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Port Dickson, Malaysia

Masdor N.,Biotechnology Research Center | Abd Shukor M.S.,Snoc International Sdn Bhd | Khan A.,Hazara University | Bin Halmi M.I.E.,National University of Malaysia | And 3 more authors.
Biodiversitas | Year: 2015

Masdor N, Shukor MSA, Khan A, Halmi MIE, Abdullah SRS, Shamaan NA, Shukor MY. 2015. Taxonomy and distribution of species of the genus Acanthus (Acanthaceae) in mangroves of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. Biodiversitas 16: 238-246. Pollution as a result of anthropogenic activities is a severe global issue. These activities including inappropriate disposal, industrial and prospecting activities and unnecessary use of agricultural chemicals have triggered international initiatives to eliminate these contaminants. In this work we screen the ability of a molybdenum-reducing bacterium isolated from contaminated soil to grow and reduce molybdenum on various detergents. The bacterium was able to grow on SDS as a carbon source although the compound did not support molybdenum reduction. The bacterium reduces molybdate to Mo-blue optimally between pH 5.8 and 6.3 and between 25 and 34°C. Glucose was the best electron donor for supporting molybdate reduction followed by sucrose, d-mannitol, d-sorbitol, lactose, salicin, trehalose, maltose and myo-Inositol in descending order. Other requirements include a phosphate concentration between 5.0 and 7.5 mM and a molybdate concentration between 5 and 20 mM. The absorption spectrum of the Mo-blue produced was similar to previous Mo-reducing bacterium, and closely resembles a reduced phosphomolybdate. Molybdenum reduction was inhibited by mercury (ii), silver (i) and copper (ii) at 2 ppm by 62.1, 33.9 and 33.6%, respectively. Biochemical analysis resulted in a tentative identification of the bacterium as Klebsiella oxytoca strain Aft-7. The ability of this bacterium to detoxify molybdenum and degrade detergent makes this bacterium an important tool for bioremediation. © 2015, Society for Indonesian Biodiversity. All rights Reserved. Source


Shukor M.S.,Snoc International Sdn Bhd | Shukor M.Y.,Snoc International Sdn Bhd | Shukor M.Y.,University Putra Malaysia
Chemical Engineering Research Bulletin | Year: 2015

The toxicity of molybdenum to ruminants and its general toxicity to spermatogenesis in animals are increasingly being reported. Its contamination of aquatic bodies has been reported, and this necessitates its removal. In this work, we utilize the dialysis tubing method coupled with the molybdenum-reducing activity of S. marcescens strain Dr.Y6 to remove molybdenum from solution. The enzymatic reduction of molybdenum into the colloidal molybdenum blue traps the reduced product in the dialysis tubing. The initial rate of increase of Mo-blue product was determined using the modified Gompertz model while the resultant inhibition kinetics profile was carried out using the Haldane model. The calculated maximal rate of Mo-blue production was 153 μmole (Mo-blue.hr)-1 and the concentration of molybdate resulting in the half-maximal rate of reduction (Ks), and the inhibition constant (Ki) were 0.22 and 506 mM, respectively. The results indicate that the system using dialysis tubing coupled with the Mo-reducing bacterium is a good candidate for a method for molybdenum bioremoval from solution. © BangladeshUni.ofEngg.&Tech. Source


Sabullah M.K.,Universiti Malaysia Sabah | Sabullah M.K.,University Putra Malaysia | Rahman M.F.,University Putra Malaysia | Ahmad S.A.,University Putra Malaysia | And 4 more authors.
Agrivita | Year: 2016

Bioremediation of pollutants including heavy metals and xenobiotics is an economic and environmentally friendly process. A novel molyb-denum-reducing bacterium with the ability to utilize the pesticide glyphosate as a carbon source is reported. The characterization works were carried out utilizing bacterial resting cells in a microplate format. The bacterium reduces molybdate to Mo-blue optimally between pH 6.3 and 6.8 and at 34oC. Glucose was the best elec-tron donor for supporting molybdate reduction followed by lactose, maltose, melibiose, raffinose, d-mannitol, d-xylose, l-rhamnose, l-arabinose, dulcitol, myo-inositol and glycerol in descending order. Other requirements include a phosphate concentration at 5.0 mM and a molybdate concentration between 20 and 30 mM. The molybdenum blue exhibited an absorption spec-trum resembling a reduced phospho-molybdate. Molybdenum reduction was inhibited by mercury, silver, cadmium and copper at 2 ppm by 45.5, 26.0, 18.5 and 16.3%, respectively. Biochemical analysis identified the bacterium as Klebsiella oxytoca strain Saw-5. To conclude, the capacity of this bacterium to reduce molybdenum into a less toxic form and to grow on glyphosate is novel and makes the bacterium an important instrument for bioremediation of these pollutants. © 2016, Agriculture Faculty Brawijaya University. All rights reserved. Source


Khayat M.E.,University Putra Malaysia | Rahman M.F.A.,University Putra Malaysia | Shukor M.S.,Snoc International Sdn Bhd | Ahmad S.A.,University Putra Malaysia | And 2 more authors.
Rendiconti Lincei | Year: 2016

Molybdenum and heavy metals are toxicants that are needed to be removed from the environment as they are non-biodegradable and pose a serious threat to the ecology. A previously isolated keratin-degrading Bacillus sp. strain khayat was shown to be able to reduce molybdenum (sodium molybdate) to molybdenum blue (Mo-blue). Reduction occurred optimally at the pHs of between 5.8 and 6.8 and temperatures of between 25 and 34 °C. Glucose was the best electron donor for supporting molybdate reduction followed by sucrose, fructose, glycogen, lactose, meso-inositol and glycerol in descending order. Other requirements include a phosphate concentration between 5.0 and 7.5 mM and a molybdate concentration of between 10 and 20 mM. The absorption spectrum of the Mo-blue produced was similar to previous Mo-reducing bacterium, and closely resembles a reduced phosphomolybdate. Molybdenum reduction was inhibited by Hg (ii), Ag (i), Cu (ii), As (v) and Pb (ii) at 84.7, 78.9, 53.5, 36.8 and 27.7 %, respectively. Analysis using phylogenetic analysis resulted in a tentative identification of the bacterium as Bacillus sp. strain khayat. The bacterium was unable utilize any of the xenobiotics as sources of electron donor for reduction but the bacterium was able to grow on diesel and SDS. The ability of this bacterium to detoxify several toxicants makes this bacterium an important tool for bioremediation of multiple toxicants. © 2016 Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei Source

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