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Sudhakar Rao K.M.,SN Medical College Bagalkot | Ankad B.S.,SN Medical College Bagalkot | Naidu V.,SN Medical College Bagalkot | Sampaghavi V.V.,SN Medical College Bagalkot
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2011

Context: Verruca vulgaris is the commonest skin disease in the dermatology practice. The clinical management of Verruca vulgaris is often challenging. Multiple modalities of treatment currently exist, but none of them is singularly effective. Aim: To study the case of warts clinically. Settings and Design: This was an observational study which was done in the Department of Dermatology. Methods and Materials: The study was carried out for 12 months and it included 90 patients. Patients with genital warts, immunocompromised patients and pregnant females were excluded from the study. Statistical Analysis: The statistical analysis of the descriptive data, that included the number and percentages, was done for all the categories. Results: There were 90 cases of warts and a majority of the patients (30) belonged to the age group of 11-20 yrs. 67 patients were males and 23 were females. A majority of the warts were seen in students (45). The most commonly involved site was the hand (34). The most common type of wart was the common wart (60). Conclusions: Viral warts were common in the younger age groups. Males outnumbered the females. The hand was the commonest site which was involved. Common warts was the commonest type of warts.

Pawale J.,SN Medical College Bagalkot | Belagatti S.,ESIC Medical College | Shonali,SN Medical College Bagalkot | Masoor D.,SN Medical College Bagalkot
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2015

Background: Objective: To determine histopathologic pattern of uterine lesions in cases with menorrhagia in different age groups Materials and method: This study was carried out at the pathology department, SN Medical college Bagalkot. Seventy four abdominal hysterectomy cases done for the treatment of menorrhagia, were included in the study. An exclusion criterion was vaginal hysterectomies, abdominal hysterectomies done for complaints other than menorrhagia and malignancies.Two sections were taken from the cervix, two from uterine corpus, one section each from leiomyomas. Polyps were submitted entirely. Sections (3-5 μ), stained with Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stain were microscopically examined and reported. Results: Menorrhagia was common in the age group of 41-50 years with 51.35% (n=38), 35.13% (n=26) were from 30-40 years age group and 8.10% (n=6) were from 21-30 years, 5.4% (n=4) were from 51-60 yrs age group. Out of 74 cases , 48.64% (n=36) showed no obvious gross or microscopic abnormality followed by leiomyomas in 25.67% cases (n=19)followed by adenomyosis 12.16% cases (n=9) ,5.40% (n=4) cases of endometrial polyps, 5.40% (n=4) cases of endometrial hyperplasia and 2.7% (n=2) case of pill endometrium were diagnosed. Conclusion- Uterine fibroids and adenomyosis are the most common benign conditions found in hysterectomy specimens with peak incidence at 41-50 years. Histopathology is mandatory for confirming diagnosis © 2015 Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development. All rights reserved.

Dombale V.D.,SN Medical College | Javalgi A.P.,SN medical college Bagalkot | Kalburgi K.,SN medical college
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2011

Diffuse lipomatosis is a benign lesion of the thyroid gland with very few cases being documented in the literature. We present a case of a 62 yr old male who presented with a midline neck swelling of 6 months duration and respiratory stridor since few days. After the clinical examination, a provisional diagnosis of nodular goitre was made and the patient was sent for cytological study. Fine needle aspiration cytology studies reported it as a benign follicular epithelial lesion. A near total thyroidectomy was done and the specimen was sent for histopathological studies. Multiple sections from both the lobes revealed the diffuse infiltration of the adipose tissue into the thyroid stroma. There was no evidence of amyloid deposits. Other causes of the fat deposits were ruled out. The case was reported as diffuse lipomatosis of the thyroid, a rare finding with only few cases being reported in the literature.

Kashinakunti S.V.,Sn Medical College Bagalkot | Kollur P.,D Y Patil Medical College Kolhapur | Kallaganada G.S.,S Nijalingappa Medical College Bagalkot | Rangappa M.,Sn Medical College Bagalkot | Ingin J.B.,Mr Medical College Gulbarga
Journal of Research in Medical Sciences | Year: 2011

BACKGROUND: It is a well-known fact that there is increased oxidative stress and decreased serum antioxidant levels in smokers than in non-smokers. In this study, the aim was to compare the serum levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), a lipid peroxidation product and vitamin C, an antioxidant, between non- smokers (Group A) and chronic smokers (Group B) and also between chronic smokers (Group B) and chronic smokers with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (Group C). METHODS: Thirty six non-smokers and 36 chronic smokers appropriately matched with AMI patients were selected. Thirty six smokers with AMI were selected from Hanagal Kumareshwara hospital, Bagalkot, Karnataka, India. Fasting blood sample was collected in group A and group B. In AMI patients, blood sample was collected before any intervention. Serum levels of MDA and vitamin C were estimated. Statistical analysis was done by t test using SPSS version 11. The p< 0.05 was considered statistically significant. All the results were expressed as mean ± SD. RESULTS: The MDA and vitamin C were compared between Group A and Group B and also between Group B and Group C. There was a significant rise in MDA (p<0.0001) and significant decrease in vitamin C (p<0.01) in Group B compared to Group A. There was a significant rise in MDA (p<0.0001) and significant decrease in vitamin C (p<0.001) in Group C compared to Group B. CONCLUSIONS: The increase in serum MDA level and decrease in vitamin C was found in chronic smokers compared to non-smokers. It was also found that there is increase in serum MDA and decrease in vitamin C in smokers with AMI compared with smokers without AMI, and the reason for this inter-subject variability of MDA and vitamin C levels may be due to gene-environmental factors.

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