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Ndirangu N.,SNV Netherlands Development Organization | Ng'Ang'A J.,Nakuru Water and Sanitation Services Company | Chege A.,Nakuru Water and Sanitation Services Company | De Blois R.-J.,Vitens Evides International | Mels A.,Vitens Evides International
Water Policy | Year: 2013

Improving access to water (and sanitation) services in Kenya (estimated at 59 and 32%, respectively), is one of the country's commitments. However, although efforts to address the situation through a rigorous water sector reform have shown some improvements, challenges still persist. One key challenge is inadequate capacity of sector institutions to deliver on their mandates. In particular, high Non-Revenue Water (NRW) levels (averaging 45%) negatively affect financial viability of water utilities. Key stakeholders are currently collaborating to improve NRW levels. Through capacity development support, underlying issues have been addressed and service delivery improved. The case of Nakuru Water, Sewerage and Sanitation Company (NAWASSCO), where local and international partners are implementing an innovative NRW model has resulted in commendable gains, is described. The NRW pilot adopted an action research approach to implement the International Water Association methodology of reducing NRW to the local situation through a pilot (NAKA). Emerging best practices will be up-scaled to other areas within and beyond Nakuru. Geographic information system (GIS) and management information system (MIS) tools were developed to facilitate decision-making. The pilot resulted in marked reduction in NRW levels and increased revenue. It demonstrates that capacity, when properly developed and locally owned, can result in commendable development gains. © IWA Publishing 2013. Source


Choulatida P.N.,SNV Netherlands Development Organization | Gummert M.,University of the Philippines at Los Banos | Baconguis R.D.T.,University of the Philippines at Los Banos
Acta Horticulturae | Year: 2015

The study aimed to understand organic farmer and processor constraints and potentials in coming up with quality organic rice that meets international standards in Sangthong District, Vientiane Capital, Lao PDR. Structured interview was conducted among 197 certified organic farmer-respondents. Farmers were past middle age and have low educational attainment. Farmer practices and laboratory tests on paddy rice confirmed that premium grain quality was not achieved because of failure of farmers to meet desirable levels of moisture content. Based on experimentation, shade drying produced better head rice recovery. However, mechanical drying has better potentials to improve grain quality because of less infrastructure investment needed. Based on economic cost and return analysis, organic rice processors can afford to give premium price incentive to farmers and still earn profit if they export to established markets. The study provided evidences on the effect of moisture content on grain quality and developed a price-based incentive scheme based on actual survey data and export data from processors. To facilitate improvement in organic rice quality, a broad based participatory and market oriented extension program is proposed. The organic rice supply chain will guide the extension campaign to integrate all capability and infrastructure needs, address constraints, and maximize potentials of actors. Given the importance of good postharvest system, future works could also delve into establishing a farmer association-managed rice mill to simplify organic rice certification process and empower farmers to trade directly with international partners. Source


Tamiru S.,SNV Netherlands Development Organization | Mamo K.,SNV Netherlands Development Organization | Acidria P.,GiC Menstrual Hygiene Management Project | Mushi R.,GiC Menstrual Hygiene Management Project | And 2 more authors.
Waterlines | Year: 2015

African schoolgirls face considerable challenges as a result of menstruation and its management. Menstruation is seen as secret and regarded as taboo. As a result girls are not receiving adequate support from home, schools, or the community. They are left to address the challenge on their own, which consequently affects their school performance. Development interventions that deal only with the supply of materials cannot resolve the problem in a sustainable manner. We need to have a comprehensive approach that can improve: knowledge, attitude, and practice of girls, parents, and the community; sanitary materials supply; the policy environment; and the physical infrastructure. The issue of menstrual hygiene management is gaining recognition as part of the development agenda for improving girls' school participation. But there is little research and few practical case studies have been conducted to inform policy and practice. SNV Netherlands Development Organization is addressing menstrual hygiene under its WASH in School programme in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. This article highlights baseline survey findings of the current menstrual hygiene management practices in the project areas of Ethiopia, South Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe and recommends the approach piloted. © Practical Action Publishing, 2015. Source

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