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Sangamner, India

Ahamed S.,Malabar Dental College | Jalaluddin M.,Kalinga Institute of Dental science | Khalid I.,MGM Dental College | Moon N.,Dental College and Research Center | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice | Year: 2013

Background: Local delivery of antimicrobial agents provides higher concentration of the drug in the periodontal site for longer periods than systemically delivered methods. In the present study an attempt is made to know the efficacy of controlled local drug delivery of doxycycline as an adjunctive treatment in the management of chronic periodontitis. Materials and methods: A total of 12 patients, diagnosed as Chronic Periodontitis in the age of 25 to 55 years, were selected of both the sexes in this study. They were divided into Experimental group consisted of 30 sites who received complete scaling and root planing (SRP) followed by placement of Atridox gel and control group consisted of 30 sites who received only SRP. Clinical parameters were recorded at, baseline, days 30, 90 and 180. Parameters were plaque index, gingival index, gingival bleeding index and microbial analysis, probing pocket depth and Clinical attachment level (CAL). The microbiological analysis was done at baseline visit and at 90th day. Probing pocket depth and CAL were recorded only on day 0 and 180th day. Results: In 180 days study, both the groups exhibited a significant improvement in periodontal status. Significant gain in attachment level was observed in both the group. Between both the groups the clinical parameters in the experimental groups exhibited better results as compared to the control group. Both the groups exhibited significant reduction in the number of spirochetes. Conclusion: Combination therapy of SRP and 10% DH gel demonstrated better results at all levels suggesting that this therapy can play a significant role as an adjunct to SRP in the management of chronic periodontitis.

Dharmani U.,JKK Nataraja Dental College and Hospital | Jadhav G.R.,Sinhgad Dental College and Hospital | Kaur Dharmani C.K.K.,JKK Nataraja Dental College and Hospital | Rajput A.,Maulana Azad Institute of Dental science | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine | Year: 2015

This case report presented a karyotype and pedigree analysis of a case with unusual combination of dental anomalies: Generalized short roots, talon cusps, dens invagination, low alveolar bone heights, very prominent cusp of carabelli and protostylid on first permanent molars, taurodontism of second permanent molars, rotated, missing and impacted teeth. None of the anomalies alone are rare. However, until date, nonsyndromic pandental anomalies that are affecting entire dentition with detailed karyotype, pedigree and cone-beam computerized tomography analysis have not been reported. The occurrence of these anomalies is probably incidental as the conditions are etiologically unrelated.

Ali F.M.,SMBT Dental College | Prasant M.C.,SMBT Dental College | Tahsildar S.,SMBT Dental College | Deshpande R.,SMBT Dental College
JK Practitioner | Year: 2012

There are various important investigations which are required for the diagnosis and treatment plan of various disorders related to oral cavity. The use of toluidine Blue (toluidine chloride) dye as a mouthwash is currently receiving much attention as an aid to the diagnosis of oral cancer and potentially malignant lesions. The method has good sensitivity with a very low false negative rate.

Wollina U.,Academic Teaching Hospital Dresden Friedrichstadt | Verma S.B.,Nirvana Skin Clinic | Ali F.M.,SMBT Dental College | Patil K.,SMBT Dental College
Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology | Year: 2015

Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) is a premalignant condition caused by betel chewing. It is very common in Southeast Asia but has started to spread to Europe and North America. OSF can lead to squamous cell carcinoma, a risk that is further increased by concomitant tobacco consumption. OSF is a diagnosis based on clinical symptoms and confirmation by histopathology. Hypovascularity leading to blanching of the oral mucosa, staining of teeth and gingiva, and trismus are major symptoms. Major constituents of betel quid are arecoline from betel nuts and copper, which are responsible for fibroblast dysfunction and fibrosis. A variety of extracellular and intracellular signaling pathways might be involved. Treatment of OSF is difficult, as not many large, randomized controlled trials have been conducted. The principal actions of drug therapy include antifibrotic, anti-inflammatory, and antioxygen radical mechanisms. Potential new drugs are on the horizon. Surgery may be necessary in advanced cases of trismus. Prevention is most important, as no healing can be achieved with available treatments. © 2015 Wollina et al.

Aher V.,SMBT Dental College | Chander P.,SMBT Dental College | Chikkalingaiah R.,JKK Nataraja Dental College and Hospital | Ali F.,SMBT Dental College
Journal of Surgical Technique and Case Report | Year: 2013

The dentigerous cyst is a developmental odontogenic cyst which usually occurs in the second and third decade of life. Dentigerous cyst is one of the most prevalent types of odontogenic cysts associated with partially erupted, developing, or impacted teeth. The mandibular third molars have a high predictability followed by maxillary canines. Occurrence of dentigerous cyst bilaterally is generally observed in syndromic cases. Non-syndromic dentigerous cyst occurring bilaterally or involving both arches at the same time is very rare. This presented case is rare and unique in which all four quadrants shows the presence of dentigerous cyst. In this case there are well-defined cysts associated with impacted molars as well as with supernumerary teeth in all the four quadrants of jaws. The clinical documentation of such a case in available literature is found to be first time.

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