AE3, 34αE12, involucrin, c-kit, vimentin (VIM), alpha-smooth muscle actin, p63, epidermal growth factor receptor, epithelial cell adhesion molecule, and estrogen receptor (ER)/progesterone receptor (PR)/HER2. Expression of CK5/6, 34βE12, VIM, nuclear p63, and cytoplasmic p63 was significantly higher with MBCs than CACs (38%/13%, 70%/43%, 85%/33%, 68%/40%, and 48%/18%, respectively). Other markers were expressed at various levels in these tumors, but the difference between them was not significant. Eighteen MBC and 8 CAC cases were triple (ER/PR/HER2) negative; 17 MBCs and 7 CACs were basal-like tumors. Several differences were seen in MBCs and CACs, but they were heterogeneous, differentiating multipotentially into mesenchymal, myoepithelial, basal-like phenotypes with "stem cell-like" features. Thus, CACs are related to MBCs by immunohistochemical analyses as well as according to morphological findings. © 2012 The Japanese Society for Clinical Molecular Morphology.

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