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Hyo Kim L.,Sogang University | Sub Cheong H.,SNP Genetics | Sub Cheong H.,Seoul National University | Koh Y.,Seoul National University | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Human Genetics | Year: 2015

The cytidine deaminase (CDA) catalyzes the irreversible hydrolytic deamination of the cytarabine (AraC) into a 1-β-D-Arabinofuranosyluracil (AraU), an inactive metabolite that plays a crucial role in lowering the amount of AraC, a key chemotherapeutic drug, in the treatment of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). In this study, we hypothesized that CDA polymorphisms were associated with the AraC metabolism for AML treatment and/or related clinical phenotypes. We analyzed 16 polymorphisms of CDA among 50 normal karyotype AML (NK-AML) patients, 45 abnormal karyotype AML (AK-AML) patients and 241 normal controls (NC). Several polymorphisms and haplotypes, rs532545, rs2072671, rs471760, rs4655226, rs818194 and CDA-ht3, were found to have a strong correlation with NK-AML compared with NC and these polymorphisms also revealed strong linkage disequilibrium with each other. Among them, rs2072671 (79A>C), which is located in a coding region and the resultant amino acid change K27Q, showed significant associations with NK-AML compared with NC (P=0.009 and odds ratio=2.44 in the dominant model). The AC and CC genotypes of rs2072671 (79A>C) were significantly correlated with shorter overall survival rates (P=0.03, hazard ratio=1.84) and first complete remission duration (P=0.007, hazard ratio=3.24) compared with the AA genotype in the NK-AML patients. Our results indicate that rs2072671 in CDA may be an important prognostic marker in NK-AML patients. © 2015 The Japan Society of Human Genetics All rights reserved.

Song C.M.,Hanyang University | Kwon T.-K.,Seoul National University | Park B.L.,SNP Genetics | Ji Y.B.,Hanyang University | Tae K.,Hanyang University
Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis | Year: 2015

Genetic factors associated with susceptibility to papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) are not well known. We evaluated the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) and the risk of PTC. A total of 437 histologically confirmed PTC cases and 184 cancer-free controls without thyroid nodules were recruited. Genotypes with respect to five ATM SNPs (rs189037, rs664677, rs373759, rs664143, and rs4585) were determined by the TaqMan assay, and odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were obtained by logistic regression analysis. Linkage disequilibria and haplotypes were examined from the genotype data. When evaluated separately the genotype distributions of the five ATM SNPs were similar in the PTC cases and controls. Three ATM SNPs (rs373759, rs664143, and rs4585) were found to be in strong linkage disequilibrium (D′=1.00, P<0.001). When the three haplotypes (C-A-G), (T-G-T), and (C-G-T) of these three ATM SNP sites were analyzed, ATM haplotype (C-G-T) +/-was associated with a lower risk of PTC than ATM haplotype (C-G-T) -/-(P=0.03) after adjusting for age and gender. Our results suggest that genetic polymorphisms of ATM may play an important role in the development of thyroid cancer in the Korean population. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Park T.-J.,Sogang University | Kim J.-H.,Sogang University | Bae J.-S.,Sogang University | Park B.-L.,SNP Genetics | And 12 more authors.
International Archives of Allergy and Immunology | Year: 2011

Background: Aspirin-intolerant asthma (AIA) is a clinical syndrome characterized by acute bronchoconstriction following the ingestion of aspirin. Solute carrier family 22, member 2 (SLC22A2), also known as organic cation transporter 2 (OCT2), is predominantly expressed in the luminal membrane of airway epithelial cells and has been shown to mediate the transport of prostaglandins on the cyclooxygenase pathway which is regulated by aspirin blockage. Recently, SLC22A2-mediated uptake inhibition by several nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and decreased SLC22A2 transport activity by its genetic variants have been elucidated in asthma. Methods: To investigate the associations between AIA and genetic polymorphisms of the SLC22A2 gene, 18 variants were genotyped in 163 AIA subjects and 429 aspirin-tolerant asthma (ATA) controls. Logistic analyses were used to evaluate p values for the associations of SLC22A2 polymorphisms with AIA. Results: One common polymorphism in intron 5, i.e. rs316021, was significantly associated with susceptibility to AIA (p = 0.004, Pcorr = 0.05, OR = 0.60, 95% CI = 0.43-0.85 in a codominant model). The minor allele frequency of rs316021 in the AIA group was significantly lower than that in the ATA controls. In addition, a polymorphism in intron 4 (rs3912161) and a haplotype (SLC22A2-ht3) showed significantly stronger association signals with the FEV1 fall rate induced by aspirin provocation in AIA subjects compared with ATA controls (p = 0.004, Pcorr = 0.05). Conclusion: Our findings suggest that SLC22A2 could be a susceptibility gene for aspirin intolerance in asthmatics. Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Cheong J.Y.,Ajou University | Cho S.W.,Ajou University | Oh B.,National Health Research Institute | Kimm K.,National Health Research Institute | And 8 more authors.
Digestive Diseases and Sciences | Year: 2010

The outcome of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection can be affected by host immune factors. Interleukin-18 (IL-18) was originally discovered as an interferon-γ-inducing factor and plays a critical role in immune response. We assessed the association between the clearance of HBV infection and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the IL-18 gene. Between March 2002 and December 2004, a total of 1,050 Korean subjects were enrolled in the study and divided into two groups: (1) the HBV spontaneous recovery group (n = 320) and (2) the chronic HBV carrier group (n = 730). We analyzed SNPs at four polymorphic sites in the IL-18 gene at positions -667G>T, -148G>C, +8925C>G, and +13925A>C. We observed that the subjects bearing the IL-18 -148C allele [odds ratio (OR), 0.25; confidence interval (CI), 0.09-0.68; P = 0.01], the +8925G allele (OR, 0.36; CI, 0.15-0.88; P = 0.02), and the +13925C allele (OR, 0.25; CI, 0.13-0.82; P = 0.01) were significantly associated with HBV clearance in a recessive model. This study indicates that the -148C, +8925G, and +13925C alleles of the IL-18 gene are likely associated with HBV clearance in a Korean population. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Kim H.-E.,University of Ulsan | Kim D.-G.,Chonbuk National University | Lee K.J.,University of Ulsan | Son J.G.,University of Ulsan | And 10 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Genomic changes frequently occur in cancer cells during tumorigenesis from normal cells. Using the Illumina Human NS-12 single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) chip to screen for gene copy number changes in primary hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs), we initially detected amplification of 35 genes from four genomic regions (1q21-41, 6p21.2-24.1, 7p13 and 8q13-23). By integrated screening of these genes for both DNA copy number and gene expression in HCC and colorectal cancer, we selected CENPF (centromere protein F/mitosin), GMNN (geminin, DNA replication inhibitor), CDK13 (cyclin-dependent kinase 13), and FAM82B (family with sequence similarity 82, member B) as common cancer genes. Each gene exhibited an amplification frequency of ~30% (range, 20-50%) in primary HCC (n = 57) and colorectal cancer (n = 12), as well as in a panel of human cancer cell lines (n = 70). Clonogenic and invasion assays of NIH3T3 cells transfected with each of the four amplified genes showed that CENPF, GMNN, and CDK13 were highly oncogenic whereas FAM82B was not. Interestingly, the oncogenic activity of these genes (excluding FAM82B) was highly correlated with gene-copy numbers in tumor samples (correlation coefficient, r>0.423), indicating that amplifications of CENPF, GMNN, and CDK13 genes are tightly linked and coincident in tumors. Furthermore, we confirmed that CDK13 gene copy number was significantly associated with clinical onset age in patients with HCC (P = 0.0037). Taken together, our results suggest that coincidently amplified CDK13, GMNN, and CENPF genes can play a role as common cancer-driver genes in human cancers. © 2012 Kim et al.

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