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Baehr M.,SNSB Zoologische Staatssammlung Munich
Spixiana | Year: 2014

Four additional new species of the platynine genus Arhytinus Bates, 1889 are described: A. weigeli, A. vietnamensis, and A. maximus, all from North Vietnam, and A. flavomarginatus from Malaysia. The new species are incorporated into the most recent key to the genus in Baehr (2012). © 2014, Verlag dr Friedrich Pfeil. All rights reserved. Source


Wagele H.,Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig | Klussmann-Kolb A.,Goethe University Frankfurt | Verbeek E.,Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig | Schrodl M.,SNSB Zoologische Staatssammlung Munich
Organisms Diversity and Evolution | Year: 2014

Opisthobranchia have experienced an unsettled taxonomic history. At the moment their taxonomy is in state of dramatic flux as recent phylogenetic studies have revealed traditional Opisthobranchia to be paraphyletic or even polyphyletic, allocating some traditional opisthobranch taxa to other groups of Heterobranchia, e.g. Pulmonata. Here we review the history of Opisthobranchia and their subgroups, explain their traditionally proposed relationships, and outline the most recent phylogenetic analyses based on various methods (morphology, single gene and multiple gene analyses, as well as genomic data). We also present a phylogenetic hypothesis on Heterobranchia that, according to the latest results, represents a consensus and is the most probable one available to date. The proposed phylogeny supports the Acteonoidea outside of monophyletic Euthyneura, the basal euthyneuran split into Nudipleura (Nudibranchia plus Pleurobranchoidea) and the recently established taxon Tectipleura. The latter divides into the Euopisthobranchia, containing most of the major traditional opisthobranch clades, and the Panpulmonata, with a mix of the former opisthobranch, putative allogastropod and pulmonate taxa. This "new euthyneuran tree" rejects the traditional taxa Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata, and, in particular, has profound implications for preconceived textbook scenarios of opisthobranch and pulmonate evolution, which must now be reconsidered. In the absence of systematic barriers, research communities - which have traditionally investigated marine and non-marine heterobranchs separately - need to interact and finally merge for the sake of science. © 2013 The Author(s). Source


The skeleton and musculature of the male terminalia were examined and depicted in seven Palaearctic species from the tribes Eupitheciini Pierce, Melanthiini Duponchel, Perizomini Herbulot and Rheumapterini Herbulot (Lepidoptera, Geometridae, Larentiinae) characterized by the presence of the eupitheciine labides in the male genitalia. Nine genital muscles, typical of the subfamily, were identified: m1, m2(10), m3(2), m4, m5(7), m6(5), m7(6), m8(3) and m21. The places of attachment of the muscles m3(2), m4 and m5(7) to the genital sclerites afford useful characters for the higher classification of this group. A few principal genital characters which previously received little attention are discussed, including fusion of the transtilla with parts of the labides and presence of the gnathos in several larentiine tribes. © 2014, Verlag dr Friedrich Pfeil. All rights reserved. Source


Baehr M.,SNSB Zoologische Staatssammlung Munich
Spixiana | Year: 2015

A new carabid species of the tribe Zolini is described from Tasmania: Sloaneana curvicollis, spec. nov. It is compared with the widespread S. tasmaniae (Sloane) which likewise occurs in Tasmania. For the four recorded species of the genus Sloaneana Csiki, 1933 a complete new key is provided. © 2015, Verlag dr Friedrich Pfeil. All rights reserved. Source


Schonitzer K.,SNSB Zoologische Staatssammlung Munich
Spixiana | Year: 2015

Faunistics as part of the science of zoology is characterized and its general tools and perspectives are given. The ultimate aim of faunistics is the knowledge of the distribution of all animal species and subspecies of the whole world. Faunistics is a descriptive science and a fundamental base for biogeography and the understanding of biodiversity. © 2015, Verlag dr Friedrich Pfeil. All rights reserved. Source

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