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München, Germany

Kienberger K.,University of Cadiz | Carmona L.,University of Cadiz | Pola M.,Autonomous University of Madrid | Padula V.,SNSB | And 3 more authors.
Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society | Year: 2016

Aeolidia papillosa (Linnaeus,) is a well-known aeolidiid species that has been reported to have a worldwide distribution in cold–temperate waters, mainly from the northern hemisphere. Molecular tools have recently shown that most cosmopolitan species usually belong to a taxonomic species complex. Here we used integrative taxonomy to test the range of distribution of A. papillosa, and to assess the existence of a putative species complex that has been traditionally included as a single species under the name A. papillosa. Maximum-likelihood and Bayesian analyses of partial DNA sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I and 16S rRNA genes, and the nuclear gene histone 3, were used to infer phylogenetic trees. Automatic Barcode Gap Discovery (ABGD) species delimitation analyses and morphological study complemented the phylogenetic approach. Our results show that A. papillosa is a cosmopolitan and an amphi-Atlantic species, being distributed in the eastern and western Atlantic as well as in the eastern Pacific; however, some specimens from the UK and the Netherlands, together with specimens from Portugal, Galicia, and France, as well as the Californian and Oregon populations, emerge as two pseudocryptic species described herein: Aeolidia filomenae sp. nov. and Aeolidia loui sp. nov., respectively. Finally, the specimens from Chilean coasts, previously attributed to A. papillosa, belong to a different species, Aeolidia campbellii (Cunningham, ), that is a senior synonym of Aeolidia serotina Bergh,. © 2016 The Linnean Society of London

Moraes S.S.,University of Sao Paulo | Albertoni F.F.,University of Sao Paulo | Marconato G.,SNSB | Duarte M.,University of Sao Paulo
Zoologischer Anzeiger | Year: 2016

Larvae and pupae of Scolecocampa medara (Schaus) were collected in galleries inside decaying tree trunk where larvae were found feeding. Descriptions and illustrations of the last instar and pupa, as well as information on the natural history of S. medara are here provided. The larval chaetotaxy is compared with two closely related species, Scolecocampa mochisa (Schaus) (Scolecocampinae) and Hyponeuma taltula (Schaus) (Herminiinae). In addition, we provide a redescription of the adults, including the morphology of the male and female genitalia, with a brief taxonomic history of Scolecocampa Guenée and related genera. © 2016 Elsevier GmbH.

Aiglstorfer M.,University of Tubingen | Aiglstorfer M.,Senckenberg Center for Human Evolution and Palaeoenvironment | Heissig K.,SNSB | Bohme M.,University of Tubingen | Bohme M.,Senckenberg Center for Human Evolution and Palaeoenvironment
Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments | Year: 2014

Although quite rare in comparison to other large mammal groups, the Perissodactyla from Gratkorn show a diverse assemblage. Besides the three rhinocerotid species, Aceratherium sp., Brachypotherium brachypus (Lartet, 1837), and Lartetotherium sansaniense (Lartet, in Laurillard 1848), the families Chalicotheriidae and Equidae are represented by Chalicotherium goldfussi Kaup, 1833 and Anchitherium sp., respectively. The perissodactyl assemblage fits well in a late Middle Miocene (Sarmatian) riparian woodland with diverse habitats from active rivers to drier more open environments, as were present at the Gratkorn locality. © 2014 Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Cranston P.S.,Australian National University | Martin J.,University of Melbourne | Spies M.,SNSB
Zootaxa | Year: 2016

Polypedilum nubifer (Skuse, 1889), originally described from Australia, is an apparently widespread species of Chirono-midae (Diptera) that can attain nuisance densities in some eutrophic water bodies. Appropriate management depends upon the identity and ability to distinguish from potential cryptic taxa. A morphological study of larvae, pupae and adults of both sexes confirmed P. nubifer as widely distributed and frequently abundant, but also revealed two previously cryptic species of limited distribution in northern Australia. These species are described as new and illustrated in all stages here. Polypedilum quasinubifer Cranston sp. n. is described from north-west Queensland, Australia and also from Thailand and Singapore. Polypedilum paranubifer Cranston sp. n. is known only from retention ponds of a uranium mine in Northern Territory, Australia. Unusual morphological features of P. nubifer including alternate Lauterborn organs on the larval an-tenna, cephalic tubules on the pupa and frontal tubercles on the adult head are present in both new species as well. Newly slide-mounted types of Polypedilum pelostolum Kieffer, 1912 (lectotype designated here) confirm synonymy to Chirono-mus nubifer Skuse, 1889, examined also as newly-slide mounted types. Reviewed plus new evidence does not support recognition of Tripedilum Kieffer, 1921 as a separate taxon; therefore, Tripedilum is returned to junior synonymy with Polypedilum s. str. © Copyright 2016 Magnolia Press.

Can Cengiz F.,Mustafa Kemal University | Kaya K.,Mustafa Kemal University | Ulasli B.,Mustafa Kemal University | Moriniere J.,SNSB
Turkiye Entomoloji Dergisi | Year: 2016

Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) is an invasive insect species attacking maize (Zea mays L.) and other cereal crops causing important yield losses. The occurrence of this insect in Turkey was first reported in maize growing areas of some provinces in the East Mediterranean region of Turkey in 2014. Chemical or other pest control methods do not always provide acceptable control of this pest, so biological control is considered an important alternative. However, for a successful biological control, the first step is to reliably identify the natural enemies of a target pest, which is difficult to achieve using methods based on morphology. Recent developments in molecular techniques allow more reliable identification of insect species and their parasitoids. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify the egg parasitoids of C. partellus by molecular methods. Parasitized eggs were collected from maize fields in Hatay province, Turkey, from September to October 2014 and in September 2015. Eggs were maintained in the laboratory and emerging adult parasitoids were subjected to molecular analysis. Using DNA barcoding, two native natural enemies, Trichogramma brassicae Bezdenko (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) and Telenomus busseolae (Gahan) (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) were identified as egg parasitoids of C. partellus for the first time in Turkey.

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