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Solofra, Italy

Di Iorio B.,SOC di Nefrologia | Di Iorio B.,Work Group of the Conservative Therapy for Chronic Renal Insufficiency | Aucella F.,Work Group of the Conservative Therapy for Chronic Renal Insufficiency | Conte G.,Work Group of the Conservative Therapy for Chronic Renal Insufficiency | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Nephrology | Year: 2012

Background: A Cochrane Collaboration review (Roderick, Cochrane Data base of systemic reviews 2007, DOI 10.1002/14651858.CD0018.90.pub3) reported that there was no evidence for correction of acidosis by sodium bicarbonate in pre-end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients, and concluded that randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are necessary to evaluate the benefits and harms of correcting metabolic acidosis in pre-ESRD patients. We wanted to evaluate if the administration of alcaly (mainly sodium bicarbonate) is able to significantly modify renal death and to reduce mortality due to cardiovascular events. Methods: This is a proposal for a multicenter, prospective, cohort, randomized and controlled study. We will randomize 600 patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 3b and 4; 300 of these patients will be included in the bicarbonate study group (Bic), in which levels of bicarbonate should be kept >24 mEq/L; the other 300 patients will be included in the usual-treatment group (no-Bic). Results: The aim of the research protocol is to demonstrate whether the optimal correction of uremic acidosis (with administration of sodium bicarbonate or of any other alkalinizing agent - e.g., sodium citrate) reduces renal and cardiovascular mortality. Conclusions: In conclusion, the Work Group on Conservative Therapy for Chronic Renal Insufficiency proposes this prospective, multicenter, cohort, randomized, controlled study to evaluate the effects of correction of acidosis on the progression of the kidney disease evaluated as renal death in ESRD patients. © 2012 Società Italiana di Nefrologia.

Torraca S.,SOC di Nefrologia | Sirico M.L.,SOC di Nefrologia | Guastaferro P.,SOC di Nefrologia | Morrone L.F.,SOC di Nefrologia | And 6 more authors.
Hemodialysis International | Year: 2011

We have already demonstrated that in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients, the cyclic variations in both hydration status and blood pressure are responsible for changes in pulse wave velocity (PWV). The aim of this study is to verify whether the cyclic variation of PWV influences mortality in dialysis patients. We studied 167 oligoanuric (urinary output <500mL/day) patients on chronic standard bicarbonate HD for at least 6 months. They performed 3 HD sessions of 4 hours per week. Patients were classified into 3 groups: normal PWV before and after dialysis (LL); high PWV before and normal PWV after dialysis (HL); and high PWV before and after dialysis (HH). The carotid-femoral PWV was measured with an automated system using the foot-to-foot method. Analysis of variance was used to compare the different groups. The outcome event studied was all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality. The PWV values observed were LL in 44 patients (26.3%); HL in 53 patients (31.8%); and HH in 70 patients (41.9%). The 3 groups of patients are homogenous for sex, age, and blood pressure. The HH group had a higher prevalence of (P<0.001) ASCVD. It is interesting that the distribution of patients in the 3 groups is correlated with the basal value of PWV. In fact, when the basal measure of PWV is elevated, there is a higher probability that an HD session cannot reduce PWV (<12ms). A total of 53 patients (31.7%) died during the follow-up of 2 years: 5 patients in the LL group (11.4%); 16 in the HL group (30.2%); and 32 in the HH group (50.7%) (LL vs. HL, P=0.047; LL vs. HH, P<0.00001; HL vs. HH, P=0.034). We evidence for the first time that different behaviors of PWV in dialysis subjects determine differences in mortality. © 2011 The Authors. Hemodialysis International © 2011 International Society for Hemodialysis.

Di Micco L.,SOC di Nefrologia | Torraca S.,SOC di Nefrologia | Sirico M.L.,SOC di Nefrologia | Tartaglia D.,SOC di Nefrologia | Di Iorio B.,SOC di Nefrologia
Hypertension Research | Year: 2012

Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is a predictor of morbidity and mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Dialysis patients show cyclic changes in PWV related to their hydration status and blood pressure. Our aim is to assess the impact of daily dialysis on PWV. We performed a randomized crossover study of 60 patients who underwent standard hemodialysis (HD) three times per week for at least 6 months. Patients were classified into three groups according to their PWV values before (pre-) and after (post-) HD, with a cutoff value of 12 m s -1, as follows: the low-low (LL) group had normal pre-HD and post-HD PWV; the high-low (HL) group had high pre-HD PWV and normal post-HD PWV; and the high-high (HH) group had high pre-and post-HD PWV. All patients continued standard HD for 2 weeks. A total of 10 patients from each group were randomly assigned to continue standard HD for 1 week and then underwent daily dialysis for 1 week. The remaining 10 patients underwent daily dialysis for 1 week and then underwent standard HD for 1 week. PWV values were measured before and 1 h after each dialysis session. With daily dialysis treatment, 2 of 20 patients (10%) moved from the PWV-HH group to the PWV-HL group, whereas 18 of 20 patients (90%) moved from the PWV-HL group to the PWV-LL group (P=0.030). Daily dialysis reduces PWV in the ESRD patients. As PWV is a strong predictor of mortality in ESRD and has cyclic variations in patients who are on standard HD, we believe that daily dialysis may be used in patients with high PWV levels to reduce their mortality risk. © 2012 The Japanese Society of Hypertension All rights reserved.

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