SMS
Indore, India
SMS
Indore, India

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Bhat B.A.,SMS | Saraf S.A.,FoA
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2014

In the recent times people in Kashmir Valley are shying away from keeping sheep and poultry owing to risk and labourious work involved with this trade, but it has been proved that these two enterprises are profitably viable and remunerative. Moreover the domestic supply of sheep and poultry is insufficient as well as inadequate to cater to the domestic demand despite having world's best meadows and pastures. Against this backdrop a study on economics of sheep and poultry in Kashmir Valley was undertaken. The findings of the study revealed that these two enterprises are profitable and offers ample scope for employment generation in Kashmir Valley. The economic analysis in terms of cost and return, Benefit-cost ratio indicated that the sheep and poultry farming is economically viable. Benefit-cost ratio in sheep was found out to be 1.30:1 and in poultry it was computed as 1.26:1. Marketing of sheep and poultry has been largely in the hands of private enterprises. Three marketing channels each were found in sheep and poultry sector. Among sheep sector channel no. HI (Producer-Retailer-Consumer) was having highest producers share in consumers rupee (82.85 per cent) and highest index of marketing efficiency (5.83). In poultry channel no. I (Producer-Retailer-Consumer) was having highest producers share in consumers rupee (76.47 per cent) and highest index of marketing efficiency (4.25). Production and marketing led constraints were also studied. Copyright © EM International.


An investigation was conducted for analysis of path coefficient in Tikhur for rhizome yield, starch recovery and component characters. The experiment was conducted during kharif seasons 2010-11 and 2011-12 at S.G. College of Agriculture and Research Station (IGKV), Jagdalpur, Bastar (C. G.), India. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with 20 genotypes of tikhur with 03 replications. The genotypes were grown randomly in each replication in a total of 60 plots of 3.0 m x 2.4 m each containing 60 plants per plot. Observations were recorded from ten randomly selected sample plants in each treatment and observed mean value used for statistical analysis and estimated genotypic and phenotypic path coefficient for direct and indirect effects of different growth characters on total rhizome yield t ha-1, genotypic and phenotypic path coefficient for direct and indirect effects of different rhizome characters on total rhizome yield, genotypic and phenotypic path coefficient for direct and indirect effects of different rhizome characters on starch recovery per cent. The results clearly indicated that the path coefficient analysis of different variable during both the years and also on pooled analysis for dependent variables total rhizome yield t ha-1 and starch recovery per cent have indicated the direct contribution of leaf breath, harvest index, weight of primary finger rhizome per plant, weight of secondary finger rhizome per plant, thickness of mother rhizome per plant, total rhizome yield t ha-1, starch recovery per cent, dry matter per cent of rhizomes per plant, number of mother rhizome per plant, weight of mother rhizome per plant, towards total rhizome yield t ha-1 and starch recovery per cent of the Tikhur. Therefore, these characters should be improved in the population for achieving maximum rhizome yield and starch recovery per cent. © 2014, Plant Archives. All rights reserved.


Markam P.S.,Horticulture | Sahu M.K.,SMS
Plant Archives | Year: 2015

An investigation was conducted to assess the genetic divergence of quantitative characters under Bastar Plateau of Chhattisgarh, India. The experiment was conducted during kharif seasons 2010-11 &2011-12 at S.G. College of Agriculture and Research Station (IGKV), Jagdalpur, Bastar (C. G.), India. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with 20 genotypes of tikhur with 03 replications. The genotypes were grown randomly in each replication in a total of 60 plots of 3.0 m × 2.4 m each containing 60 plants per plot. Observations were recorded from ten randomly selected sample plants in each treatment and observed mean value used for statistical analysis. In the pooled analysis, highest intra cluster distance was observed in cluster V and lowest was in cluster III. The highest inter cluster distance was observed between cluster I and V and lowest between cluster II and III. Cluster IV had the highest number of genotypes (6) and lowest was in cluster I (2) genotypes. cluster IV had the highest mean values for leaf area index, weight of mother rhizome per plant, weight of primary finger rhizome per plant, weight of secondary finger rhizome per plant, number of primary finger rhizome, thickness of primary finger rhizome per plant and total rhizome yield t/ha. Cluster V had maximum mean values for plant height, leaf length leaf breadth and dry matter per cent. Cluster I had highest mean value for number of leaves per plant, harvest index, and thickness of mother rhizome per plant and cluster II had maximum mean values for days to maturity, number of mother rhizome per plant and starch recovery per cent. Based on inter cluster distance and cluster means, it can be concluded that genotypes of the cluster V and II could be select for hybridization programme as they are expected to produce high heterogenic crosses. Based on D2 studies genotypes IGBT-10-1, IGKOT-10-1, IGDMT-10-1, IGBT-10-4, IGDNT-10-1, IGSJT-10-1 and IGSJT-10-2 have been selected for hybridization and tikhur improvement programme. For hybridization programme parents of tikhur should not be selected form same cluster. On the basis of the above analysis, genotypes IGBT-10-4 and IGSJT-10-2 is recommended to be used as parents for starch recovery per cent and total rhizome yield.


Antoniali M.,SMS | Versolatto F.,Innova | Tonello A.M.,Klagenfurt University
IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery | Year: 2016

Power-line communications (PLC) are affected by severe noise. In the inhome scenario, the household appliances are the main sources of noise, when they are fed and running, as they inject noise in the frequencies where PLC operate. This paper presents a methodology for the characterization of the noise generated by devices connected to the power grid. The methodology is applied to study a number of household appliances. The study enables: a) identifying the most noisy devices from which PLC transceivers should be kept far away; b) characterizing the noise both in the time and the frequency domain; c) addressing the definition of noise limits from an electromagnetic-compatibility regulator perspective; and d) quantifying the amplitude of the impulsive noise that may damage the analog front end of the PLC transceiver. This paper addresses the noise during the normal operating conditions of the household appliances, and the noise generated during transients, that is, when the device is connected, disconnected, or switched on or off. In this respect, it is shown that transients may lead to noise spikes that exceed tens of volts. © 1986-2012 IEEE.


Tripathi P.N.,J.N.K.V.V. | Tiwari B.K.,SMS | Sharma R.C.,J.N.K.V.V. | Kumar S.,J.N.K.V.V.
Plant Archives | Year: 2013

Five representative soil pedons of Central Narmada Valley Agro-climatic Zone of district Harda, Madhya Pradesh (India) were studied with regard to their pedological development and soil classification. All the pedons were very deep (> l-5m). Soil texture in surface soils varied from sandy loam, sandy clay loam, clay loam to clay, while lower horizons showed clay loam to clay in almost all soil pedons. Sub angular to angular blocky structure was observed in middle horizons of most of the pedons. Massive structure also found in C horizons in most of the pedons. Effervescence was observed in almost all the soil pedons in middle and lower horizons. The soils are calcareous and soil reaction varied from neutral .to mildly alkaline. The organic carbon content in these soils was low to medium in surface and that too decreased with depth. Cation exchange capacity (CEC), Ca++ and Mg++ ions were found high in horizons where clay content was more. Based on morphological, physical and chemical characteristics, pedon 1 was classified as Typic Haplustalfs which pedon 2 and 3 were placed under Vertic i lapiustaifs and Typic Haplustepts, respectively. Pedon 4 and 5 were classified under Typic Haplusterts.


Yadav N.,JPNATC | Ayub A.,JPNATC | Garg R.,BRAIRCH | Nanda S.,SMS | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology | Year: 2016

Background and Aims: There is wide variation in depth of brachial plexus in patient population at supraclavicular region. We plan to find the depth of the corner pocket and correlate it with age, weight, height and body mass index (BMI). Material and Methods: After approval from Ethics Committee, right-sided supraclavicular region of volunteers was scanned. Once an optimal image, which included subclavian artery, pleura, first rib and nerve bundles, was obtained, the "corner pocket" was kept in the middle of the screen and the image was frozen. Depth of the corner pocket from the skin was measured. Thereafter longest distance (LD) approximating needle trajectory was calculated. The Pearson correlation was used to calculate the relation between these two distances and various predictors such as weight, height, and BMI. Results: Mean shortest distance that is, vertical distance from skin to corner pocket for all volunteers was found to be 1.7 ± 0.8 cm and the mean LD that is, distance traveled by needle entering 1 cm from the edge of foot process to the corner pocket in an in-plane approach was 3.7 ± 0.2 cm. We did not find any significant correlation between age, height versus measured distances. However, significant correlation (0.11) was found between weights, BMI versus two lengths. Conclusion: Prescanning of supraclavicular region for estimating depth of corner pocket should be done before choosing an appropriate size needle. Furthermore, the needle should not be advanced more than the predicted corner pocket depth. © 2016 Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow.


Basak S.,Banaras Hindu University | Mazumdar B.D.,SMS
2012 1st International Conference on Recent Advances in Information Technology, RAIT-2012 | Year: 2012

Multi-agent System (MAS) formulations have been developed and explored in the past in a variety of domains, ranging from optimization problems to game theory. However, there are certain issues that are common across all the domains. Cooperation and coordination of agents in MAS is one such important area. In this paper, we have first presented a very brief survey characterizing the cooperation and coordination strategies that have been frequently used. Thereafter the paper progresses to explore the applicability of MAS formulations in disaster management domain. We have identified the characteristics and requirements of disaster management domain; described the ways in which MAS formulations can be used in this domain; and presented the preliminary results of our simulation experiment of a greedy approach to disaster recovery. © 2012 IEEE.


Singh V.,SMS
International Journal of Agricultural and Statistical Sciences | Year: 2016

In Madhya Pradesh, cleaning of grains is mostly done by women by supa. During cleaning they undergo extensive physical activities, which ultimately results in drudgery and low efficiency. To increase the efficiency of the farm women and reduced workload, CIAE introduced double sieve hanging type grain cleaner for separation of impurities like stubbles, chaff, dirt and broken received with grain after threshing. The present study was undertaken using this grain cleaner in order to improve the efficiency and to decrease the drudgery of women during soybean cleaning. Twenty five farm women between the age of 25-45 constituted sample of the study. The results of the study revealed that the mean cleaning output through supa and hanging type grain cleaner was 18 ± 2.69 and 144 ± 10.47 kg/hr. The efficiency of women was increased by 87.5% with the help of hanging grain cleaner. Reduction in drudgery was also found 43.8%, when cleaning was done with improved equipment.


Shriwas Y.,Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya | Sarkar J.D.,Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya | Awsthi H.K.,Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya | Sarthi N.,S.M.S.
Plant Archives | Year: 2015

This study was carried out in Durg district of Chhattisgarh (India) during 2011 - 12 in the randomly selected villages. The study aimed to assess the knowledge level of brinjal growers in brinjal production. Information was obtained with help of interview schedule by personal interview. Collected data were analyzed by using suitable statistical tools. The finding of the study revealed that the overall level of knowledge of brinjal production technology was medium. Maximum knowledge was noticed in the practice of seed rate and seed treatment.

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