SMS Hospital and Medical College

Jaipur, India

SMS Hospital and Medical College

Jaipur, India
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Goil P.,SMS Hospital And Medical College | Choudhary G.M.,SMS Hospital And Medical College | Jain R.,SMS Hospital And Medical College | Malviya M.K.,SMS Hospital And Medical College | Jain A.,SMS Hospital And Medical College
European Journal of Plastic Surgery | Year: 2017

Background: The reconstruction of soft tissue defects in the distal third of the leg and ankle joint remains a challenge for reconstructive surgeons. Presently, the distally based neurocutaneous flaps are the predominant surgical alternatives to free tissue transfer. In this article, we describe our experience with the distally based saphenous neurocutaneous flap for reconstructing soft tissue defects in this region. Methods: A retrospective review of all patients who underwent reconstruction of the leg distal third and ankle joint at our department from January 1996 to June 2016 was carried out. Only patients who underwent reconstructive surgery for acute traumatic injuries were included. The fasciocutaneous pedicle was 3–4 cm wide, and the anatomical structures consisted of the superficial and deep fascia, saphenous nerve, greater saphenous vein and their accompanying vessels together with an islet of subcutaneous cellular tissue and skin. The size of skin islands ranged from 5–7 to 10–14 cm2. Results: A total of 170 patients (142 men and 28 women) were included in this study. The mean follow-up period was 3 months. All flaps survived with partial necrosis in three patients. Severe venous congestion occurred only in five patients. However, the flap was eventually salvaged after limb elevation and interrupted bloodletting. All donor sites were closed using split-skin grafting. Conclusions: The reverse saphenous neurocutaneous flap proved to be a reliable and efficient method for reconstructing soft tissue defects in the distal third of the leg and ankle joint. Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study © 2017 Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany


Singh V.,SMS Hospital and Medical College | Sharma B.,SMS Hospital and Medical College | Saxena P.,SMS Hospital and Medical College | Meena H.,SMS Hospital and Medical College | Mangal D.,SMS Hospital and Medical College
Lung India | Year: 2012

Background: It is thought that price increase in tobacco products leads to reduced consumption. Though many studies have substantiated this concept, it has not been well studied in India. Recently, price of tobacco products was increased due to ban on plastic sachets of chewing tobacco and increased tax in Rajasthan. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of price rise on overall consumption of tobacco in Jaipur city, Rajasthan. Materials and Methods: This study was carried out in Jaipur city. Two-staged stratified sampling was used. In the first phase of study, cost and consumption of various tobacco products in the months of February and April were enquired from 25 retail tobacco shops. In the second phase, tobacco consumption was enquired from 20 consecutive consumers purchasing any tobacco product from all the above retail tobacco shops. The data were statistically analyzed using descriptive statistics and paired "t" test. Results: The comparison of prices of tobacco products between February and April revealed that the price of cigarette, bidi, and chewing tobacco has increased by 19%, 21%, and 68%, respectively. Average decrease in sales of cigarettes, bidi, and chewing tobacco at shops included in the study were 14%, 23%, and 38%, respectively. The consumers purchasing tobacco also reported decreased consumption. Chewing tobacco showed the maximum reduction (21%). Consumption of cigarette and bidi has also reduced by 15% and 13%, respectively. Conclusion: It may be concluded that reduction in consumption is associated with increased price of tobacco products. Reduced consumption is comparative to the magnitude of price increase.


Sharma L.C.,SMS Hospital and Medical College
Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia | Year: 2013

Histoplasmosis is a progressive granulomatous disease caused by the intracellular dimorphic fungus Histoplasma capsulatum. We report a rare case of esophageal histoplasmosis in a renal allograft recipient. A 55-year-old male who received a live, unrelated renal allograft 20 years ago presented with complaints of recurrent fever for ten to 12 months, weight loss over six months, progressive dysphagia more for solids for five to six months and joint pain and swelling involving the bilateral metacarpo-phalangeal and proximal interphalangeal joints. Biopsy from the esophageal ulcers revealed dense inflammation infiltrated with lymphocytes and macrophages with clusters of strongly positive intracellular fungal spores with a clear area or "halo-like" zone suggestive of Histoplasma capsulatum invasion. The patient was treated with intravenous liposomal amphotericin B for ten days and later switched over to oral itraconazole. Repeated endoscopy revealed significant improvement of the lesions.


Kalra G.D.S.,SMS Hospital and Medical College | Gupta R.K.,SMS Hospital and Medical College
Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery | Year: 2013

Background: The facial asymmetry correction in complex craniofacial malformations presents a challenging problem for reconstructive surgeons. Progressive hemifacial atrophy (HFA) and hemifacial microsomia (HFM) can manifest in different grades of severity. Most patients require only soft-tissue augmentation. Free flaps are the best option for correction of severe facial softtissue deficiency. Materials and Methods: Twenty-two patients of HFM and HFA were included in this study from January 2006 to March 2009 in the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, SMS Medical College and Hospital. In all cases, atrophy correction was done using deepithelialised parascapular free flap with the de-epithelialised surface was placed under the skin. A small skin paddle was taken for monitoring. Results: All cases were reconstructed with deepithelialised parascapular free flap. There was no flap loss in this series. Hematoma was noted in five cases. Debulking and removal of skin paddle were done in all cases after 6 months. Atrophy recurrence was not observed in any of the cases on follow-up. Conclusion: Contouring of face in cases of HMF and HFA is satisfactorily done with the parascapular free flap. It gives better cosmetic results with minimal donor site morbidity. Facial vessels are better recipient vessels for anastomosis. Keeping de-epithelialised surface of flap under the skin helped in preventing sagging.


Kalra G.,SMS Hospital and Medical College | Goil P.,SMS Hospital and Medical College | Chakotiya P.S.,SMS Hospital and Medical College
Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery | Year: 2013

Introduction: Total scalp avulsion is a serious injury, commonly occurring in Indian females working with industrial and agricultural machines. Their long hairs often get caught in a rapidly revolving machines, resulting in total avulsion of scalp. Lack of education and awareness in Indian villages often result in these patients coming late to the hospitals when replantation is not possible and scalp reconstruction remains the only available option. Materials and Methods: We performed our study on 22 cases of scalp avulsion injury presented to us between June 2007 and April 2012 at Department of Burn, Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, SMS Hospital, Jaipur. In all of them a free tissue transfer was performed as an elective procedure. Results: Twenty two patients underwent free tissue transfer and followed up for an average period of 6 months. All patients included in this study were females with mean age of 28 yrs. Five patients in our study reported with partial necrosis of the free flaps which were subsequently managed with split-thickness skin graft (STSG). Two patients reported total necrosis of the flap which was re-operated using latissimus dorsi along with serratus anterior muscle (LDSA) from the contralateral side. Conclusion: As scalp avulsion because of rapidly rotating machine leads to large size defect not amenable for local tissue reconstruction. We performed reconstruction using LDSA and omental free flaps with split thickness skin graft (STSG) for large scalp defect and achieved good and stable soft tissue cover with satisfactory cosmesis.


Mathur M.,SMS Hospital and Medical College | D'Souza A.V.L.,SMS Hospital and Medical College | Prasad D.,SMS Hospital and Medical College | Garsa R.,SMS Hospital and Medical College | And 6 more authors.
Indian Journal of Nephrology | Year: 2015

Internal jugular (IJ) catheter insertion for hemodialysis (HD) is an indispensable procedure in the management of patients with renal failure. The central approach is favored over posterior approach to insert IJ catheters. There are no studies comparing the outcomes between the two approaches. The aim of this study was to compare central approach with posterior approach for IJ HD catheter insertion and to analyze various outcomes like procedure-related complication rates, catheter insertion failure rates, interruptions during dialysis due to blood flow obstruction and catheter infection rates between the two methods among patients receiving HD. All patients requiring IJ HD catheter insertion during a 1-month period were randomly assigned to undergo catheter insertion via either conventional central approach or posterior approach. Patients were followed-up till the removal of the catheter. Among 104 patients included in the study, 54 were assigned to the central approach group and 50 to the posterior approach group. The central approach group had higher rate of procedure-related complications (14.81% vs. 6%, P = 0.04). Catheter insertion failure rates were marginally higher in posterior approach group (20% vs. 12.96%, P = 0.07). One or more instance of interruption during HD due to obstruction in blood flow was more common in posterior approach (46% vs. 9.25%, P < 0.01). Catheter infection rates were similar between the two groups; 16.66% ( n = 9) in central group vs. 14% ( n = 7) in posterior group. Posterior approach is a reasonable alternative to conventional central approach in IJ cannulation for HD catheter. It is, however, associated with a significantly high rate of interruption in HD blood flow and catheter insertion failure rates. The posterior approach can be used in patients with local exit site infection or in failed attempts to cannulate IJ vein via the conventional central approach.


PubMed | SMS Hospital and Medical College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Indian journal of nephrology | Year: 2015

Internal jugular (IJ) catheter insertion for hemodialysis (HD) is an indispensable procedure in the management of patients with renal failure. The central approach is favored over posterior approach to insert IJ catheters. There are no studies comparing the outcomes between the two approaches. The aim of this study was to compare central approach with posterior approach for IJ HD catheter insertion and to analyze various outcomes like procedure-related complication rates, catheter insertion failure rates, interruptions during dialysis due to blood flow obstruction and catheter infection rates between the two methods among patients receiving HD. All patients requiring IJ HD catheter insertion during a 1-month period were randomly assigned to undergo catheter insertion via either conventional central approach or posterior approach. Patients were followed-up till the removal of the catheter. Among 104 patients included in the study, 54 were assigned to the central approach group and 50 to the posterior approach group. The central approach group had higher rate of procedure-related complications (14.81% vs. 6%, P = 0.04). Catheter insertion failure rates were marginally higher in posterior approach group (20% vs. 12.96%, P = 0.07). One or more instance of interruption during HD due to obstruction in blood flow was more common in posterior approach (46% vs. 9.25%, P < 0.01). Catheter infection rates were similar between the two groups; 16.66% (n = 9) in central group vs. 14% (n = 7) in posterior group. Posterior approach is a reasonable alternative to conventional central approach in IJ cannulation for HD catheter. It is, however, associated with a significantly high rate of interruption in HD blood flow and catheter insertion failure rates. The posterior approach can be used in patients with local exit site infection or in failed attempts to cannulate IJ vein via the conventional central approach.


PubMed | SMS Hospital and Medical College
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia | Year: 2013

Histoplasmosis is a progressive granulomatous disease caused by the intracellular dimorphic fungus Histoplasma capsulatum. We report a rare case of esophageal histoplasmosis in a renal allograft recipient. A 55-year-old male who received a live, unrelated renal allograft 20 years ago presented with complaints of recurrent fever for ten to 12 months, weight loss over six months, progressive dysphagia more for solids for five to six months and joint pain and swelling involving the bilateral metacarpo-phalangeal and proximal interphalangeal joints. Biopsy from the esophageal ulcers revealed dense inflammation infiltrated with lymphocytes and macrophages with clusters of strongly positive intracellular fungal spores with a clear area or halo-like zone suggestive of Histoplasma capsulatum invasion. The patient was treated with intravenous liposomal amphotericin B for ten days and later switched over to oral itraconazole. Repeated endoscopy revealed significant improvement of the lesions.


PubMed | SMS Hospital and Medical College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Lung India : official organ of Indian Chest Society | Year: 2012

It is thought that price increase in tobacco products leads to reduced consumption. Though many studies have substantiated this concept, it has not been well studied in India. Recently, price of tobacco products was increased due to ban on plastic sachets of chewing tobacco and increased tax in Rajasthan. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of price rise on overall consumption of tobacco in Jaipur city, Rajasthan.This study was carried out in Jaipur city. Two-staged stratified sampling was used. In the first phase of study, cost and consumption of various tobacco products in the months of February and April were enquired from 25 retail tobacco shops. In the second phase, tobacco consumption was enquired from 20 consecutive consumers purchasing any tobacco product from all the above retail tobacco shops. The data were statistically analyzed using descriptive statistics and paired t test.The comparison of prices of tobacco products between February and April revealed that the price of cigarette, bidi, and chewing tobacco has increased by 19%, 21%, and 68%, respectively. Average decrease in sales of cigarettes, bidi, and chewing tobacco at shops included in the study were 14%, 23%, and 38%, respectively. The consumers purchasing tobacco also reported decreased consumption. Chewing tobacco showed the maximum reduction (21%). Consumption of cigarette and bidi has also reduced by 15% and 13%, respectively.It may be concluded that reduction in consumption is associated with increased price of tobacco products. Reduced consumption is comparative to the magnitude of price increase.

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